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SB 1307, 117th Congress: 2021.
Reporting clinicians who exhibit practice behaviors that are detrimental to safety is challenged by system and cultural norms. This legislation aims to strengthen the US Veterans Health System process for identifying problematic clinicians by underscoring the importance of reporting to a national system that tracks these instances.
Morton CH, Hall MF, Shaefer SJM, et al. J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs. 2021;50:88-101.
Individuals involved in adverse maternal events require support both physically and emotionally. This guidance combines readiness, recognition, response, and reporting and systems-learning steps to aid birthing facility nurses and management in providing standardized help for mothers, families, and care team members that experience care-related harm.  

SB 3380. 116th Congress (2020).

This bill submits amendments to existing US federal law to strengthen state-organized efforts to improve health care-associated infection control efforts, pediatric safety initiatives, care transitions, reporting systems and antimicrobial stewardship programs.
Pettersen B, Tate J, Tipper K, McKean H. Colorado Senate Bill 19-201.
Communication-and-resolution mechanisms are seen as important approaches to improving transparency and healing after an adverse event. This state bill, referred to as the "Colorado Candor Act," protects conversations between organizations, clinicians, patient, and families from legal discoverability and outlines criteria to guarantee that protection.
Sentinel event alert. 2018:1-8.
Although adverse events and near misses are common in health care, they are almost ubiquitously underreported. Barriers to reporting include health care provider fear of repercussions, insufficient integration of reporting systems into the electronic health record, and cultural factors. This new sentinel event alert explores how organizations can change their culture to promote reporting. It highlights bright spots: organizations that use a just culture approach to investigating errors, celebrate employees who report safety hazards, and whose leaders prioritize reporting. The Joint Commission proposes actions for all organizations to take, including developing incident reporting systems, promoting leadership buy-in, engaging in systemwide communication, and implementing transparent accountability structures. An Annual Perspective reviewed the context of the no-blame movement and the recent shift toward a framework of a just culture.
AORN J. 2018;108:64-65.
Categorizing human error as a criminal act can deter reporting required to learn from incidents and improve practice. This position statement articulates the importance of avoiding this approach for unintentional perioperative nursing errors to ensure the open communication needed to support the safety of clinicians, organizations, and patients.

McDonnell WM; Altman RL; Bondi SA et al for the Committee on Medical Liability and Risk Management; Council on Quality Improvement and Patient Safety. Pediatrics. 2016;138(6);e20163215.

Open disclosure of errors and adverse events is increasingly encouraged in health care. This policy statement discusses the ethical obligation for pediatricians to notify children and their parents about errors and offers recommendations to help improve disclosure in pediatric care.
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Fed Regist. 2016;81(100);32655-32660.
Patient Safety Organizations (PSOs) were formed with provisions to protect voluntarily submitted incident data to enhance transparency and learning from medical error. Despite those expectations, PSOs still have obligations to report certain situations to external organizations. This guidance aims to clarify what and when external reporting should take place for PSOs to remain in compliance with federal requirements while appropriately protecting incident data.
Sentinel event alert. 2016:1-7.
The Joint Commission publishes sentinel event alerts to emphasize pressing safety issues, determine root causes, and provide guidelines for organizations on how to address them. In light of receiving 1089 reports of suicide between 2010 and 2014, this new alert focuses on preventing suicide in health care settings. Many of the suicide cases investigated across health care settings had involved inadequate assessments or lack of identification of suicidal ideation. The alert suggests that all health care providers should screen for suicidal ideation and review patients for suicide risk factors. A previous WebM&M commentary discusses a suicide attempt on an inpatient medical unit. Note: This alert has been retired effective February 2019. Please refer to the information link below for further details.
London, UK: General Medical Council and the Nursing and Midwifery Council; June 29, 2015.
Open and honest discussion with patients after an error or near miss is key to effective disclosure. This guidance provides recommendations for physicians, nurses, and midwives regarding disclosure practices in the United Kingdom. A set of case studies accompanies the report, which illustrate the professional duty of candor in various practical situations.
Nakhleh RE, Nosé V, Colasacco C, et al. Arch Pathol Lab Med. 2016;140:29-40.
Misinterpretation of test results can have harmful consequences for patients. This guideline synthesized the literature on surgical pathology and cytology case reviews to determine recommendations to improve diagnostic accuracy, such as involving anatomic pathologists in developing procedures to detect disagreements and errors, conducting case reviews in a timely fashion, and continuously tracking and documenting case review findings.
Heinemann L, Fleming A, Petrie JR, et al. Diabetes Care. 2015;38:716-22.
Insulin is a high-alert medication that can lead to harm if incorrectly administered. Insulin pump problems can be caused by human, mechanical, or drug stability failures. This policy statement describes ways to use adverse event data, manufacturer information, and technical specifications to enhance the safety of insulin therapy.
Talbot TR, Bratzler DW, Carrico RM, et al. Ann Intern Med. 2013;159:631-635.
Public reporting of health care–associated infection rates serves as a key measure for quality in hospitals. This commentary reveals limitations to using these metrics, such as variation in definitions, and outlines standards to guide the collection and utilization of surveillance data.
Commission J. Sentinel event alert. 2013:1-5.
Sentinel event alerts are issued periodically by The Joint Commission to identify common or emerging patient safety problems and provide organizations with approaches for addressing these issues. A retained foreign object (RFO)—surgical materials or equipment unintentionally left in a patient's body after completing the operation—is a never event that can have serious clinical consequences. Despite being long recognized as a critical—and preventable—error, RFOs continue to occur, with nearly 800 cases being reported to The Joint Commission between 2005 and 2012. This alert makes several recommendations to help prevent RFOs, including focusing on enhancing the reliability of the traditional manual count of instruments and materials used during a procedure, improving safety culture in the operating room through interventions (e.g., teamwork training), and investigating technological approaches (e.g., bar coding of surgical sponges) to ease identification of potentially missing objects before patients are harmed.
Commission J. Sentinel event alert. 2013:1-3.
The cacophony of alarms in hospitals has led many health care providers to become desensitized to them, a condition known as alarm fatigue. This sentinel event alert describes how ignoring alarms can have fatal outcomes and recounts an intensive care unit death due to providers' lack of response to alarms signaling a patient's clinical decline. The sentinel event database includes 98 alarm-related events (80 of which resulted in death) between 2009 and June 2012. Because the database relies on voluntary reporting, this number likely represents a small proportion of actual events. The report outlines recommendations and potential strategies for improvement, including guideline development, training and education, and establishment of a cross-disciplinary team of clinicians, clinical engineers, information technologists, and risk managers focused on alarm safety. The Joint Commission is also considering developing a related National Patient Safety Goal to address this issue.