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Bulliard J‐L, Beau A‐B, Njor S, et al. Int J Cancer. 2021;149:846-853.
Overdiagnosis of breast cancer and the resulting overtreatment can cause physical, emotional, and financial harm to patients. Analysis of observational data and modelling indicates overdiagnosis accounts for less than 10% of invasive breast cancer in patients aged 50-69. Understanding rates of overdiagnosis can assist in ascertaining the net benefit of breast cancer screening.
Naseralallah LM, Hussain TA, Jaam M, et al. Int J Clin Pharm. 2020;42:979-994.
Pediatric patients are particularly vulnerable to medication errors. In this systematic review, the authors evaluated the evidence on the effectiveness of clinical pharmacist interventions on medication error rates in hospitalized pediatric patients. Results of a meta-analysis found that pharmacist involvement was associated with a significant reduction in the overall rate of medication errors in this population.
Haghani M, Bliemer MCJ, Goerlandt F, et al. Safety Sci. 2020;129:104806.
This review discusses the most common research on COVID-19 and safety issues to date (e.g., occupational safety of heath professionals, patient transport safety) and identifies several safety issues attributable to the pandemic which have been relatively understudied, including issues around supply-chain safety and occupational safety of non-healthcare essential workers.
Luo M, Guo L, Yu M, et al. Psychiatry Res. 2020;291:113190.
This meta-analysis of the psychological and mental impacts of COVID-19 among healthcare workers, patients at increased risk for the virus, and the general public found that anxiety and depression among all individuals was common. For example, over half of patients with pre-existing conditions and COVID-19 infection reported anxiety or depression.
Nair SC, Satish KP, Al Maini M, et al. Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf. 2020;46.
This article briefly summarizes a multicenter retrospective cross-sectional analysis of 44 clinical trials conducted from 2009-2019 in the United Arab Emirates to assess the degree to which the trials optimized patient safety and care coordination. Clinical trial materials generally contained safety-related information but trial participants were not advised to inform their primary care doctors about trial participation and trials did not routinely use hospital information systems to communicate with physicians about patient participation in clinical trials. This lack of care coordination between clinical trial and healthcare settings should be targeted to improve patient safety.