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The PSNet Collection: All Content

The AHRQ PSNet Collection comprises an extensive selection of resources relevant to the patient safety community. These resources come in a variety of formats, including literature, research, tools, and Web sites. Resources are identified using the National Library of Medicine’s Medline database, various news and content aggregators, and the expertise of the AHRQ PSNet editorial and technical teams.

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Displaying 1 - 20 of 28 Results
Longo BA, Schmaltz SP, Williams SC, et al. Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf. 2023;49:511-520.
Supporting and improving clinician well-being has long been a safety focus and received renewed focus during the COVID-19 pandemic. This study sought to understand efforts undertaken to support clinicians’ well-being in Joint Commission-accredited hospitals and Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHC). Only half of responding hospitals and FQHCs reported implementing at least one action towards improving clinician well-being (e.g., establishing a wellness committee) and few had implemented a comprehensive approach.
Baker DW, Campbell R. Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf. 2019;45:589-590.
Testing process improvements prior to implementation can help identify and address potential unintended consequences on practice. This commentary explores how a quality improvement initiative seeking to reduce the opportunity for mistakes may have resulted in treatment delays.
Williams SC, Schmaltz SP, Castro GM, et al. Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf. 2018;44:643-650.
The Joint Commission identifies inpatient suicide as a sentinel event. Little is known about the epidemiology of hospital suicides other than that they are rare and occur mostly in psychiatry wards. Researchers examined two national databases to develop the first data-driven appraisal of hospital suicide rates. Nationally, between 49 and 65 hospital suicides occur each year. Nearly 75% happen during psychiatric treatment, and the most common means of death is hanging. This hospital suicide rate is an order of magnitude lower than prior estimates. An accompanying editorial raises concerns about the much larger epidemic of suicide immediately after psychiatric hospital discharge. A prior WebM&M commentary highlighted additional strategies to reduce hospital suicide risk.
Perspective on Safety February 1, 2017
… of teamwork, team training, and patient safety. … David P. Baker, PhD … Executive Vice President Center for Research, … BMJ Qual Saf. 2013;22:425-434. [go to PubMed] … David … Heidi … James … Baker … King … Battles … P. … B. … …
This piece outlines 10 insights about team training in health care learned from experience with the AHRQ-supported teamwork training program, TeamSTEPPS.
Dr. Edmondson is the Novartis Professor of Leadership and Management at Harvard Business School. She is an expert on leadership, teams, and organizational learning. We spoke with her about the role of teamwork in health care and why it is becoming increasingly important.
Shabot M, Chassin MR, France A-C, et al. Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf. 2016;42:6-17.
Following implementation of the web-based Targeted Solutions Tool in a 12-hospital health system, hand hygiene rates improved from a baseline rate of 58% to about 95%. Over the same period, rates of central line–associated bloodstream infections and ventilator-associated pneumonia both declined by more than 40%.
Chassin MR, Baker DW. JAMA. 2015;313:1795-6.
Professionalism in medicine is considered an essential component of safety culture, but efforts to monitor and address disruptive behaviors among physicians have not produced the desired outcomes. This commentary discusses the need for more explicit emphasis on building physician skills and attitudes to support zero harm, process improvement, high reliability, and commitment to excellence in all areas of medical care.
Chassin MR, Mayer C, Nether K. Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf. 2015;41:4-12.
Although appropriate handwashing has been identified as an essential factor in preventing health care–associated infections, hand hygiene rates remain unacceptably low at many hospitals. This quality improvement project aimed to achieve adherence to hand hygiene practices at eight hospitals using change management methods drawn from human factors engineering. Each hospital investigated and identified specific causes of noncompliance with handwashing and developed specific interventions to address these barriers. These individualized efforts yielded a significant improvement in handwashing behavior. The authors argue that allowing each site to tailor the intervention to the specific causes of noncompliance led to the sustained improvements. This study suggests that local improvement may be a fruitful method to enhance the proven but incompletely implemented practice of hand hygiene. A recent AHRQ WebM&M interview and perspective discuss ways to enhance hand hygiene adherence.
Baker DP, Amodeo AM, Krokos KJ, et al. Qual Saf Health Care. 2010;19:e49.
This study describes the development and validation of the TeamSTEPPS Teamwork Attitudes Questionnaire, a survey instrument designed to measure attitudes toward teamwork in health care delivery. The TeamSTEPPS teamwork training program was developed as a collaboration between the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality and the Department of Defense.
Gleason KM, McDaniel MR, Feinglass J, et al. J Gen Intern Med. 2010;25.
Discrepancies in patients' medications at the time of hospital admission are common. Performed at an academic medical center, this cohort study used a pharmacist-led medication reconciliation process to determine a "gold standard" medication list for newly admitted patients, identify discrepancies between patients' medication lists and the medications ordered by admitting physicians, and investigate risk factors for preventable medication errors. More than one-third of patients had at least one discrepancy, with elderly patients and patients with more complex medication regimens being at higher risk—factors also documented in prior research. Patients who presented their own medication list or pill bottles were at reduced risk. The medication reconciliation process used in this study is available as an online toolkit.
Baker DW, Wolf MS, Feinglass J, et al. Arch Intern Med. 2007;167:1503-9.
This prospective cohort study found increased mortality among elderly persons with poor health literacy, even after adjusting for confounding factors. Poor health literacy has previously been linked to inability to understand prescription drug labels.
Kripalani S, LeFevre F, Phillips CO, et al. JAMA. 2007;297:831-841.
Patients discharged from the hospital experience an unacceptably high rate of medical errors. Prior research suggests that suboptimal communication between hospital physicians and outpatient physicians could contribute to these problems. This study systematically reviewed the literature to determine the frequency of communication problems between physicians at hospital discharge and to identify interventions that ameliorated this problem. The investigators found that direct communication occurred rarely, and the primary means of communication (the dictated discharge summary) generally was not available in a timely fashion and often contained inadequate information for proper follow-up care. Based on this review, the authors provide suggestions for standardizing information transfer at discharge and improving the timeliness of communication.
Alonso A, Baker DP, Holtzman A, et al. Human Resource Management Review. 2006;16.
This article describes the development of the US Department of Defense's team training program for military health facilities, entitled TeamSTEPPS (Team Strategies and Tools to Enhance Performance and Patient Safety). The program was based on two prior military crew resource management (CRM) programs and prior evidence in the field and was adapted to address issues encountered in military facilities, including the rapid turnover of personnel and the need to adapt to the cultures of specific military services. The program consists of teaching core skills in leadership, situation monitoring, team support, and communication through an interactive curriculum stressing application to everyday scenarios. The article extensively reviews the challenges of implementing the program and future plans for disseminating and evaluating the training.