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The PSNet Collection: All Content

The AHRQ PSNet Collection comprises an extensive selection of resources relevant to the patient safety community. These resources come in a variety of formats, including literature, research, tools, and Web sites. Resources are identified using the National Library of Medicine’s Medline database, various news and content aggregators, and the expertise of the AHRQ PSNet editorial and technical teams.

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Displaying 1 - 9 of 9 Results
Kahwati LC, Sorensen A, Teixeira-Poit S, et al. Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf. 2019;45:231-240.
Labor and delivery is an inherently high-risk care setting. The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality adapted its Comprehensive Unit-based Safety Program, a best practice toolkit incorporating teamwork, human factors engineering principles, and simulation training, for labor and delivery. In this pre–post evaluation study, staff reported improved safety culture and teamwork. Obstetric trauma and primary cesarean delivery rates declined after the intervention, but neonatal birth trauma rates increased. The authors note that incomplete implementation and lack of sustained program participation observed in the study should be addressed in order to improve obstetric and neonatal care safety. A recent Annual Perspective emphasizes the rising rate of severe maternal morbidity and summarizes national initiatives to improve safety in maternity care.
Riley W, Begun JW, Meredith L, et al. Health Serv Res. 2016;51:2431-2452.
Prior research has shown that reducing preventable perinatal harm leads to a decrease in malpractice claims. In this prospective study involving the perinatal units across 14 hospitals from 12 states and accounting for almost 350,000 deliveries, researchers found that successful implementation of 3 standard care processes resulted in a 14% decrease in harm in perinatal care from the baseline period.
Riley W, Meredith LW, Price R, et al. Health Serv Res. 2016;51:2453-2471.
Improving patient safety provides an opportunity to reduce malpractice claims and associated costs, particularly in higher risk clinical areas such as obstetrics. This study examined medical malpractice claims and cost data in the perinatal units of hospitals before and after implementation of safety interventions focused on decreasing perinatal harm. Interventions consisted largely of standardizing best practices and implementing team training. Investigators found that improving perinatal safety led to substantial reductions in both the frequency and total cost of malpractice claims. The role that the medical liability system plays in driving up health care costs and in promoting the practice of defensive medicine—which can lead to adverse events through unnecessary tests and procedures—was highlighted in a past WebM&M commentary.
Kozhimannil KB, Sommerness SA, Rauk P, et al. Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf. 2013;39:339-48.
An inconvenient truth about the patient safety movement is that in many cases hospitals actually profit when errors occur. A recent study found that hospitals received greater net reimbursements for patients who experienced surgical complications compared with patients whose surgeries were uncomplicated. This study examined the financial impact of an effort to eliminate obstetric complications in a five-hospital health system. The project led to an 11% reduction in preventable adverse events, but hospital reimbursements decreased considerably as a result—meaning that although costs were saved, the hospitals' net revenues declined overall. This finding represents a classic case of misaligned incentives: the outcome was beneficial for payers and patients (who received higher quality care at lower cost) but not directly beneficial for hospitals (who shouldered the cost of implementing the intervention but lost revenue as a result). As the return on investment for safety interventions such as computerized provider order entry is marginal at best, payment system reform to align incentives will be necessary in order to improve the business case for safety.
Riley W, Liang BA, Rutherford W, et al. J Patient Saf. 2008;4.
The 2005 Patient Safety and Quality Improvement Act calls for creation of a national, voluntary error reporting system. This article discusses the scope and essential components of such a system, as well as what other industries can teach health care about error reporting systems.