Implementation science: a neglected opportunity to accelerate improvements in the safety and quality of surgical care.
Approach to Improving Safety
Setting of Care
Implementation science is utilized to understand how to apply research into practice. This review explores the use of implementation science in surgical patient safety initiatives to enable the translation of research into active care. The authors focus their discussion on the widely implemented World Health Organization surgical checklist to identify factors that drive and sustain improvement, including context, implementation strategies, and outcomes.