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The PSNet Collection: All Content

The AHRQ PSNet Collection comprises an extensive selection of resources relevant to the patient safety community. These resources come in a variety of formats, including literature, research, tools, and Web sites. Resources are identified using the National Library of Medicine’s Medline database, various news and content aggregators, and the expertise of the AHRQ PSNet editorial and technical teams.

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Displaying 1 - 20 of 24 Results

Peard LM, Teplitsky S, Annabathula A, et al. Can J Urol. 2023;30(2):11467-11472.

Root cause analysis (RCA) is one tool commonly used to identify factors contributing to adverse events. Using RCA data from the Veterans Health Administration (VHA), this study characterized adverse events occurring during urologic procedures. The most common causes of adverse events were improperly functioning equipment (e.g., broken scopes or smoking light cords), wrong site surgeries, and retained surgical items.
Browne C, Crone L, O'Connor E. J Surg Educ. 2023;80:864-872.
While medical trainees and residents agree that disclosing errors to patients is important, they also perceive barriers to doing so. In this study, surgical trainees described factors influencing their decisions not to disclose errors despite their intention to do so. Even with formal communication trainings throughout the program, participants reported a lack of sufficient education in error disclosure. Workplace culture and role-modelling influenced their own disclosure practices both positively and negatively.
Curated Libraries
January 19, 2023
The Primary-Care Research in Diagnosis Errors (PRIDE) Learning Network was a Boston-based national effort to improve diagnostic safety. Hosted by the State of Massachusetts’ Betsy Lehman Center, it was led by the Harvard Brigham and Women’s Center for Patient Safety Research and Practice with funding from the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation. ...
Keller C. Health Aff (Millwood). 2022;41:1353-1356.
Communication failures due to hierarchy and silos create opportunities for adverse medication and treatment events. This narrative essay discusses gaps in care coordination that contributed to anticoagulant medication errors. The author outlines areas for improvement such as assignment of accountability for error and commitment to the learning health system as avenues for improvement.
Aaberg OR, Hall-Lord ML, Husebø SIE, et al. BMC Health Serv Res. 2021;21:114.
TeamSTEPPS is a patient safety intervention designed to improve teamwork and communication in healthcare settings. One Norwegian hospital utilized TeamSTEPPS to improve professional and organizational outcomes in the urology and gastrointestinal surgery ward. Twelve months after implementation, researchers observed sustained improvements in three patient safety culture dimensions and three teamwork dimensions. Further studies with larger same size and stronger study designs are warranted.
WebM&M Case August 10, 2019
Referred to urology for a 5-year history of progressive urinary frequency, nocturnal urination, and difficulty initiating a stream, a man had been reluctant to seek care for his symptoms because his father had a "miserable" experience with treatment for the same condition. A physician assistant saw him at that first visit and ordered a PSA test (despite the patient's expressed views against PSA testing) and cystoscopy (without explaining why it was needed), and urged the patient to self-catheterize (without any instructions on how to do so).
Gilliland N, Catherwood N, Chen S, et al. BMJ Open Qual. 2018;7:e000170.
Incomplete communication regarding patient information can diminish the safety of care delivery. This commentary describes how a quality improvement project applied plan–do–study–act cycles to enhance collection of patient data. Researchers developed, tested, and refined a ward round template in a United Kingdom urology service and increased compliance in the recording of patient care measures.
Sammon JD, Pucheril D, Abdollah F, et al. BJU Int. 2015;115:666-674.
This analysis of national hospital data found that while odds of overall mortality from urological surgery decreased, failure to rescue increased over time, with lower-income, older aged, and ethnic minority patients as predictors for higher risk. This work emphasizes the need to examine disparities in patient safety outcomes.
Parsons K, Messer K, Palazzi K, et al. JAMA Surg. 2014;149:845-51.
The increasing technological sophistication of hospital care has led to greater appreciation of the potential safety hazards posed by medical devices. This observational study used the AHRQ Patient Safety Indicators to examine whether the introduction of a new medical device, the da Vinci robot, led to a change in surgical processes or surgeon performance for a specific procedure, radical prostatectomy. The authors found that during initial adoption of the new technique and device, there was an increased risk of unsafe practice compared with the standard method of conducting radical prostatectomy. This finding emphasizes the need to create safety processes and monitoring when novel devices and procedures are introduced, given that voluntary reporting underestimates safety problems related to devices. A recent AHRQ WebM&M perspective discusses the challenges associated with ensuring medical device safety in the complex health care environment.
Reese AC, Sadetsky N, Carroll PR, et al. Cancer. 2011;117:283-9.
For many types of cancer, the extent of disease at diagnosis (i.e., the stage of the disease) predicts the ultimate prognosis. However, this analysis of patients newly diagnosed with prostate cancer found that clinicians erred in determining the clinical stage in more than one-third of cases. Overreliance on physical examination results, underemphasis of imaging results, and inappropriate application of biopsy results all appeared to contribute to misdiagnosis. Diagnostic errors have also been documented in the pathologic diagnosis of cancer.
WebM&M Case November 1, 2010
At two different hospitals, patients were instructed to continue home medications, even though their medication lists had errors that could have led to significant adverse consequences.
Carreyrou J.
This newspaper article discusses complications associated with surgical robots, and explains that such errors may have been exacerbated by inadequate clinician training and production pressures.
Rhodes P, Giles SJ, Cook GA, et al. Qual Saf Health Care. 2008;17:409-15.
Wrong-site surgery is a rare yet devastating outcome. Prevention strategies have focused on adoption of the Joint Commission's Universal Protocol and structured communication tools such as time outs. This study examined the impact of a national safety alert issued to all NHS hospital trusts in England and Wales about preventing wrong-site surgery. Investigators interviewed surgeons and senior nurses in the 12-15 months following the alert and discovered significant variation in the adoption of proposed recommendations. While the alert was associated with greater awareness and surgical marking of sites, the authors discuss the complex nature of change management around the new policy. A related commentary [see link below] discusses the broader context of efforts to eliminate wrong-site surgery. A past AHRQ WebM&M commentary discussed the factors contributing to a near-miss wrong-site surgery, and a recent commentary outlined the anatomy of a time out.
Suba EJ, Pfeifer JD, Raab SS. J Urol. 2007;178:1245-8.
This study summarizes the findings from three root cause analyses to highlight the challenges in preventing patient identification errors in surgical pathology specimens. The authors suggest the use of a time-out strategy that would reduce the risk of the wrong patient receiving radiation or surgical therapy.