Skip to main content

The PSNet Collection: All Content

The AHRQ PSNet Collection comprises an extensive selection of resources relevant to the patient safety community. These resources come in a variety of formats, including literature, research, tools, and Web sites. Resources are identified using the National Library of Medicine’s Medline database, various news and content aggregators, and the expertise of the AHRQ PSNet editorial and technical teams.

Search All Content

Search Tips
Filter By Author(s)
Advanced Filtering Mode
Date Ranges
Published Date
Original Publication Date
Original Publication Date
PSNet Publication Date
Additional Filters
Approach to Improving Safety
Clinical Area
Safety Target
Displaying 1 - 20 of 501 Results
Roussel M, Teissandier D, Yordanov Y, et al. JAMA Intern Med. 2023;Epub Nov 6.
Overcrowding in the emergency department (ED) can result in long wait times to be seen or admitted, as well as placing patients at increased risk of adverse events. In this prospective study, researchers compared the risk of in-hospital mortality among older patients who spent a night in the ED waiting for admission to the hospital versus older patients who were admitted to the hospital before midnight. Findings indicate that patients who spent an overnight in the ED had a higher in-hospital mortality rate, increased risk of adverse events, and longer length of stay; this risk was exacerbated for patients with limited functional status.

Galappatthy P, Mair A, Dhingra-Kumar N et al. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization; 2023. ISBN 9789240058897.

Look-alike, sound-alike (LASA) medicines are known contributors to drug errors. This report discusses how name and label similarities degrade care, and the actions organizations and individual practitioners can take to mitigate the potential of LASA medication errors that cause harm. The authors discuss obstacles and enablers to implementing prevention strategies.
Munn LT, Lynn MR, Knafl GJ, et al. J Res Nurs. 2023;28:354-364.
Nursing team dynamics can influence safety culture and willingness so speak up about errors and safety concerns. This survey of over 650 nurses and nurse managers underscored the importance of leader inclusiveness, safety climate, and psychological safety in cultivating speaking up behaviors among nursing team members.
Milic V, Cameron L, Jones C. Br J Nurs. 2023;32:840-848.
Double checking of medication administration one strategy meant to reduce medication errors. In this study, 29 critical care nurses took part in a focus group exploring the barriers to double-checking during medication administration. Participants discussed several challenges, such as patient location (particularly for patients in isolation due to infection control measure), health IT limitations, and unclear roles and responsibilities.
Barlow M, Watson B, Morse K, et al. J Health Organ Manag. 2023;Epub Sep 26.
Hierarchy and expected response may inhibit someone from speaking up about a safety concern. This study used two vignettes of a speaking up situation with randomization on speaker seniority, discipline (i.e., allied staff, nurse, physician), tone (i.e., accommodating or non-accommodating), and the presence of other people in the room. All participants were more likely to respond positively to the accommodating tone, but the impact of seniority varied by receiver's discipline.
Beaulieu-Jones BR, Wilson S, Howard DS, et al. JAMA Surg. 2023;Epub Oct 18.
Morbidity and Mortality Conferences (MMC) have a long history in medical education and error analysis. This review summarizes MMC best practices to optimize format and design to advance trainee education and format. Four overarching themes emerged, including formal preparation in advance of the MMC, a balance of presentation and discussion, formal channels for quality improvement and education, and an emphasis on safety culture.
Perspective on Safety October 31, 2023
… Brigo F, Zaboli A, Rella E, et al. The impact of COVID-19 pandemic on temporal trends … Somani R, Muntaner C, Hillan E, Velonis AJ, Smith P. A systematic review: … life, and turnover intention among clinical nurses. Heslop L, ed. PLOS ONE. 2019;14(12):e0226506. … … Cheryl … Zoe … Sarah … Jones … Sousane … Mossburg … B. … Cheryl B. Jones … Zoe …

This piece focuses on workplace violence trends in healthcare settings and strategies for creating a safer healthcare environment.

Cheryl B. Jones

Cheryl B. Jones is a professor, director of the Hillman Scholars Program, and interim associate dean of the School of Nursing’s PhD program at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. We spoke to her about workplace violence trends in healthcare settings and how we can create a safer work environment for healthcare staff.

