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US Senate Finance Committee. 117th Cong (2021-2022). August 3, 2022.

Organ transplantation processes require reliable communication and technical expertise to ensure safety for organ delivery and patient care. This hearing discussed the findings of a United States Senate investigation into waste and harm in the US organ transplant system. Blood-type mistakes, transport failures, and process challenges were amongst the problems discussed.

Farnborough, UK; Healthcare Safety Investigation Branch; May 26, 2022.

Surgical equipment sterilization can be hampered by equipment design, production pressures, process complexity and policy misalignment. This report examines a case of unclean surgical instrument use. It recommends external sterile service assessment and competency review as steps toward improving the reliability of instrument decontamination processes in the National Health Service.
Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists.
This organization highlights the importance of in-depth reporting and investigation of adverse events in labor and delivery, involving parents in the analysis, engaging external experts to gain broader perspectives about what occurred, and focusing on system factors that contribute to failures. A WebM&M commentary discusses how lapses in fetal monitoring can miss signs of distress that result in harm. The reporting initiative closed in 2021 after presenting its final report. Investigations in this area will now be undertaken by the Healthcare Safety Investigation Branch in England.
Fillo KT. Bureau of Health Care Safety and Quality, Department of Public Health. Boston, MA: Commonwealth of Massachusetts; 2020.
This annual report compiles patient safety data documented by Massachusetts hospitals. The 2019 numbers represent a modest increase in serious reportable events recorded in acute care hospitals, from 1066 the previous year to 1189. This presentation also includes events from ambulatory surgery centers. Previous years reports are also available.

NHS Improvement. Independent Mortality Review of Cardiac Surgery at St George’s University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust. NHS England. March 2020.

In-depth incident investigations provide details of care process examinations to motivate learning and improvement. This report examines cardiac surgery patient mortality at a National Health Service Trust over a 5-year period. It highlights weakness in professionalism at the individual and organization level as a contributor to the preventable patient deaths catalogued over that time.
Royal College of Surgeons of England; RCS.
Physical demands and technical complexities can affect surgical safety. This resource is designed to capture frontline perceptions of surgeons in the United Kingdom regarding concerning behaviors exhibited by their peers during practice to facilitate awareness of problems, motivate improvement, and enable learning.
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. December 2017. AHRQ Publication No. 16(18)-0004-1-EF.
Large-scale collaboratives have achieved success in implementing patient safety improvements. This report describes the work and outcomes of a 3-year surgical safety program funded by AHRQ that involved more than 200 hospitals in the United States. The project employed models and tools to implement surgical site infection prevention strategies. Participants reported substantial reductions of surgical site infections in their facilities.
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; AHRQ.
Preventing surgical complications including surgical site infections are a worldwide target for improvement. This toolkit builds on the success of the Comprehensive Unit-based Safety Program to initiate change. The tools represent practical strategies that helped members of a large-scale collaborative to identify areas of weakness, design improvements, and track the impact of the interventions.

McCulloch P, Morgan L, Flynn L, et al. Health Services and Delivery Research. Southampton, UK: NIHR Journals Library; 2016.

This publication reports five British hospitals' experiences with teamwork interventions in surgical teams. Although teamwork training alone improved how teams functioned, it did not always enhance clinical performance. The investigators found that integrated training that combines technical and social improvements, such as Lean, resulted in more effective improvements.
United States Senate Finance Committee
The practice of scheduling concurrent surgeries has raised concerns about increased risks of surgeon distraction, procedure delay, and insufficient expertise available in the operating room. This United States Senate report summarizes findings of an inquiry that assessed insights from 17 hospitals regarding concurrent and overlapping surgical policies. Areas of concern identified by the investigation include a lack of available data on the patient outcomes associated with the practice and need for specific billing requirements.

NHS England Patient Safety Domain, National Safety Standards for Invasive Procedures Group. London, UK: National Health Service; 2015.

Patients face risks when undergoing invasive procedures. This report provides recommendations developed by multidisciplinary consensus and outlines how organizations can implement the standards to improve safety of invasive procedures.
Price CS, Savitz LA. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; March 2012. AHRQ Publication No. 12-0046-EF.
This report explores techniques to detect and monitor surgical site infections (SSIs), evaluates a computer-assisted algorithm to identify patients at risk for SSIs, and makes recommendations to investigate surgery-specific risk factors.
U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs. Hearing before the Committee on Veterans’ Affairs, House of Representatives, Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations. 109 Congress, 2nd sess June 15, 2006. Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office; 2007.
These testimonies addressed issues within the Veterans Affairs health system that contributed to recent sterilization and labeling lapses.