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Armstrong Institute for Patient Safety and Quality. October 4 and 6, 2022.
Team training programs seek to improve communication and coordination among team members to reduce the potential for medical error. This virtual workshop will train participants to design, implement, and evaluate team training programs in their organizations based on the TeamSTEPPS model. 
Bourne RS, Jennings JK, Panagioti M, et al. BMJ Qual Saf. 2022;31:609-622.
Patients transferring from the intensive care unit (ICU) to the hospital ward may experience medication errors. This systematic review examined medication-related interventions on the impact of medication errors in ICU patients transferring to the hospital ward. Seventeen studies were included with five identified intervention components. Multi-component studies based on staff education and guidelines were effective at achieving almost four times more deprescribing on inappropriate medications by the time of discharge. Recommendations for improving transfers are included.

de Bienassis K, Llena-Nozal A, Klazinga N for the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Paris, France: OECD Publishing; 2020. OECD Health Working Papers, No. 121.

Adverse events in long term care facilities are acerbated due to staffing, training and financial challenges. This report examined the costs of avoidable problems in long term care and suggests prevention strategies that center on workforce skill development and safety culture improvement.
Ashcroft J, Wilkinson A, Khan M. J Surg Educ. 2020;78:245-264.
This systematic review explored the different approaches taken by the United States and the United Kingdom to implement crew resource management (CRM) training. CRM in the United Kingdom had an emphasis on physicians and focused on skills outcomes using pre- and post-training questionnaires, whereas CRM in the United States focused on behavior outcomes and nontechnical skills utilizing multidisciplinary teams.  
Dadlez NM, Adelman J, Bundy DG, et al. Ped Qual Saf. 2020;5:e299-e305.
Diagnostic errors, including missed diagnoses of adolescent depression, elevated blood pressure, and delayed response to abnormal lab results, are common in pediatric primary care. Building upon previous work, this study used root cause analyses to identify the failure points and contributing factors to these errors. Omitted process steps included failure to screen for adolescent depression, failure to recognize and act on abnormal blood pressure values, and failure to notify families of abnormal lab results. Factors contributing most commonly to these errors were patient volume, inadequate staffing, clinic environment, electronic and written communication, and provider knowledge.
Haydar B, Baetzel A, Elliott A, et al. Anesth Analg. 2020;131:1135-1145.
This systematic review was undertaken to provide clear enumeration of adverse events that have occurred during intrahospital transport of critically ill children, risk factors for those events, and guidance for event prevention to clinicians who may not be fully aware of the risks of transport. The recommendations for reducing adverse events frequently given in the 40 articles that met the inclusion criteria (reflecting 4104 children transported) included: use of checklists and improved double-checks (of, e.g., equipment before transport).
Bendix J. Med Econ. November 25, 2019;96(23);10-14.
Implicit biases can compromise decision making due to the effect they can have on heuristics, communication and patient/physician communication. This article shares reasons for these biases and shares tactics to minimize their impacts which include being mindful of biases and a personalized approach to patients.
Havaei F, MacPhee M, Dahinten S. J Adv Nurs. 2019;75:2144-2155.
This study looked at the impact of two different models of delivering care by nurses, team versus total care, on quality of care and adverse events. The authors found that the team nursing model reported higher frequency of adverse events when there were licensed practical nurses on the team.
Dewar ZE, Yurkonis T, Attia M. Medicine (Baltimore). 2019;98:e17459.
Poor communication and handoffs between providers have been linked to adverse events.  The implementation of a standardized hand-off bundle modeled on the I-PASS tool (incorporating illness severity, patient summary, action list, situational awareness, and synthesis by receiver) in an inpatient family medicine service resulted in a significant reduction in medical errors.
Given BA. Semin Oncol Nurs. 2019;35:374-379.
Cancer patients often rely on family members or paid caregivers to assist with care maintenance at home, such as taking medications and mobility support. This review highlights common safety gaps in home cancer care. The authors suggest that nurses can help assess caregiver knowledge and provide education to address safety issues.
Duke Center for Healthcare Safety and Quality.
Improving teamwork and communication is a continued focus in the hospital setting. This toolkit is designed to help organizations create a culture that embeds teamwork into daily practice routines. Topics covered include team leadership, learning and continuous improvement, clarifying roles, structured communication, and support for raising concerns.
Mueller SK, Shannon E, Dalal A, et al. J Patient Saf. 2021;17:e752-e757.
This single-site survey of resident and attending physicians across multiple specialties uncovered multiple safety vulnerabilities in the process of interhospital transfer. Investigators found that physicians and patients were both dissatisfied with timing of transfers and that critical patient records were missing upon transfer. These issues raise safety concerns for highly variable interhospital transfer practices.
Dodge LE, Nippita S, Hacker MR, et al. J Healthc Risk Manag. 2019;38:44-54.
This pre–post study examined the implementation of AHRQ's TeamSTEPPS training program. Investigators found that the intervention had positive effects on staff ratings of teamwork and patient satisfaction, and these improvements persisted for one year.

GMS J Med Educ. 2019;36:Doc11-Doc22.

Patient safety has been described as an unmet need in physician training. This special issue covers areas of focus for a patient safety curriculum drawn from experience in the German medical education system. Topics covered include human error, blame, and responsibility. Articles also review the epidemiology of common problems such as medication safety, organizational contributors to failure, and diagnostic error.
Schwarz CM, Hoffmann M, Schwarz P, et al. BMC Health Serv Res. 2019;19:158.
Care transitions represent a vulnerable time for patients, especially at the time of hospital discharge. In this systematic review, researchers identified several factors related to discharge summaries that may adversely impact the safety of discharged patients, including delays in sending discharge summaries to outpatient providers as well as missing or low-quality information.
Artis KA, Bordley J, Mohan V, et al. Crit Care Med. 2019;47:403-409.
Reporting complete patient information during clinical rounds is important for achieving an accurate diagnosis and informing clinical management. Prior research has shown that data is sometimes omitted or inaccurately communicated on rounds. This observational study compared patient data shared by trainees and medical students on ICU rounds to that contained within the electronic health record. Researchers analyzed photocopies of trainee and student notes as well as audio recordings of their oral presentations. For the 157 patient presentations included in the study, they found all contained data omissions and that other team members on rounds supplemented a minimal amount of data missing from student and trainee presentations. The authors recommend additional oversight and education of trainees with regard to data presented on rounds.
Shenvi EC, Feupe SF, Yang H, et al. Diagnosis (Berl). 2018;5:235-242.
Seeking feedback on patient outcomes after a patient handoff takes place may provide useful learning for the provider who initially cared for the patient and inform future clinical decision-making. In this mixed-methods study, residents identified both a lack of time and inadequate systems for tracking patients as significant barriers to learning from the outcomes of patients they had handed over to other teams.
Link T. AORN J. 2018;108:165-177.
Although team development has received increased attention in health care, miscommunications that affect patient safety continue to occur. This commentary reviews factors that contribute to poor communication behaviors among perioperative nurses and summarizes guidance on how to improve team communication, such as use of standardized checklists and briefings.