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Graber ML, Schrandt S. Evanston, IL:  Society to Improve Diagnosis in Medicine;  September 8, 2021. 

This report summarizes the results of a project that examined how the literature and various stakeholders consider challenges and opportunities for improving diagnosis during telemedicine interactions. Both areas of concern and potential were highlighted to engage researchers, educators, and clinicians in the implementation and use of telediagnosis that is safe and of high-value for patients and families.

National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine 2021. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

Primary care is the starting point for safe, equitable health care. This report outlines a system-focused implementation framework to enhance person-centered, accessible primary care. The approach aims to a focus on generating accountability through payment reform, multi-disciplinary team development, workforce support, and digital health utilization.

Partnership for Health IT Patient Safety. Plymouth Meeting, PA: ECRI Institute; 2021.

Effective integration of health information systems supports decision making and treatment coordination across practice settings. This report examines how gaps in information sharing can affect behavioral health care. The authors discuss the potential for diagnostic improvement through information system connections between primary care and behavioral health programs.

Smith KM, Hunte HE, Graber ML. Rockville MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; August 2020. AHRQ Publication No. 20-0040-2-EF.

Telehealth is becoming a standard care mechanism due to COVID-19 concerns. This special issue brief discusses telediagnosis, shares system and associate factors affecting its reliability, challenges in adopting this mode of practice, and areas of research needed to fully understand its impact. This issue brief is part of a series on diagnostic safety.

Washington DC: National Quality Forum; 2020.

This report builds on the legacy of To Err is Human and Crossing the Quality Chasm to outline an approach to improve the US health care system. Five strategic objectives are provided--one of which focuses on safe care. The report outlines a stratum of actions on which to anchor work over the next decade to generate improvements and increase value. The authors recommend activities that enhance areas of focus such as information technology, equity and patient engagement.
Partnership for HIT Patient Safety. Plymouth Meeting, PA: ECRI Institute; 2020.
Health information technology (HIT) can improve record keeping, test ordering and prescription legibility. This report highlights its value in assuring diagnostic communications are reliably completed and shares recommendations to support this work. The publication is accompanied by a guide for organizations to act on the recommendations for closed-loop communication.
Hochman M, Bourgoin A, Saluja S, et al. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; March 2019. AHRQ Publication No. 18(19)-0055-EF.
Programs are in place to address hospital discharge process gaps that contribute to readmissions. This report summarizes research on primary care perspectives on reducing readmissions. Interventions identified include automated alerting to primary care providers when patients are hospitalized and the patient-centered medical home model.
United States Government Accountability Office; GAO.
Record matching problems can have serious clinical impacts on patients. This report explores how to optimize demographic data integrity to improve patient record matching, as identifying information is increasingly integrated into shared record keeping systems. The investigation determined strategies to improve matching such as implementing standard data formats and disseminating best practices.
Pew Charitable Trusts; American Medical Association; AMA; Medstar Health.
Electronic health records both contribute to and detract from safe care. This report recommends best practices, test case criteria, and sample test cases to help developers and health care organizations identify and address electronic health record weaknesses and prevent patient harm.
Institute for Healthcare Improvement, National Patient Safety Foundation. Cambridge, MA: Institute for Healthcare Improvement; 2017.
Missed and delayed diagnoses can stem from problems in the outpatient referral process. The Institute for Healthcare Improvement convened an expert panel aimed at addressing safety vulnerabilities in the current referral process. The report delineates nine steps in the referral process, starting from the primary care provider ordering the referral and ending with communication of the treatment plan to patients and families. Recommendations to improve this process include interoperability between primary care and subspecialty electronic health records, standardizing handoffs between providers, clear standards of accountability for patient follow-up, and use of evidence-based communication methods like teach-back with patients and families. The report concludes that prioritizing the safety of the referral process is important to reduce diagnostic errors.
Zheng K, Ciemins EL, Lanham HJ, et al. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; July 2015. AHRQ Publication No. 15-0058-EF.
Ineffective implementation of health information technology (IT) can result in workarounds and other workflow changes that disrupt care delivery. This report examines how health IT implementation can affect clinician and staff workload in the ambulatory care environment, including increase interruptions and multitasking, and recommends workload considerations to enable staff to adapt to changes in practice.

Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; September 2013. AHRQ Publication No. 13-0058-EF.  

This publication summarizes findings from 12 projects that explored how health information technology can enhance management and quality of care for patients with complex conditions in the ambulatory setting.
Doyle J. Melbourne, Australia: Victorian Auditor-General's Office; October 30, 2013.
Following the implementation of a large clinical information communication technology project, this report identified interoperability and usability failures and noted medication ordering and management as particularly vulnerable to errors.
Committee on the Role of Human Factors in Home Health Care. Washington, DC: National Research Council; 2011. ISBN: 9780309212366.
This report discusses the results of a 2009 AHRQ-funded workshop on how human factors can be applied to home-based care.
Carrier E, Yee T, Holtzwart RA. Washington, DC: National Institute for Health Care Reform; 2011. NIHCR Research Brief No. 3.
This report analyzes communication practices between emergency and primary care physicians and provides suggestions to improve and encourage meaningful communication.
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; July 2008. AHRQ Publication Nos. 080034 (1-4).
The 115 articles freely available in this latest issue of AHRQ's Advances in Patient Safety represent the state of the art in patient safety. Serving as an update and extension to the prior volume, the articles are grouped into four major content areas—assessment, culture and redesign, performance and tools, and technology and medication safety—and are freely available online through the link below.