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London, UK: Parliamentary and Health Service Ombudsman; 2021. ISBN 9781528627016. 

Lack of appropriate follow up of diagnostic imaging can result in care delays, patient harm, and death. This report summarizes an investigation of 25 imaging failures in the British National Health Service (NHS). The analysis identified communication and coordination issues resulting in lack of action and reporting of unanticipated findings to properly advance care. Recommendations to improve imaging in the NHS include use of previous analyses to enhance learning from failure.
Maxwell J, Bourgoin A, Crandall J. Rockville, MD : Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; 2020.
Project RED re-engineered discharge with the goal of reducing preventable readmissions. This report summarizes an Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality project to transfer the Project RED experience to the primary care environment. Areas of focus included enhancing the team leader role of primary care physicians in post-discharge care.
Hochman M, Bourgoin A, Saluja S, et al. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; March 2019. AHRQ Publication No. 18(19)-0055-EF.
Programs are in place to address hospital discharge process gaps that contribute to readmissions. This report summarizes research on primary care perspectives on reducing readmissions. Interventions identified include automated alerting to primary care providers when patients are hospitalized and the patient-centered medical home model.
Davis K, Collier S, Situ J, et al. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; December 2017. AHRQ Publication No. 1800051EF.
Transitions are known to be vulnerable to communication errors. This toolkit focuses on patient transitions between ambulatory care environments and encourages staff to engage patients and families in their care to prevent errors during care transitions.
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; September 2016. AHRQ Publication No. 16-0035-2-EF.
Patient safety in ambulatory care is receiving increased attention. This guide includes case studies that explore how Open Notes, team-based care delivery, and patient and family advisory committees have shown promise as patient engagement and safety improvement mechanisms in primary care settings.
Francis R. London, UK: Department of Health; February 2015.
Staff willingness to raise awareness of problems that could affect patient care is an important indicator of safety culture. This publication explores National Health Service (NHS) staff perceptions regarding raising concerns about health care safety. Barriers to speaking up were related to organizational culture, incident management, and legal protection for whistleblowers. The report also suggests measures for NHS organizations to use to help ensure that staff are comfortable raising awareness of patient safety concerns.
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; AHRQ.
This article describes an intervention that trained health coaches to use mobile technology to assess the health status of recently discharged Medicare patients, first during an in-home visit 48 hours after leaving the hospital and then with weekly phone calls over a 3-week period. The program resulted in decreased readmission rates and significant cost savings.
Institute for Clinical Systems Improvement; Minnesota Hospital Association; Stratis Health.
This Web site hosts materials to help hospitals enhance discharge planning, medication management, patient and family engagement, care transition, and communication as elements of a state-wide collaborative to reduce readmissions. The program received a 2013 Eisenberg Award.

Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; September 2013. AHRQ Publication No. 13-0058-EF.  

This publication summarizes findings from 12 projects that explored how health information technology can enhance management and quality of care for patients with complex conditions in the ambulatory setting.
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; June 2013.
Studies have shown that a surprisingly large proportion of hospitalized patients are not aware of their diagnoses or treatment plan and that their preferences are often not taken into account in advanced care planning. This failure to provide patient-centered care indicates a need for increased patient engagement in safety and quality efforts. This toolkit published by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality is designed to help hospitals develop partnerships with patients around improving safety. Developed with input from clinicians and patients, the guide emphasizes four strategies—working with patients as advisors, improving bedside communication, integrating patients and families into shift changes, and using patient input to improve the discharge process. An AHRQ WebM&M perspective by Dr. Saul Weingart discusses the practical challenges of engaging patients in improvement efforts.
This Web site offers information about a standardized process for handoffs in emergency care designed to help reduce risks and improve reliability.
Jack B, Paasche-Orlow M, Mitchell S, Forsythe S, Martin J. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; September 2015. AHRQ Publication No. 12(13)-0084.
This toolkit provides information to help hospitals implement Project RED, including how to determine goals at the outset and measure project outcomes after implementation.
Landrigan CP, Lyons A, Gannon P, et al. FIRST Do No Harm. December 2012;1-8.
This newsletter issue highlights initiatives and tools developed to improve handoff communication in Massachusetts.
Gleason KM, Brake H, Agramonte V, Perfetti C. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; 2012. AHRQ Publication No.11(12)-0059.
This toolkit, based on lessons learned from facilities that have implemented the Medications at Transitions and Clinical Handoffs (MATCH) initiative, provides strategies to implement and improve medication reconciliation in health care.
DeRosier J, Stalhandske E, Bagian JP, et al. Jt Comm J Qual Improv. 2002;28:248-267, 209.
The Joint Commission Center for Transforming Healthcare aims to use rigorous quality improvement methodologies to tackle pervasive quality and safety issues. This article details the early progress of the Center's second major initiative, improving handoff communication.
Boston University Medical Center.
This Web site includes information on the Re-Engineered Discharge project (Project RED), which has developed strategies to enhance patient safety by improving the hospital discharge process to reduce readmissions.