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Soncrant C, Mills PD, Pendley Louis RP, et al. J Patient Saf. 2021;17:e821-e828.
Using data from the Veterans Health Administration National Center for Patient Safety, this retrospective study found that suicide and opioid overdose are the most serious healthcare-related adverse events affecting homeless veterans. Identified root causes include issues related to risk assessment for suicidal or overdose behaviors as well as poor interdisciplinary communication and coordination of care.
Warm EJ, Ahmad Y, Kinnear B, et al. Acad Med. 2021;96:1268-1275.
Technical and procedural skills are an important emphasis of medical training. This article briefly summarizes the “as low as reasonably achievable” (ALARA) approach, which was developed for the nuclear industry and has been used in radiology. The authors outline how ALARA risk standards can be adapted by training program directors to measure procedural competency and assess and reduce bedside procedural risks.

AHA Team Training and Project Firstline. Chicago, IL: American Hospital Association, Center for Disease Control and Prevention; July 2021.

Problems in communication are common contributors to patient care mistakes. This toolkit draws from experience with the TeamSTEPPS model to highlight best practices in the use of huddles, debriefs and other teamwork improvement strategies.
Langevin M, Ward N, Fitzgibbons C, et al. Simul Healthc. 2022;17:e51-e58.
Prior research has found that simulation-based event analysis (SBEA) can identify novel sources of error as well as generate creative strategies for error prevention. In this study, researchers found that simulation can optimize SBEA-generated recommendations and that it provides opportunity to test the intervention in real-life settings before widespread implementation.
Institute for Safe Medication Practices.
These educational programs with the Institute for Safe Medication Practices (ISMP) are for clinicians who wish to expand their practical knowledge of medication error prevention. The application process for the 2022-2023 fellowships has closed.
Urman RD, Seger DL, Fiskio JM, et al. J Patient Saf. 2021;17:e76-e83.
Harm from opioids is a widely recognized patient safety issue, and potential harm associated with short-term use is a growing area of concern. This analysis of a previously opioid-free surgical population identified a high rate of potential opioid-related adverse drug events (ORADEs); risk was strongly associated with route and duration of post-operative opioid administration. The presence of an ORADE was associated with longer postoperative length of stay, higher hospitalization costs, lower odds of discharge home, and higher odds of death.
Tzeng H-M, Jansen LS, Okpalauwaekwe U, et al. J Nurs Care Qual. 2021;36:327-332.
Patient falls are an ongoing patient safety concern, yet mitigating falls among inpatients remains challenging. This article describes one nursing home’s experience adapting the Fall TIPS program for use in their patient population. The program, which emphasizes tailored fall-prevention and patient-family engagement, resulted in a decrease in the rate of falls and injuries.
Dykes PC, Lowenthal G, Faris A, et al. J Patient Saf. 2021;17:56-62.
Failure to rescue – the lack of adequate response to patient deterioration – has been associated with adverse patient outcomes, particularly in acute care settings. This article describes two health systems’ efforts to implement in-hospital Clinical Monitoring System Technology (CMST) which positively impacted failure-to-rescue events. The authors identified barriers and facilitators to CMST use, which informed the development of an implementation toolkit addressing readiness, implementation, patient/family introduction, champions, and troubleshooting. 

The Leapfrog Group.

Examination of diagnostic failure and identification of reduction strategies require multidisciplinary expertise to be successful. This collaborative initiative will initially develop educational materials to inform health care organization adoption of diagnostic improvement best practices. Building on that experience, a survey component to complement the Leapfrog annual survey will be developed to enhance measurement and motivate improvement.
Lee M, Lee N-J, Seo H-J, et al. West J Nurs Res. 2021;43:972-983.
Patients and families are essential partners in identifying and preventing safety events. In this systematic review, the authors found that information-based interventions (e.g., videos, offline classes) promoting patient and family engagement in patient safety were mostly effective. The effectiveness of interventions involving both information and involvement (e.g., use of decision aids to determine care plan) strategies was inconsistent.  
Chen A, Wolpaw BJ, Vande Vusse LK, et al. Acad Med. 2021;96:75-82.
Quality improvement and patient safety (QIPS) training is increasingly being incorporated into formal medical education. This article describes an integrated framework for QIPS training for internal medicine residents focused on four areas: (1) culture of safety, (2) strategies for investigating events and tracking improvements, (3) reporting and presenting events, and (4) improvement work. This specialty-agnostic framework allows for integration across graduate medical education (GME) specialties and can serve as a model for other institutions.  
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality.
Surveys are established mechanisms for organizational assessment of safety culture. This collection of webinars provides an overview of the AHRQ Surveys on Patient Safety Culture™ (SOPS®) and a range of content related to the successful use of the surveys. Topics covered include organizational characteristics required for successful web-based distribution of the survey and best practices for formatting, programming, and administering the surveys in a variety of environments. 
Sigal A, Shah A, Onderdonk A, et al. Pain Med. 2021;22:499-505.
Reducing opioid-related overdoses and deaths is a national patient safety priority. This study analyzed the impact of implementing three quality improvement interventions on the opioid prescribing practices of emergency providers at one hospital – the implementation of a prescription drug monitoring program, clinical education on alternatives to opioids, and electronic health record (EHR) process changes. Findings indicate that these three approaches can decrease the amount of opioids prescribed in an acute ED setting.
Ash JS, Corby S, Mohan V, et al. J Amer Med Inform Assoc. 2021;28:294-302.
The use of medical scribes for electronic health record (EHR) documentation is one strategy to shift the burden of documentation away from clinicians. Using interviews and direct observations, the authors explored the effects of scribes on patient safety. Participants did not perceive significant patient safety risks with scribes and highlighted the positive effects scribes have on documentation efficiency, quality, and safety.

Washington DC; National Quality Forum: October 6, 2020.

With input from a stakeholder committee, the National Quality Forum identified recommendations for the practical application of the Diagnostic Process and Outcomes domain of the 2017 Measurement Framework  for measuring and improving diagnostic error and patient safety. The committee developed four ‘use cases’ (missed subtle clinical findings; communication failures; information overload; and dismissed patients) reflecting high priority examples of diagnostic error that can result in patient harm. The report includes comprehensive, broad-scope, actionable, and specific recommendations for implementing quality improvement activities to engage patients, educate clinicians, leverage technology, and support a culture of safety with the goal of reducing diagnostic errors. 
Meyer AND, Upadhyay DK, Collins CA, et al. Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf. 2021;47:120-126.
Efforts to reduce diagnostic error should include educational strategies for improving diagnosis. This article describes the development of a learning health system around diagnostic safety at one large, integrated health care system. The program identified missed opportunities in diagnosis based on clinician reports, patient complaints, and risk management, and used trained facilitators to provide feedback to clinicians about these missed opportunities as learning opportunities. Both facilitators and recipients found the program to be useful and believed it would improve future diagnostic safety. 
Pulia M, Wolf I, Schulz L, et al. West J Emerg Med. 2020;21:1283-1286.
Antimicrobial stewardship is one strategy to improve antibiotic use to reduce hospital-acquired infections. In this editorial, the authors discuss negative effects of COVID-19 on antimicrobial resistance and antibiotic stewardship in the emergency department (ED) and approaches for optimizing ED stewardship during the pandemic.  

VHA Forum. Summer 2020;1-12.

High reliability attainment is a stated goal for health care organizations. This special issue covers established initiatives at the United States Veterans Health Administration that draw from high reliability principles to improve care. Topics covered include evaluation priorities, safe patient handling and diagnostic safety.