The AHRQ PSNet Collection comprises an extensive selection of resources relevant to the patient safety community. These resources come in a variety of formats, including literature, research, tools, and Web sites. Resources are identified using the National Library of Medicine’s Medline database, various news and content aggregators, and the expertise of the AHRQ PSNet editorial and technical teams.
Alarm (or alert) fatigue occurs when clinicians ignore alarms, usually due to the majority being invalid or nonactionable, and thus fail to respond or respond more slowly to actionable alerts. The article describes the progress made in reducing nonactionable alarms and making actionable alarms more useful to responding clinicians. Clinical approaches include customization of alert parameters to reduce nonactionable alarms, while engineering solutions include reducing the volume or adjusting the tone of auditory alerts.
Aiken LH, Lasater KB, Sloane DM, et al. JAMA Health Forum. 2023;4:e231809.
While the association between clinician burnout and patient safety are not new, the COVID-19 pandemic brought this safety concern back to the forefront. In this study conducted at 60 US Magnet hospitals, nurses and physicians reported high levels of burnout and rated their hospital unfavorably on patient safety. Increased nurse staffing was the top recommendation to reduce burnout with less emphasis on wellness and resilience programs.
Johansson AC, Manago B, Sell J, et al. Acad Med. 2023;98:505-513.
… but hierarchy based on factors not related to expertise (i.e., gender or discipline ) hinders safe patient care. In … and videos were coded separately by statement type (e.g., directive, question) and gender and discipline. …
Emani S, Rodriguez JA, Bates DW. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2023;30:995-999.
Electronic health records (EHR) are essential for recording patients' clinical data but may also perpetuate stigma, particularly for people of color. This article describes how the EHR can perpetuate individual, organizational, and structural racism and ways organizations, researchers, practitioners, and vendors can address racism.
Nasri B-N, Mitchell JD, Jackson C, et al. Surg Endosc. 2023;37:2316-2325.
Distractions in the operating room can contribute to errors. Based on survey responses from 160 healthcare workers, this study examined perceived distractions in the operating room. All participants ranked auditory distractions as the most distracting and visual distractions as the least distracting, but the top five distractors fell into the equipment and environmental categories – (excessive heat/cold, team member unavailability, poor ergonomics, equipment unavailability, and competitive demand for equipment). Phone calls/pagers/beepers were also cited as a common distractor.
Bates DW, Williams EA. J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract. 2022;10:3141-3144.
Electronic health records (EHRs) are key for the collection of patient care data to inform overarching risk management and improvement strategies. This article discusses the adoption of EHRs as tools supporting patient safety and highlights the need for an expanded technology infrastructure to continue making progress.
Schnock KO, Garber A, Fraser H, et al. Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf. 2023;49:89-97.
Reducing diagnostic errors is a primary patient safety concern. This qualitative study based on interviews with 17 providers and two focus group with seven patient advisors found broad agreement that diagnostic errors pose a significant threat to patient safety, as participants had difficulty defining and describing, and correctly identifying. the frequency of diagnostic errors in acute care settings. Participants cited issues such as communication failures, diagnostic uncertainty, and cognitive load as the primary factors contributing to diagnostic errors.
Dykes PC, Curtin-Bowen M, Lipsitz S, et al. JAMA Health Forum. 2023;4:e225125.
Patient falls are associated with poorer clinical outcomes, and increased costs to the health system. This study describes the economic costs of implementing the Fall Tailoring Interventions for Patient Safety (Fall TIPS) Program in eight American hospitals. Results show the Fall TIPS program reduced falls by 19%, avoiding over $14,000 of costs per 1,000 patient days.
Bates DW, Levine DM, Salmasian H, et al. New Engl J Med. 2023;388:142-153.
An accurate understanding of the frequency, severity, and preventability of adverse events is required to effectively improve patient safety. This study included review of more than 2,800 inpatient records from 11 American hospitals with nearly one quarter having at least one preventable or not preventable adverse event. Overall, approximately 7% of all admissions included at least one preventable event and 1% had a severity level of serious or higher. An accompanying editorial by Dr. Donald Berwick sees the results of this study as a needed stimulus for leadership to prioritize patient safety anew.
Sheikh A, Coleman JJ, Chuter A, et al. Programme Grants Appl Res. 2022;10:1-196.
… Programme Grants Appl Res … Electronic prescribing (e-prescribing) is an established medication error reduction … United Kingdom to understand strengths and weaknesses in e-prescribing. The work concluded that e-prescribing did … e-prescribing system decision making. … Sheikh A, Coleman J, Chuter A, et al. Programme Grants Appl Res. 2022;10(7): …
Apathy NC, Howe JL, Krevat S, et al. JAMA Health Forum. 2022;3:e223872.
Electronic Health Record (EHR) systems are required to meet meaningful use and certification standards to receive incentive payments from the US Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). This study identified six settlements reached between EHR vendors and the Department of Justice for misconduct related to certification of meaningful use. Certification of EHR systems that don’t meet HHS meaningful use requirements may have implications for patient safety.
… J Hosp Med … I-PASS is a structured handoff tool to enhance communication … adverse events and improved key handoff elements (e.g., frequency of handoffs with high verbal quality) across … prospective effectiveness implementation study. J Hosp Med . Epub 2022 Nov 3. doi: 10.1002/jhm.12979 …
Samal L, Khasnabish S, Foskett C, et al. J Patient Saf. 2022;18:611-616.
… J Patient Saf … Adverse events can be identified through … multiple sources should be used to detect AE. … Samal L, Khasnabish S, Foskett C, et al. Comparison of a voluntary … for identifying adverse events in an oncology population. J Patient Saf. Epub 2022 Jul 21, …
Phadke NA, Wickner PG, Wang L, et al. J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract. 2022;10:1844-1855.e3.
Patient exposure to allergens healthcare settings, such as latex or certain medications, can lead to adverse outcomes. Based on data from an incident reporting system, researchers in this study developed a system for classifying allergy-related safety events. Classification categories include: (1) incomplete or inaccurate EHR documentation, (2) human factors, such as overridden allergy alerts, (3) alert limitation or malfunction, (4) data exchange and interoperability failures, and (5) issues with EHR system default options. This classification system can be used to support improvements at the individual, team, and systems levels.
Patient safety dashboards are used to communicate real-time patient data to appropriately augment care. This study found that higher usage of an electronic patient safety dashboard resulted in lower 30-day readmission rates among patients discharged from adult medicine units compared to lower usage groups.
Patient safety efforts increasingly seek patient input and engagement to improve care. In this qualitative study, patients and families reported on recent hospitalizations and their perceptions of their care and safety. Four main themes were elicited: (1) experiences with safety problems were not unusual, (2) patients and families developed “care stories” about their experiences, (3) there was a spectrum of trust between patients and providers, and (4) having someone advocate for them was important.
Syrowatka A, Song W, Amato MG, et al. Lancet Digit Health. 2022;4:e137-e148.
… promising areas where AI could be used to predict (e.g., therapeutic response) or detect (e.g., medication prescribing errors) patient harm. … Syrowatka A, Song W, Amato MG, et al. Key use cases for artificial intelligence …
Alsabri M, Boudi Z, Lauque D, et al. J Patient Saf. 2022;18:e351-e361.
Medical errors are a significant cause of morbidity and mortality, and frequently result from potentially preventable human errors associated with poor communication and teamwork. This systematic review included 16 studies that were examined for assessment tools, training interventions, safety culture improvement, and teamwork intervention outcomes. The authors conclude that training staff on teamwork and communication improve the safety culture, and may reduce medical errors and adverse events in the Emergency Department.