Skip to main content

The PSNet Collection: All Content

The AHRQ PSNet Collection comprises an extensive selection of resources relevant to the patient safety community. These resources come in a variety of formats, including literature, research, tools, and Web sites. Resources are identified using the National Library of Medicine’s Medline database, various news and content aggregators, and the expertise of the AHRQ PSNet editorial and technical teams.

Search All Content

Search Tips
Save
Selection
Format
Download
Published Date
Original Publication Date
Original Publication Date
PSNet Publication Date
Search By Author(s)
Additional Filters
Approach to Improving Safety
Clinical Area
Safety Target
Displaying 41 - 60 of 18757 Results
Jensen JF, Ramos J, Ørom M‐L, et al. J Clin Nurs. 2023;32:7530-7542.
Crisis (or crew) resource management (CRM) training focuses on improvement of non-technical skills such as communication, teamwork, and situational awareness. This quality improvement project consisted of simulation-based CRM training in the context of intensive care unit admission. Interviews with participants, conducted three months after the simulation, revealed several themes including reflections on patient safety. Participants described positive changes in workflow, professional standards, and smoother and controlled processes.

Graedon T. People’s Pharmacy.  Show 1355. September 8, 2023.

Misdiagnosis continues to impact the safety of health care. This podcast with David Newman-Toker discusses foundational issues that detract from diagnostic safety and examines how teamwork, training, technology, tuning can make the process more reliable. Strategies for patients to play a role in their diagnostic process are also discussed.
Amick AE, Schrepel C, Bann M, et al. Acad Med. 2023;98:1076-1082.
Disruptive behaviors, including experiencing or witnessing coworker conflict, can lead to staff burnout and adverse events. In this study, emergency medicine and internal medicine physicians reported on conflicts with other physicians they'd experienced in the workplace. Participants reported feeling demoralized and burnt out after a conflict and brought those feelings to future interactions, priming the situation for additional conflict.
Rapp T, Sicsic J, Tavassoli N, et al. Eur J Health Econ. 2023;24:1085-1100.
Potentially inappropriate prescribing in long-term care facilities increases the risk of adverse drug events and other adverse outcomes, including increased healthcare costs. Based on a secondary data analysis from the Systematic Dementia Screening by Multidisciplinary Team Meetings in Nursing Homes for Reducing Emergency Department Transfers (IDEM) randomized trial, this study found that increases in potentially inappropriate prescribing increased residents’ risk of going to the emergency room and increased total medication spending.

World Health Organization.

The sharing of best practices is a key component of enabling successful strategy implementation in support of patient safety plans and goals. This website will capture, organize, and share experiences worldwide to support knowledge sharing and community building to reduce World Patient Safety Day targeted challenges.
Imes CC, Tucker SJ, Trinkoff AM, et al. Nurs Adm Q. 2023;47:E38-E53.
Extended and overnight shifts are associated with higher adverse event rates and burnout. This mini review summarizes the impact of overnight shifts on nurses' health, patient and public safety, and organizational costs (e.g., those related to nurse turnover). Organizational strategies to promote nurses' health and reduce errors are also summarized, ranging from low-cost measures such as breaks for physical activity during the shift to high-cost measures such as referral to sleep specialists or paid transportation home.
van Sassen C, Mamede S, Bos M, et al. BMC Med Educ. 2023;23:474.
Clinical reasoning is an important component of medical education. In this study, first-year general practice residents concluded that diagnostic error cases, both with and without malpractice claim information, are equally effective for clinical reasoning education.
Kane J, Munn L, Kane SF, et al. J Gen Intern Med. 2023;Epub Sept 5.
Clinicians and staff are encouraged to speak up about safety concerns as a part of patient safety culture. This review had two aims: to review the literature on speaking up for patient safety, and to develop a single definition of "speaking up" in healthcare. 294 articles were identified with 51 directly focused on speaking up and the remaining on other aspects such as communication. 11 distinct definitions were identified from which the authors developed a single definition: a healthcare professional identifying a concern that might impact patient safety and using his or her voice to raise the concern to someone with the power to address it.
Choi JJ, Rosen MA, Shapiro MF, et al. Diagnosis (Berl). 2023;Epub Aug 11.
Teamwork is increasingly seen as an important component of diagnostic excellence. Through a systematic review and observations of team dynamics in a hospital medical ward, researchers identified three areas requiring additional research- (1) team structure, (2) contextual factors, and (3) emergent states (e.g., shared mental models).
Samuelson-Kiraly C, Mitchell JI, Kingston D, et al. Healthc Manage Forum. 2023;Epub Aug 30.
The threat of cybersecurity risks to patient safety is receiving increasing attention. This article describes the development of a new standard to support cyber resiliency in Canada’s healthcare system. The guidance addresses key areas of concern (e.g., organizational risk management, technology considerations, contingency planning), provides suggested roles and responsibilities for an organizational cybersecurity team, and emphasizes the importance of cyber incident response planning.

