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1 - 20 of 23

Uhl S, Siddique SM, McKeever L, et al. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; October 2021.  AHRQ Publication No. 21(22)-EHC035.

Patient malnutrition is an underrecognized threat to patient safety. This report provides a comprehensive evidence analysis on the patient malnutrition literature, the relationship of in-hospital malnutrition to patient harm across patient groups and tactics for measurement of the problem to design and assess the impact of interventions.

Bajaj K, de Roche A, Goffman D. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; September 2021. AHRQ Publication No. 20(21)-0040-6-EF.

Maternal safety is threatened by systemic biases, care complexities, and diagnostic issues. This issue brief explores the role of diagnostic error in maternal morbidity and mortality, the preventability of common problems such as maternal hemorrhage, and the importance of multidisciplinary efforts to realize improvement. The brief focuses on events occurring during childbirth and up to a week postpartum.

National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press; 2021.

Misdiagnosis of severe cardiovascular events is a primary concern to the diagnostic safety community due to its prevalence and potential for harm. This report summarizes a session discussion on the existing evidence base on improving diagnosis for these conditions and explore opportunities for improvement.

Passiment M, Wagner R, Weiss KB for the Pursuing Excellence in Clinical Learning Environments: Pathway Leaders Patient Safety Collaborative. Chicago, IL: Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education. September 30, 2020. ISBN: 978-1-945365-36-2.

The clinical learning environment (CLE) situates the development of safety behaviors in resident and fellow physicians, students, and staff. This report highlights results of an 18-month collaborative to design tactics that engage resident and fellows in patient safety work through event analysis. Lessons learned supporting success include assessment of the learner experience and dedication of time to enable participation.   

Herd P, Moynihan D. Health Affairs Health Policy Brief. October 2, 2020.

The crossover of health equity concepts to patient safety has emerged as a consideration for improvement. This policy brief examines how administrative burdens can separate patients from the care they need and calls for increased attention to the problem.  

Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; August 2020. AHRQ Pub. No. 20-0048.

AHRQ has released the Network of Patient Safety Databases (NPSD) Chartbook 2020, which offers an overview of nonidentifiable, aggregated patient safety event and near-miss information, voluntarily reported by AHRQ-listed Patient Safety Organizations across the country between July 2012 and December 2019. The chartbook outlines the extent of harm reported, distribution of patient safety events, near misses, and unsafe conditions. This iteration of the chartbook contains an additional 619,111 reports not included in the prior NSPD chartbook.  

Smith KM, Hunte HE, Graber ML. Rockville MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; August 2020. AHRQ Publication No. 20-0040-2-EF.

Telehealth is becoming a standard care mechanism due to COVID-19 concerns. This special issue brief discusses telediagnosis, shares system and associate factors affecting its reliability, challenges in adopting this mode of practice, and areas of research needed to fully understand its impact.   
Maxwell J, Bourgoin A, Crandall J. Rockville, MD : Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; 2020.
Project RED re-engineered discharge with the goal of reducing preventable readmissions. This report summarizes an Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality project to transfer the Project RED experience to the primary care environment. Areas of focus included enhancing the team leader role of primary care physicians in post-discharge care.

Famolaro T, Hare R, Thornton S, et al. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; January 2020. AHRQ Publication No. 20-0016.

The latest publication from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) reports results of 282 ambulatory surgery centers (ASC) participating in the Surveys on Patient Safety Culture (SOPS) Ambulatory Surgery Center Survey. The majority of respondents (86%) rated their organization’s overall safety rating as excellent or very good.
Sheridan S, Merryweather P, Rusz D, et al. Washington, DC: National Academy of Medicine; 2020.
Safety initiatives can be enhanced by engaging patients in the development process. This report highlights one project as an example of how to involve patients as partners in diagnostic improvement research projects. The program resulted in a curriculum that prepared patients to participate as team members in diagnostic improvement studies.
Research NI for H. Southampton, UK: NIHR Dissemination Centre. 2019.
Patient feedback is a problematic source of patient safety improvement information. This report shares results from nine patient feedback studies in the United Kingdom. Gaps found in the mechanisms reviewed include lack of effective application of data collected and sharing the feedback with frontline staff to improve their practice.
Wears R, Sutcliffe K. New York, NY: Oxford University Press; 2019. ISBN: 9780190271268.
The modern patient safety movement has struggled to achieve the goals set forth in To Err Is Human. This book surveys the evolution of the collective error reduction effort in health care. The authors analyze the experience through social, legal, market, psychological and medical practice trends. They submit that the clinician-driven focus of improvement is reducing the momentum needed for lasting change. The publication provides recommendations to generate the improvement needed do minimize patient harm, notably the involvement of safety scientists.
London, UK: Royal College of Surgeons of England; 2019.
Introducing innovations in practice involves taking calculated risks. To ensure patient safety, new techniques should be accompanied by training, oversight, and heightened awareness of the learning curve. This book provides a framework to guide the design and introduction of new surgical procedures into regular practice. It includes recommendations for auditing, cost assessment, and effectiveness review.
Hochman M, Bourgoin A, Saluja S, et al. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; March 2019. AHRQ Publication No. 18(19)-0055-EF.
Programs are in place to address hospital discharge process gaps that contribute to readmissions. This report summarizes research on primary care perspectives on reducing readmissions. Interventions identified include automated alerting to primary care providers when patients are hospitalized and the patient-centered medical home model.

Lau F, Bartle-Clar JA, Bliss G, et al, eds. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2019;257:1-539. ISBN: 9781614999508.

Information technology is prevalent in health care and is associated with both optimized processes and unintended consequences. This publication is a compilation of papers from an international conference that explored the potential of health information technology and the research needed to achieve success. Topics covered include usability, implementation, interoperability, and policy.
Jha AK, Iliff AR, Chaoui AA, et al. Waltham, MA: Massachusetts Medical Society, Massachusetts Health and Hospital Association, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, and Harvard Global Health Institute; 2019.
Clinician well-being affects the safety of the care environment. This publication suggests that the ramifications of physician burnout are a public health concern. The report provides an overview of the burnout crisis and recommends strategies to address the problem, including mental health initiatives, electronic health record enhancements, and appointment of chief wellness officers.
Lorincz CY, Drazen E, Sokol PE, et al. Chicago, IL: American Medical Association; 2011.
Although traditionally the majority of patient safety efforts have focused on inpatient care, the overwhelming bulk of health care actually takes place in the ambulatory setting. Accordingly, the scope of widespread documented adverse events among outpatients is vast. Updating a previous report, this publication analyzes efforts to improve patient safety in ambulatory care over the past decade and identifies gaps that future research should address. Dr. Richard Baron discusses patient safety in the office setting in an AHRQ WebM&M perspective.
Valdez RS, Ramly E, Brennan PF. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; May 2010. AHRQ Publication No. 10-0079-EF.
This workshop report explores why efforts to apply industrial and systems engineering (ISyE) knowledge to health care have been generally unsuccessful and suggests a research and action agenda using ISyE knowledge to create an ideal health care delivery system.