The AHRQ PSNet Collection comprises an extensive selection of resources relevant to the patient safety community. These resources come in a variety of formats, including literature, research, tools, and Web sites. Resources are identified using the National Library of Medicine’s Medline database, various news and content aggregators, and the expertise of the AHRQ PSNet editorial and technical teams.
Berggren K, Ekstedt M, Joelsson‐Alm E, et al. J Clin Nurs. 2023;32:7372-7381.
Intensive care units (ICU) experienced extensive, rapid reorganization at the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic. This qualitative study of ICU personnel uncovered multiple ways they experienced decreases in patient safety during the initial reorganization. They reported the unfortunate necessity of "cutting safety corners," poorly adapted temporary ICUs, and feelings of increased personal responsibility due to changes in skill mix. Participants reported the care provided was safe, but of lower quality than was typical.
Tataei A, Rahimi B, Afshar HL, et al. BMC Health Serv Res. 2023;23:527.
Patient handoffs present opportunities for miscommunication and errors. This quasi-experimental study examined the impact of an electronic nursing handover system (ENHS) on patient safety and handover quality among patients both with and without COVID-19 in the intensive care unit (ICU). Findings indicate that the ENHS improved the quality of the handover, reduced handover time, and increased patient safety.
Edmonds JK, George EK, Iobst SE, et al. J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs. 2023;52:286-295.
Staffing and nursing time at the bedside play a role in missed nursing care. This study focused on the role of COVID-19 on staffing and nursing time at the bedside and, therefore, on missed nursing care in labor and delivery units. During a peak of the pandemic, this study of obstetrics nurses found perceptions of nursing time at the bedside and adequate staffing played a significant role in missed nursing care.
Rosen A, Carter D, Applebaum JR, et al. J Patient Saf. 2022;18:e1219-e1225.
The COVID-19 pandemic had wide-ranging impacts on care delivery and patient safety. This study examined the relationship between critical care clinician experiences related to patient safety during the pandemic and COVID-19 caseloads during the pandemic. Findings suggest that as COVID-19 caseloads increased, clinicians were more likely to perceive care as less safe.
The COVID-19 pandemic dramatically changed healthcare delivery across all settings. This qualitative study explored perceptions of patient safety in intensive care among nurses redeployed to intensive care settings during the pandemic. Nurses reported increases in patient safety risks during the pandemic, which were largely attributed to changes in nursing skill mix and poor continuity of care.
Falk A-C, Nymark C, Göransson KE, et al. Intensive Crit Care Nurs. 2022:103276.
Needed nursing care that is delayed, partially completed, or not completed at all is known as missed nursing care (MNC). Researchers surveyed critical care registered nurses during two phases of the COVID-19 pandemic about recent missed nursing care, perceived quality of care, and contributing factors. There were no major changes in the types of, or reasons for, MNC compared to the reference survey completed in fall 2019.
Missed or incomplete nursing care can adversely affect care quality and safety. Based on survey responses from 295 frontline nurses in the Philippines, this study explored factors contributing to missed nursing care during the COVID-19 pandemic. Findings suggest that nurses most frequently missed tasks such as patient surveillance, comforting patients, skin care, ambulation, and oral hygiene. The authors suggest that increasing nurse staffing, adequate use of personal protective equipment, and improved safety culture may reduce instances of missed care.
von Vogelsang A‐C, Göransson KE, Falk A‐C, et al. J Nurs Manag. 2021;29:2343-2352.
Incomplete nursing care can be detrimental to care quality and patient safety. This cross-sectional survey of nurses in Sweden at one acute care hospital did not identify significant differences in missed nursing care before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. The authors posit that these results may be attributed to maintaining nurse-patient ratios, sufficient nursing skill mix, and patient mix.
Hospitals have been deeply challenged to provide effective care during the COVID crisis. This article discusses how rationing and ineffective protection for families and patients may have contributed to preventable death and the spread of the virus in families due to unnecessary referrals of patients to home care and hospice.