Peterson M. Los Angeles Times. September 5, 2023.

Safe practice in community pharmacy is challenged by production pressure, workforce shortages, and multitasking. This story examined the mistakes made at major retail pharmacy chains in California. It provides examples perpetrated across the industry to target universal areas of needed improvement and potential strategies to address them.

The Daisy Foundation and Institute for Healthcare Improvement.

Nurses have a fundamental role in safe care delivery by fostering a healthy work environment. This award recognizes nurses that exhibit compassion, patient and family centeredness, and a commitment to workplace safety. The award will be presented at annual IHI Patient Safety Congress. The award nomination process for 2023 closes on December 3.

Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality: September 2023.

Patient safety progress is dynamic, consistently producing evidence for application to generate improvements. This report is the fourth in a series funded by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality to track a prioritized set of emerging and existing safety approaches to confirm their value and effectiveness. This report will be compiled as new conclusions are formulated. Each review will be posted to the collection as they are completed. The first three Making Healthcare Safer reports, published in 2001, 2013, and 2020, have each served as a consolidated evidence source for clinicians, health system leadership, researchers, and government agencies. Chapter protocols and the results of an examination of harms associated with video-based telehealth are now available. 
Bell SK, Harcourt K, Dong J, et al. BMJ Qual Saf. 2023;Epub Aug 21.
Patient and family engagement is essential to effective and safe diagnosis. OurDX is a previsit online engagement tool to help identify opportunities to improve diagnostic safety in patients and families living with chronic conditions. In this study, researchers implemented OurDX in specialty and primary care clinics at two academic healthcare organizations and examined the potential safety issues and whether patient/family contributions were integrated into the post-visit notes. Qualitative analysis of 450 OurDX reports found that participants contributed important information about the diagnostic process. Participants with diagnostic concerns were more likely to raise concerns about the diagnostic process (e.g., access barriers, problems with tests/referrals, communication breakdowns), which may represent diagnostic blind spots.
Yartsev A, Yang F. Simul Healthc. 2023;18:279-282.
Intensive care units (ICUs) are complex care environments at high risk for medical errors. In this retrospective study, researchers identified the occurrence of common ICU scenarios and skills during code blue events and measured trainees’ self-reported confidence in these skills. The analysis found that more than 25% of trainees reported low levels of confidence in three scenarios – familiarity with the advanced life support trolley, electrocardiogram strip interpretation, and operation of an external defibrillator. This process of integrating critical incident data with trainee self-assessment can be generalized to other clinical scenarios to create targeted education and simulation curriculum.
Brown CE, Snyder CR, Marshall AR, et al. J Gen Intern Med. 2023;Epub Aug 24.
Structural racism continues to perpetuate health disparities. As part of their study on how black patients with serious illness experience racism from providers, researchers conducted interviews with 21 providers to understand ways they address anti-Black racism in their practice. Providers felt unprepared to address racism with their patients, wanted to provide tools for patients to bring up their experiences while also acknowledging the additional burden this would place on Black patients, and thought patient- and provider-facing programs could facilitate discussions. Additionally, despite extensive research on the negative impacts of structural racism on health, participants cited the need for more data.
Magerøy MR, Braut GS, Macrae C, et al. BMC Health Serv Res. 2023;23:880.
Ensuring staff have a safe work environment and patients receive safe care are separate but complementary goals. This study describes how elected politicians and healthcare leaders balance workplace safety regulations and patient quality and safety goals in long-term care facilities. Tensions between the groups were identified (e.g., where leaders see flexibility, elected leaders see vagueness). Study themes include creating and improving channels for communication, and clear delineation of roles and responsibilities.
Wallin A, Ringdal M, Ahlberg K, et al. Scand J Caring Sci. 2023;37:414-423.
Numerous factors can hinder safe radiology practices, such as communication failures and image interpretation errors. Based on semi-structured interviews with 17 radiologists in Sweden, this study identified 20 themes at the individual-, organization-, technology-, task-and environment-levels describing factors supporting patient safety in radiology. Factors described by participants included the use of standardized tools and work routines (e.g., checklists), handoffs, and incident reporting systems.
Rao A, Pang M, Kim J, et al. J Med Internet Res. 2023;25:e48659.
Interest in testing ChatGPT as a clinical tool is increasing. This study asked ChatGPT to provide a differential diagnosis, diagnostic testing, final diagnosis, and care management for 36 previously published clinical vignettes. ChatGPT had an overall accuracy of 72%, with the highest level of accuracy at the final diagnosis stage (77%).