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Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists.
This organization highlights the importance of in-depth reporting and investigation of adverse events in labor and delivery, involving parents in the analysis, engaging external experts to gain broader perspectives about what occurred, and focusing on system factors that contribute to failures. A WebM&M commentary discusses how lapses in fetal monitoring can miss signs of distress that result in harm. The reporting initiative closed in 2021 after presenting its final report. Investigations in this area will now be undertaken by the Healthcare Safety Investigation Branch in England.
Fillo KT. Bureau of Health Care Safety and Quality, Department of Public Health. Boston, MA: Commonwealth of Massachusetts; 2020.
This annual report compiles patient safety data documented by Massachusetts hospitals. The 2019 numbers represent a modest increase in serious reportable events recorded in acute care hospitals, from 1066 the previous year to 1189. This presentation also includes events from ambulatory surgery centers. Previous years reports are also available.

NHS Improvement. Independent Mortality Review of Cardiac Surgery at St George’s University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust. NHS England. March 2020.

In-depth incident investigations provide details of care process examinations to motivate learning and improvement. This report examines cardiac surgery patient mortality at a National Health Service Trust over a 5-year period. It highlights weakness in professionalism at the individual and organization level as a contributor to the preventable patient deaths catalogued over that time.
Royal College of Surgeons of England; RCS.
Physical demands and technical complexities can affect surgical safety. This resource is designed to capture frontline perceptions of surgeons in the United Kingdom regarding concerning behaviors exhibited by their peers during practice to facilitate awareness of problems, motivate improvement, and enable learning.
Canadian Anaesthesiologists Society; CAIRS.
Reporting mistakes in anesthesiology practice can motivate and inform error reduction work. This website provides a secure tool for submitting incident reports to a centralized system for analysis and evaluation in Canada. The tool includes a mechanism to share data, responses, and solutions to the reported problems back to the participating organizations.
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. December 2017. AHRQ Publication No. 16(18)-0004-1-EF.
Large-scale collaboratives have achieved success in implementing patient safety improvements. This report describes the work and outcomes of a 3-year surgical safety program funded by AHRQ that involved more than 200 hospitals in the United States. The project employed models and tools to implement surgical site infection prevention strategies. Participants reported substantial reductions of surgical site infections in their facilities.
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; AHRQ.
Preventing surgical complications including surgical site infections are a worldwide target for improvement. This toolkit builds on the success of the Comprehensive Unit-based Safety Program to initiate change. The tools represent practical strategies that helped members of a large-scale collaborative to identify areas of weakness, design improvements, and track the impact of the interventions.
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; AHRQ.
Patients are vulnerable to harm after surgery. This program used methods from the Comprehensive Unit-based Safety Program to help hospitals integrate best practices into all stages of surgery to ensure safe recovery. Targeted areas of improvement include safety culture, teamwork skills, and partnering with patients. The program is currently accepting enrollees.
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; December 2014.
Ambulatory surgery centers provide care to growing numbers of patients. This toolkit draws from AHRQ's Comprehensive Unit-based Safety Program to help ambulatory surgical center teams develop communication and teamwork skills to reduce infections and other iatrogenic harms.
United States Senate Finance Committee
The practice of scheduling concurrent surgeries has raised concerns about increased risks of surgeon distraction, procedure delay, and insufficient expertise available in the operating room. This United States Senate report summarizes findings of an inquiry that assessed insights from 17 hospitals regarding concurrent and overlapping surgical policies. Areas of concern identified by the investigation include a lack of available data on the patient outcomes associated with the practice and need for specific billing requirements.
Wei S; Allen M; Pierce O.
Transparency has been advocated as a key element of safe, patient-centered care, but data on individual performance has not been made widely available. This database compiles the death and complication rates of surgeons performing eight specific elective procedures on Medicare patients to provide performance records and enhance patient decision-making when selecting surgeons.
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; October 2020.
Ambulatory surgery centers are increasingly being used to provide surgical care. The AHRQ Surveys on Patient Safety Culture™ (SOPS®) Ambulatory Surgery Center Survey seeks opinions from the field regarding safety culture in the ambulatory surgical center environment. The survey is presented with additional resources to help organizations assess their safety culture, including the results of a pilot program testing the survey and a user's guide.

Oakbrook Terrace, IL: Joint Commission Center for Transforming Health Care. Chicago, IL: American College of Surgeons. November 2012.  

Some of the most prominent successes in the patient safety field have been achieved in preventing health care–associated infections. Sponsored by The Joint Commission Center for Transforming Healthcare and the American College of Surgeons, this effort used rigorous quality improvement methodology and a collaborative approach across seven participating hospitals to tackle the problem of surgical site infections (SSIs) in patients undergoing colorectal surgery. The project was a remarkable success, achieving a 32% reduction in SSIs during the study period. The Center for Transforming Healthcare is also sponsoring efforts to prevent wrong-site surgery and improve hand hygiene and handoff communications.
Price CS, Savitz LA. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; March 2012. AHRQ Publication No. 12-0046-EF.
This report explores techniques to detect and monitor surgical site infections (SSIs), evaluates a computer-assisted algorithm to identify patients at risk for SSIs, and makes recommendations to investigate surgery-specific risk factors.