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The PSNet Collection: All Content

The AHRQ PSNet Collection comprises an extensive selection of resources relevant to the patient safety community. These resources come in a variety of formats, including literature, research, tools, and Web sites. Resources are identified using the National Library of Medicine’s Medline database, various news and content aggregators, and the expertise of the AHRQ PSNet editorial and technical teams.

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Displaying 1 - 20 of 36 Results

McEvoy MD, Abernathy JH, 3rd. Anesthesiol Clin. 2023;41(4):xvii-xix;693-886.

Organizational, unit, and team culture affect the safety of surgical care. This special issue examines overarching principles, common practices, and practical actions that support safe perioperative processes and settings. Topics discussed include team dynamics, operating room design, and high reliability.

Rosen M, Dy SM, Stewart CM, et al. Making Healthcare Safer IV Series.  Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; July 2023. AHRQ Publication no. 23-EHC019-1.

Reducing preventable harm in healthcare settings remains a national priority. This report summarizes the results of the prioritization process used to identify patient safety practices meriting inclusion in the fourth installment of the Making Healthcare Safer (MHS) series (previous installments were published in 2001, 2013, and 2020). The fifteen-member Technical Expert Panel identified 27 priority patient safety practices for examination in the forthcoming report, including several practices that have not been covered in previous MHS reports (e.g., family/caregiver engagement, preventing non-ventilator associated pneumonia, supply chain disruption, high reliability, post-event communication programs).
Duffy C, Menon N, Horak D, et al. J Patient Saf. 2023;19:281-286.
Resiliency and proactive safety behaviors can improve safety in the perioperative environment. In this article, the authors describe safety attitudes of perioperative staff after participating in a proactive activity, One Safe Act (OSA). Most participants reported the OSA activity would change their work practices, improve their work unit's ability to deliver safe care, and demonstrate their colleagues' commitment to patient safety.
Duffy C, Menon N, Horak D, et al. JAMA Netw Open. 2023;6:e237621.
Safety-II is a proactive approach to improving patient safety by focusing on what goes right in healthcare. This study describes the use of a novel tool and activity, One Safe Act (OSA), to capture activities performed by perioperative staff that keep patients safe. Eight themes emerged, with the most common theme being routines the staff “always” performed, followed by confirming resource availability.
Khan A, Parente V, Baird JD, et al. JAMA Pediatr. 2022;176:776-786.
Parent or caregiver limited English proficiency (LPE) has been associated with increased risk of their children experiencing adverse events. In this study, limited English proficiency was associated with lower odds of speaking up or asking questions when something does not appear right with their child’s care. Recommendations for improving communication with limited English proficiency patients and families are presented.
Wallis CJD, Jerath A, Coburn N, et al. JAMA Surg. 2022;157:146-156.
Gender, racial, and ethnic disparities in healthcare can adversely impact patient safety and lead to poor outcomes. This retrospective study examined surgeon-patient sex discordance and perioperative outcomes among adult patients in Ontario, Canada, undergoing common elective or emergent surgical procedures from 2007 to 2019. Among 1.3 million patients, sex discordance between surgeon and patient was associated with a significant increased likelihood of adverse perioperative outcomes, including death. Subgroup analyses indicate that this relationship is driven by worse outcomes among female patients treated by male surgeons.
Duffy CC, Bass GA, Duncan JR, et al. J Patient Saf. 2022;18:16-25.
Incident reporting systems are central to most patient safety programs, but studies have identified barriers to effective use. This study used clinical vignettes describing a medication error or near miss to explore error awareness and attitudes towards reporting and disclosure among anesthesiologists. Approximately one-third of anesthesiologists recalled having had medication safety training. Perioperative medication error awareness and assessment of potential harm were variable, and the likelihood of patient disclosure and incident reporting was low. Education programs utilizing vignettes should be utilized to raise awareness about error reporting and disclosure behaviors.  
Franklin BJ, Gandhi TK, Bates DW, et al. BMJ Qual Saf. 2020;29:844–853.
Huddles are one technique to enhance team communication, identify safety concerns and built a culture of safety. This systematic review synthesized 24 studies examining the impact of either unit-based or hospital-wide/multiunit safety huddles. The majority of studies were uncontrolled pre-post study designs; only two studies were controlled and quantitatively measured intervention adoption and fidelity. Results for unit-based huddle programs appear positive. Given the limited number of studies evaluating hospital-wide huddle programs, the authors conclude that there is insufficient evidence to assess the benefit. Further research employing strong methodological designs is required to definitively assess the impact of huddle programs.
Winters BD, Bharmal A, Wilson RF, et al. Med Care. 2016;54:1105-1111.
The ability to use administrative data to measure patient safety is critical, because chart review is time-consuming and resource-intensive. The AHRQ Patient Safety Indicators (PSIs) and the CMS Hospital-acquired Conditions (HACs) aim to measure and track patient safety using administrative data. PSIs are often used for pay-for-performance, and CMS has a policy of nonpayment for hospitalizations associated with HACs. This systematic review found that PSIs and HACs have not been adequately validated compared to chart review and therefore may be subject to coding error. Establishing hospital quality or payment based on unvalidated metrics has consequences for patient safety efforts. These results suggest that unless further development and validation of administrative metrics occurs, widespread implementation of pay-for-performance efforts may not significantly improve patient safety.
Weick KE, Sutcliffe KM. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass; 2015. ISBN-13: 9781118862414.
According to Weick and Sutcliffe, high-reliability organizations operate under challenging conditions yet experience fewer problems than would be anticipated as they have developed ways of "managing the unexpected" better than most organizations. The authors, professors at the University of Michigan School of Business, use both case studies and theory-based analysis to explain the methods that result in organizational mindfulness, and, through it, a more robust culture of safety. This third edition of their classic text provides individual chapters on each of the five elements of high reliability and pays increased attention to the roles of interaction, sensemaking, and language in achieving more reliable performance under risky conditions.

Nash DB, Goldfarb NI, Patow C, eds. Acad Med. 2009;84:1641-1846.  

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