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Preckel B, ed. Best Pract Res Clin Anaesthesiol. 2021;35(1):1-154.

The field of anesthesiology has realized impressive improvements in safety, yet challenges still exist in its practice. This special issue provides discussions on a variety of concerns that require continued effort, including use of early warning scores, differences associated with sex and gender, and use of incident reporting systems.

J Nurs Manag. 2020;28(8): i-iv, 1767-2275.

Incomplete nursing care is known to affect care quality and safety. This special issue documents the global problem of missed or rationed nursing care in a variety of settings and countries. Articles featured in this special issue examine systemic issues, explore interventions, and evaluate measurement tools.

Ruskin KJ, ed. Curr Opin Anaesthesiol.  2020;33(6):774-822.

The complexity of care delivery requires complementary approaches to prevent mistakes. This special section shares clinical and organizational tactics to address anesthesiology safety issues. They include automation failures, the role of the obstetric anesthesiologist in maternal safety, and monitoring effectiveness. 

Diagnosis (Berl)2020;7(4):345-411.

COVID-19 is a novel coronavirus that harbors a variety of diagnostic, treatment, and management hurdles. This special issue covers a variety of clinical topics including optimal diagnostic methods, near misses, and diagnostic accuracy.   
J Patient Saf. 2020;16:s1-s56.
The patient safety evidence base has been growing exponentially for two decades with noted expansion into the non-acute care environment. This special issue highlights eight articles illustrating the range of practices examined in the AHRQ Making Healthcare Safer III report, including rapid response teams and failure to rescue, deprescribing practices and opioid stewardship.   

VHA Forum. Summer 2020;1-12.

High reliability attainment is a stated goal for health care organizations. This special issue covers established initiatives at the United States Veterans Health Administration that draw from high reliability principles to improve care. Topics covered include evaluation priorities, safe patient handling and diagnostic safety.

Durning S, Holmboe E, Graber ML, eds. Diagnosis(Berl). 2020;7(3):151-344.

Challenges to effective clinical reasoning reduce diagnostic accuracy. This special issue provides background for a new approach to clinical reasoning: situativity. The articles explore the four complementary facets of the concept -- situated cognition; distributed cognition; embodied cognition; and ecological psychology – and describes how situativity can enhance diagnosis through a holistic approach to education, assessment, and research.    

Auerbach AD, Bates DW, Rao JK, et al, eds. Ann Intern Med. 2020;172(11_Supp):S69-S144.

Research and error reporting are important strategies to uncover problems in health system performance. This special issue highlights vendor transparency and context as important areas of focus to ensure electronic health records (EHR) research and reporting help improve system reliability. The articles cover topics such as a framework for research reporting, design of randomized controlled trials for technology studies, and designing research on patient portal enhancement.

Int J Qual Health Care. 2020;32(Supp1):1-105.

Quality and safety are often intertwined in large improvement efforts. This special issue outlies the results of a 5-year examination of 32 hospitals across Australia and its territories. The culture of organizations, assessing that culture from the leadership, patient and clinician perspectives and adopting a “Safety II” approach can impact conditions that affect quality and safety.

Nicklin W, Hughes L, eds. Patient Safety. Healthc Q. 2020;22(Sp2):1-128.

Articles in this special issue report on initiatives undertaken by the Canadian National Patient Safety Consortium with a focus on the effect patient partnerships on initiative priority areas including never events, safety culture and homecare safety improvements.
Feldman SS, Brazil V, Zengul FD, et al, eds. Health Syst (Basingstoke). 2019;8(3):153-227.
Informatics and simulation are core contributors to the reduction of medical system failures. This special issue examined how these ideas merge to create opportunities for improvement. Care management and adverse incident prevention are two areas of focus explored in the issue.   

Halamek LP, ed. Semin Perinatol. 2019;43(8):151172-151182.
 

The neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) is a complex environment that serves a vulnerable population at increased risk for harm should errors occur. This special issue draws from a multidisciplinary set of authors to explore patient safety issues arising in the NICU. Included in the issue are articles examining topic such as video assessment, diagnostic error, and human factors engineering in the NICU.
Ann Intern Med. 2019;171(7_Suppl):s1-s82.
The States Targeting Reduction in Infections via Engagement (STRIVE) initiative was 3-year hospital-based program using a multimodal, evidence-based intervention targeted at reducing healthcare-associated infections (HAI) and strengthening state-hospital relationships to improve infection control efforts. The intervention recruited hospitals with a high burden of HAI; a total of 337 hospitals across 23 states and the District of Columbia participated in the program. The STRIVE intervention consistent of four components: (1) baseline assessment of each participating hospital conducted by a state partner, (2) tiered approach to HAI prevention, (3) educational content, and (4) on-site technical assistance. PubMed citations Central-line Associated Blood Stream Infection (CLABSI) Over the three-year study period, no substantial reduction in CLABSI rates were observed; unadjusted rates decreased from 0.88 to 0.80 infections per 1,000 catheter-days. The authors did observe reductions in central-line catheter use during the study period (24.05 to 22.07 central line-days per 100 patient-days); however, this trend was also documented in the pre-intervention period. Catheter-Associated Urinary Tract Infection (CAUTI) Baseline CAUTI rates at participating hospitals were low. Over the three-year study period, the unadjusted CAUTI rate decreased slightly; unadjusted rates decreased from 1.12 to 1.04 infections per 1,000 catheter-days. Unadjusted urinary catheter use decreased from 21.46 to 19.83 catheter-days per 100 patient-days. Clostridioides Difficile Infection (CDI) The authors observed a statistically significant reduction in Clostridioides difficile infection (CDI) over the three-year period, from 7.0 cases days to 5.7 cases per 10,000 patient-days. However, these decreases mirrored national trends in CDI reduction and are likely attributed to recent emphasis on CDI clinical guidelines, mandated CDI reporting, and the inclusion in value-based purchasing, rather than the STRIVE intervention. Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA) Infection. Baseline MRSA rates at participating hospitals were low. Over the three-year period, the unadjusted MRSA rate decreased slightly from 0.075 to 0.071 cases per 1,000 patient-days. State Partner Relationships and HAI Prevention Efforts While STRIVE did not result in quantitative improvements in CAUDI, CLABSI, CDI or MRSA rates, the initiative did strengthen relationships between hospitals and state health departments. Through the baseline assessment, state partners were able to identify gaps in HAI prevention efforts and opportunities to improve partner-hospital relationships. State partners also reported improvements in hospital-level prevention activities over the three-year period, as well as improvements to state partner-hospital relationships.

Main EK, Fowler JM, Gabbe SG, eds. Clin Obstet Gynecol. 2019;62:vii-xii,403-626.

Obstetrics is a high-risk practice that concurrently manages the safety of mothers and newborns. Articles in this special issue discuss how to address burnout and support resilience in obstetrics and gynecology care. Tactics covered include bundles, checklists, and collaboratives.
Woeltje KF, Olenski LK, Donatelli M, et al. Joint Commission journal on quality and patient safety. 2019;45:480-486.
The Eisenberg Award honors individuals and organizations who have made important contributions to patient safety and quality improvement. Spotlighting the accomplishments of the 2018 recipients, this special issue includes an interview with Dr. Brent C. James, as well as articles on programs at The Society of Thoracic Surgeons and BJC HealthCare.
Catchpole K, Bisantz A, Hallbeck S, et al. Applied ergonomics. 2019;78:270-276.
Surgery requires specialized approaches to understand and prevent failure. This special issue features the work of multidisciplinary research teams that explored human factors and ergonomic concerns in the operating room that affect communication between robotic-assisted surgery teams, physical resilience of teams, instrument design and use, and poor implementation of briefings as improvement opportunities.

Gluck PA, ed. Obstet Gynecol Clin North Am. 2019;46:H1-H8, 199-398.

Obstetrics is a high-risk practice that concurrently manages the safety of mothers and newborns. Articles in this special issue explore various facets of health care quality and safety improvement in the care of women and expectant mothers. Topics covered include the patient experience, safety culture, disparities, program implementation, and clinical trends.
Hixenbaugh M, Ornstein C. Houston Chronicle and Propublica. May 2018-May 2019.
This news investigation chronicles a series of incidents in a transplant program that resulted in patient harm. The systemic nature of the problems such as insufficient whistleblower protection, accountability, and follow-up on patient concerns culminated in a change of hospital leadership. A previous PSNet interview with Charles Ornstein discussed the role of media in raising awareness of patient safety issues.

Health Aff (Millwood). 2018;37(11):1723-1908.

The Institute of Medicine report, To Err Is Human, marked the founding of the patient safety field. This special issue of Health Affairs, published 20 years after that report, highlights achievements and progress to date. One implementation study of evidence-based surgical safety checklists demonstrated that leadership involvement, intensive activities, and engagement of frontline staff are all critical to successful adoption of safety practices. Another study demonstrated that communication-and-resolution programs either decreased or did not affect malpractice costs, providing further support for implementing such programs. Experts describe the critical role of human factors engineering in patient safety and outline how to enhance the use of these methods. The concluding editorial by David Bates and Hardeep Singh points to progress in reducing hospital-acquired infections and improving medication safety in acute care settings and highlights remaining gaps in the areas of outpatient care, diagnostic errors, and electronic health record safety. In the related information, the Moore Foundation provides free access to five articles in this special issue.
Dean J, Clarkson J, eds. Future Hosp J. 2018;5:145-187.
The systems approach has long been heralded as a key element to safe patient care. Articles in this special issue explore techniques to engage clinicians and leadership in supporting a systems engineering philosophy to optimize safety improvement efforts.