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Cheema E, Alhomoud FK, Kinsara ASA-D, et al. PLoS One. 2018;13:e0193510.
Pharmacists often perform medication reconciliation at hospital admission and discharge to prevent medication errors. This meta-analysis examined the efficacy of pharmacist-led medication reconciliation across 18 trials that included more than 6000 patients. Researchers found that pharmacist-led interventions reduced medication discrepancies but did not significantly affect adverse medication events or health care utilization. However, a recent large trial of pharmacist-led medication reconciliation with positive results was excluded from this meta-analysis.
Frankenthal D, Israeli A, Caraco Y, et al. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2017;65:e33-e38.
Inappropriate medication prescribing to older patients increases the risk of adverse drug events. This retrospective study assessed the sustainability of orally communicated medication recommendations based on the STOPP (Screening Tool of Older Persons potentially inappropriate Prescriptions) and START (Screening Tool to Alert Doctors to Right Treatment) criteria as compared to written medication review over time. The prevalence of potentially inappropriate prescriptions remained lower in the group receiving the orally communicated recommendations at 24-month follow-up. The authors conclude that direct communication about medications between pharmacists and prescribing providers may be more effective than written medication review.
L'Hommedieu T, DeCoske M, Lababidi RE, et al. Am J Health Syst Pharm. 2015;72:1266-8.
Miscommunication during transitions of care can contribute to medication errors. This commentary describes an initiative to involve pharmacy students in care transitions services. Although the authors found that scheduling and training the students for the program was a challenge, 30-day readmission rates were lower for patients who received transitions of care services with pharmacy students versus those who did not.