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The PSNet Collection: All Content

The AHRQ PSNet Collection comprises an extensive selection of resources relevant to the patient safety community. These resources come in a variety of formats, including literature, research, tools, and Web sites. Resources are identified using the National Library of Medicine’s Medline database, various news and content aggregators, and the expertise of the AHRQ PSNet editorial and technical teams.

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Displaying 1 - 20 of 128 Results
Lea W, Lawton R, Vincent CA, et al. J Patient Saf. 2023;19:553-563.
Organizational incident reporting allows for investigation of contributing factors and formation of improvement recommendations, but some recommendations are weak (e.g., staff training) and do not result in system change. This review found 4,579 recommendations from 11 studies, with less than 7% classified as "strong". There was little explanation for how the recommendations were generated or if they resulted in improvements in safety or quality of care. The authors contend additional research into how recommendations are generated and if they result in sustained improvement is needed.
Black GB, Lyratzopoulos G, Vincent CA, et al. BMJ. 2023;380:e071225.
Primary care often initiates a diagnostic process that is vulnerable to miscommunication, uncertainty, and delay. This commentary examines how cancer diagnosis delay in primary care occurs. The authors suggest a systems approach targeting interconnected process elements including enhanced use of information technology to help with monitoring and care coordination to realize and sustain improvement.
Wade C, Malhotra AM, McGuire P, et al. BMJ. 2022;376:e067090.
The role of healthcare disparities in patient safety is an emerging priority. This article summarizes disparities in preventable harm and outlines solutions to reducing inequalities in patient safety at the individual-, leadership-, and system-levels, such as identifying clear chains of accountability for adverse events and improving incident measurement and analysis specific to marginalized patient groups.
Amalberti R, Staines A, Vincent CA. Int J Qual Health Care. 2022;34:mzac006.
Leadership engagement is key to achieving patient safety goals. When it comes to improvement and innovation, healthcare organizations must balance multiple, sometimes conflicting, aims, such as cost, clinician wellbeing, and patient safety. This commentary outlines how healthcare organizations can manage multiple complex aims in relation to improvement and innovation projects. Four principles of managing multiple aims and five key strategies for practical action are described.
Wu AW, Vincent CA, Shapiro DW, et al. J Patient Saf Risk Manag. 2021;26:93-96.
… J Patient Saf Risk Manag … The July effect is a phenomenon that presumably results in poor care due to the … active, independent practice . The authors discuss how a systemic approach is required to situate these … to provide the safest care possible. … Wu AW, Vincent C, Shapiro DW, et al. Mitigating the July effect. J …
Vincent CA, Mboga M, Gathara D, et al. Arch Dis Child. 2021;106:333-337.
… Arch Dis Child … In the second of a two-part series , using examples from newborn units, the authors present a framework for supporting practitioners in low-resource … and (4) enhancing responses to hazardous situations. … Vincent CA, Mboga M, Gathara D, et al. Arch Dis Child.  Epub …
English M, Ogola M, Aluvaala J, et al. Arch Dis Child. 2021;106:326-332.
Health systems are encouraged to proactively identify patient safety risks. In the first of a two-part series, the authors draw on the  Systems Engineering Initiative for Patient Safety (SEIPS) framework  to discuss the strengths and challenge of a low-resource newborn unit from a systems perspective and SEIPS’ implications for patient safety.
Wu AW, Sax H, Letaief M, et al. J Patient Saf Risk Manag. 2020;25:137-141.
In this editorial, patient safety experts discuss threats to healthcare safety and quality due to the COVID-19 pandemic (e.g., failures in infection prevention and control, diagnostic errors, issues with laboratory testing) and highlight positive changes and opportunities, such as improved care coordination, supply chain innovations, accelerated learning, expansion of telemedicine, and prioritizing the safety and well-being of health care workers.
Wu AW, Buckle P, Haut ER, et al. J Patient Saf Risk Manag. 2020;25:93-96.
This editorial discusses priority areas for maintaining and promoting the well-being of the healthcare workforce during the COVID-19 pandemic. The authors discuss the importance of providing adequate personal protective equipment (PPE), supporting basic daily needs (e.g., provision of in-hospital food stores), ensuring frequent and visible communication, supporting mental and emotional well-being, addressing ethical concerns, promoting wellness, and showing gratitude for staff.
Staines A, Amalberti R, Berwick DM, et al. Int J Qual Health Care. 2021;33:mzaa050.
The authors of this editorial propose a five-step strategy for patient safety and quality improvement staff to leverage their skills to support patients, staff, and organizations during the COVID-19 pandemic. It includes (1) strengthening the system and environment, (2) supporting patient, family and community engagement and empowerment, (3) improving clinical care through separation of workflows and development of clinical decision support, (4) reducing harm by proactively managing risk for patients with and without COVID-19, and (5) enhancing and expanding the learning system to develop resilience.
Nawaz RF, Page B, Harrop E, et al. Arch Dis Child. 2020;105:446-451.
This analysis of 220 national incident data from England and Wales’ National Reporting and Learning System  sought to identify safety concerns experienced by children on long-term ventilation at home. The most common problems were with the equipment and devices (e.g., faulty or damaged equipment) or procedures and treatment (e.g. tracheostomy tube becomes dislodged). The reports clearly stated harm to the child in 41% of incidents, such as emergency tracheostomy change or hospital admission. Identified contributory factors involved the patients, staff performance, family caregivers, equipment, organizational, and environmental features.
Amelung D, Whitaker KL, Lennard D, et al. BMJ Qual Saf. 2019;29:198-208.
Despite many advances in cancer treatment, delays in cancer diagnosis cause substantial morbidity and mortality. System factors like difficulty obtaining appointments contribute to late cancer diagnoses. Timely cancer diagnosis also requires that patients and physicians communicate effectively about next steps in the workup of symptoms. This qualitative study recorded videos of patient–physician interactions and found that 31% of the time, doctors and patients did not align in their perception of the seriousness of a given symptom. The authors theorized that misalignment leads to missed follow-up testing and deterioration in patient–physician trust. A WebM&M commentary described how the cost of a diagnostic test led to a late diagnosis of colon cancer.
Higham H, Greig PR, Rutherford J, et al. BMJ Qual Saf. 2019;28:672-686.
Nontechnical skills, such as teamwork and communication, are critical to safe care delivery, but can be difficult to measure. This systematic review examined validated approaches for assessing nontechnical skills using direct observation. Researchers analyzed 118 articles that discussed 76 unique tools for measuring nontechnical skills. This wide range of instruments assessed individuals or teams in various health care settings, either in simulation or actual clinical practice. They identified substantial variability in how these approaches were validated and whether individual studies reported the usability of each tool. The authors spotlight the need for standardization in how to develop, test, and implement assessments of nontechnical skills. A related editorial discusses the findings of this systematic review in the context of previous research and advocates for future work to standardize assessment of nontechnical skills in health care.
Cecil E, Bottle A, Esmail A, et al. BMJ Qual Saf. 2018;27:965-973.
… by the Imperial College Mortality Surveillance System (a national hospital mortality surveillance system that … trusts. On average, mortality risk decreased after a trust received a mortality alert. However, the authors conclude that random …