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- Communication Improvement 3
- Culture of Safety 1
- Education and Training 2
- Error Reporting and Analysis 4
- Human Factors Engineering 2
- Legal and Policy Approaches 1
- Quality Improvement Strategies 6
- Specialization of Care 1
- Identification Errors 2
- Medical Complications 5
- Medication Safety 2
- Surgical Complications
- Transfusion Complications 1
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Journal Article > Commentary
Anderson KT, Appelbaum R, Bartz-Kurycki MA, Tsao K, Browne M. Semin Pediatr Surg. 2018;27:92-101.
Clinical skill development in surgery is evolving beyond technical expertise as focus has shifted to how teamwork and human factors affect safety. This commentary describes three key activities associated with surgical safety efforts, including monitoring surgical quality through national data analysis, bundling field-tested processes to prevent surgical site infections, and utilizing surgical checklists.
Web Resource > Government Resource
Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services.
The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) provides consumers with publicly available information on the quality of Medicare-certified hospital care through this Web site. The site includes specific information for both patients and hospitals on how to use the data to guide decision-making and improvement initiatives. Most recently, listings from the Hospital-Acquired Condition Reduction Program (HACRP) and data on Department of Veterans Affairs hospitals were added to the reports available.
National Priorities Partnership. Washington, DC: National Quality Forum; 2008. ISBN: 1933875194.
This report resulted from a consensus program involving 28 national organizations that sought to outline goals for improving the US health care system and share examples of such efforts in patient safety and other identified areas.
ASQ Quarterly Quality Report. Milwaukee, WI: American Society of Quality; October 2008.
This report describes strategies for health care institutions to prevent never events, based on results of a 2008 survey of quality professionals.
Journal Article > Study
Do the AHRQ Patient Safety Indicators flag conditions that are present at the time of hospital admission?
Bahl V, Thompson MA, Kau T-Y, Hu HM, Campbell DA Jr. Med Care. 2008;46:516-522.
The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality's Patient Safety Indicators (PSIs) were designed to reflect the quality of inpatient care by triggering cases for review using administrative data and examining potentially preventable complications. With an increasing focus on withholding payment for complications of care not present on admission (POA), efforts to make this important distinction continue. This study applied the use of PSIs with and without a POA variable and discovered that event rates were significantly lower for five PSIs using the added variable (decubitus ulcer, foreign body left in, selected infections due to medical care, and postoperative derangements and thromboembolic events). These findings suggest that use of standard PSIs will overstate the number of hospital complications in failing to take into account those clearly POA. The authors conclude that unadjusted PSIs should not be used to profile hospital performance or determine reimbursement.
Journal Article > Study
Jankowitz BT, Kondziolka DS. Neurosurgery. 2006;59:585-590.
The authors discuss the incidence, treatment, and outcomes of cases involving errors that contaminate bone flaps during neurosurgery.
Baltimore, MD: Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) Office of Public Affairs; May 18, 2006.
This fact sheet provides information regarding the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services' initiative to better understand and minimize never events.
Cases & Commentaries
- Web M&M
Andre R. Campbell, MD; April 2003
Laparoscopic colostomy completed in reverse induces total bowel obstruction.