• Study
  • Published July 2016

Patient safety culture and the second victim phenomenon: connecting culture to staff distress in nurses.

The second victim phenomenon describes the distress health care providers can experience after adverse events. This survey of 358 nurses at a single pediatric hospital found that those working in a stronger safety culture were less likely to report distress after involvement in a patient safety event. The authors suggest that bolstering safety culture can help prevent negative effects of second victim experiences.

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