Wu AW, Papieva I, Sheridan S, et al. J Patient Saf Risk Manag. 2023;28:147-152.
True partnership with patients and families in safety work is an important yet elusive goal. This commentary outlines elements supporting engagement as part of an ambitious global plan and awareness campaign to ensure medical error reduction efforts are fully informed and enriched through the application of the patient and family experience in health care.
Levy BE, Wilt WS, Lantz S, et al. J Patient Saf. 2023;19:453-459.
The surgical time out is an effective strategy to reduce errors and improve team communication but full team participation remains a challenge. This article describes a Plan, Do, Study, Act project of developing and implementing a white board time out checklist to encourage all operating room personnel to participate. A significant increase in the number of completed time out items was seen after implementation.
Jones A, Neal A, Bailey S, et al. BMJ Lead. 2023;Epub Sep 10.
The well-being of healthcare workers is essential to the delivery of high quality, safe care. This article proposes a definition of “avoidable employee harm” (e.g., retaliation for speaking up about safety concerns) and describes how prioritizing organizational safety culture can increase both employee and patient safety.
Gillette C, Perry CJ, Ferreri SP, et al. J Physician Assist Educ. 2023;34:231-234.
A study conducted in 2011 concluded that pharmacy students identified more prescribing errors than their medical or nursing counterparts. This study replicates the 2011 study with first- and second-year physician assistant (PA) students. The results suggest PA students, regardless of year, identified prescribing errors at similar rates to medical and nursing students, although identification rates were low for all three student groups.

Abraham J, Rosen M, Greilich PE eds. Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf. 2023;49(8):341-434.

Handoffs occur several times during a surgical procedure, increasing the risk of communication mistakes and misunderstandings. This special issue explores perioperative handoffs and strategies to improve them. Topics covered include information accuracy, teamwork science, and artificial intelligence.
Fink DA, Kilday D, Cao Z, et al. JAMA Netw Open. 2023;6:e2317641.
Ensuring all pregnant individuals receive safe maternal care is a national health priority. Using a large national database, this study describes trends in delivery-related severe maternal morbidity (SMM) and mortality in the United States. Maternal mortality decreased for all racial, ethnic, and age groups, while SMM increased for all groups, particularly racial and ethnic minoritized groups. Patients with COVID-19 had a significantly increased risk of death. PSNet features a curated library of maternal safety resources.
Levy KL, Grzyb K, Heidemann LA, et al. J Grad Med Educ. 2023;15:348-355.
The quality improvement and patient safety (QIPS) curriculum is increasingly being added to resident education, but implementation and quality of these programs varies. In this study, continuous improvement specialists (CIS) were embedded in resident teams to create an A3, a quality improvement tool. A key component to the QIPS curriculum was aligning resident projects with quality improvement efforts already underway in the department.
Conn Busch J, Wu J, Anglade E, et al. Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf. 2023;49:365-372.
Structured handoffs are recognized as a method to ensure that complete, accurate information is shared between teams. This article describes the impact of the Handoffs and Transitions in Critical Care (HATRICC) study on accuracy and completeness of handoff before and after implementation of a structured handoff tool. Post-intervention, the accuracy and completeness of handoffs improved. Omissions, mortality, and length of intensive care unit (ICU) stay were reported in a 2019 study.

Levi R, Gorenstein D. Health Shots. National Public Radio. June 6, 2023.

Systemic biases are present in data tools, training and culture across health care. This article discusses weaknesses in artificial intelligence algorithms that are poised to further entrench biases and inequities into health care systems. The authors highlight the role of regulators and industry in combating the presence of biases in decision making technologies.
Chen H-W, Wu J-C, Kang Y-N, et al. Nurse Educ Today. 2023;126:105831.
Patient safety can be improved when all staff feel empowered to speak up about errors. In this systematic review, the authors identified 11 studies on the effectiveness of trainings to increase nurses' assertiveness to report medical errors. Interventions resulted in significant improvement in nurses' speaking up behavior, but not their attitude or confidence after training. Structured content, use of multiple teaching approaches, and adequate training time were critical to significant improvement.
Jones BE, Sarvet AL, Ying J, et al. JAMA Netw Open. 2023;6:e2314185.
Pneumonia is one of the most common healthcare-acquired infections and can result in significantly longer lengths of stay and increased costs. In this retrospective study of more than six million hospitalized Veterans Health Administration patients, approximately 1 in 200 patients developed non-ventilator-associated hospital-acquired pneumonia (NV-HAP). Length of stay and mortality were significantly higher for patients with NV-HAP.
Kepner S, Bingman C, Jones RM. Patient Saf. 2023;5:20-31.
Healthcare-associated infections remain a patient safety issue at long-term care facilities. Based on incident data from the Pennsylvania Patient Safety Reporting System (PA-PSRS), this analysis found that healthcare-associated infections in long-term care settings increased by 12.5% between 2021 and 2022; over half of this increase is due to an increase in respiratory and gastrointestinal infections.
Yackel EE, Knowles RS, Jones CM, et al. J Patient Saf. 2023;19:340-345.
The COVID-19 pandemic dramatically changed healthcare delivery and exacerbated threats to patient safety. Using Veterans Health Administration (VHA) National Center for Patient Safety data, this retrospective study characterized patient safety events related to COVID-19 occurring between March 2020 and February 2021. Delays in care and exposure to COVID-19 were the most common events and confusion over procedures, missed care, and failure to identify COVID-positive patients before exposures were the most common contributing factors.