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Search results for "Government Resource"
- Government Resource
- Health Care Providers
Web Resource > Database/Directory
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality.
The Patient Safety Organization (PSO) program seeks to gather and analyze nonidentifiable patient safety incident data to track concerns and reduce risks. This website provides data submitted from PSOs and other organizations in reports, chartbooks, and dashboards. These tools enable the wide dissemination of information to inform organizational improvement strategies.
CDC Vital Signs. May 7, 2019.
Maternal morbidity and mortality is a worldwide patient safety problem. This analysis describes the prevalence of pregnancy-related death and areas of concern during pregnancy, at delivery, and up to a year postpartum. It reports that 60% of these deaths are preventable and provides suggestions for families, clinicians, and systems to reduce risks.
Legislation/Regulation > Colorado Legislation
Pettersen B, Tate J, Tipper K, McKean H. Colorado Senate Bill 19-201.
Communication-and-resolution mechanisms are seen as important approaches to improving transparency and healing after an adverse event. This state bill, referred to as the "Colorado Candor Act," protects conversations between organizations, clinicians, patient, and families from legal discoverability and outlines criteria to guarantee that protection.
Cultural Issues Related to Allegations of Bullying and Harassment in NHS Highland: Independent Review Report.
Sturrock J. Edinburgh, Scotland: The Scottish Government; May 2019. ISBN: 9781787817760.
Disrespectful and unprofessional behaviors are a common problem in health care. The report examines cultural issues at a National Health Service trust that affected the transparency needed to report disruptive behaviors and that limited conversation needed to facilitate local actions and improvement. Recommendations for the leadership, organizational, and system levels are provided to enable constructive change.
FDA identifies harm reported from sudden discontinuation of opioid pain medicines and requires label changes to guide prescribers on gradual, individualized tapering.
Silver Spring, MD: US Food and Drug Administration; April 9, 2019.
Efforts to address the opioid epidemic range from regulation to changes in pain management. This safety announcement raises awareness of potential harms associated with rapidly decreasing the dose of or discontinuing opioids for patients who may be physically dependent on the medication. It also announces a requirement regarding changes to prescribing information for opioids to provide expanded guidance on how to safely taper doses. Health care providers should discuss tapering plans with patients and provide ongoing monitoring and support.
Famolaro T, Yount ND, Hare R, et al. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; April 2019. AHRQ Publication No. 19-0033.
The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality conducts safety culture surveys in a wide variety of clinical settings and makes the results publicly available on a regular basis. This report contains responses to the Community Pharmacy Survey on Patient Safety Culture from 331 participating pharmacies, most of which were chain drugstores or pharmacies within integrated health systems. The areas of strength were similar to the 2015 report, with most community pharmacies scoring well for patient counseling and openness of communication regarding unsafe situations. Inadequate staffing and production pressures were the commonly identified barriers to safety. A PSNet perspective explored safety issues in the community pharmacy setting in detail.
US Food and Drug Administration. March 8, 2019.
Errors of commission during complex procedures can contribute to patient harm. Drawing from an analysis of medical device reports submitted to the Food and Drug Administration, this announcement seeks to raise awareness of common adverse events associated with surgical staplers and implantable staples. User-related problems include opening of the staple line, misapplied staples, and staple gun difficulties. Recommendations include ensuring availability of various staple sizes and avoiding use of staples on large blood vessels.
Hochman M, Bourgoin A, Saluja S, et al. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; March 2019. AHRQ Publication No. 18(19)-0055-EF.
Programs are in place to address hospital discharge process gaps that contribute to readmissions. This report summarizes research on primary care perspectives on reducing readmissions. Interventions identified include automated alerting to primary care providers when patients are hospitalized and the patient-centered medical home model.
AHRQ National Scorecard on Hospital-Acquired Conditions Updated Baseline Rates and Preliminary Results 2014–2017.
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; January 2019.
Hospital-acquired conditions (HACs) represent a significant source of preventable harm to patients. The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services financially penalizes hospitals with increased numbers of HACs through the Hospital-Acquired Condition Reduction Program. This policy of nonpayment has prompted hospitals to focus significant resources on preventing HACs. This AHRQ report found a reduction in HACs from 99 per 1000 acute care discharges to 86 per 1000 discharges between 2014 and 2017, representing a decrease in 910,000 HACs and savings of $7.7 billion. Declines in certain HACs such as adverse drug events and Clostridium difficile infections were noted to be more significant as compared to others. A past WebM&M commentary highlighted the clinical significance of HACs and described an incident involving a patient who developed a pressure ulcer while in the hospital.
FDA Safety Communication: caution when using robotically-assisted surgical devices in women's health including mastectomy and other cancer-related surgeries.
MedWatch Safety Alert. Silver Spring, MD: US Food and Drug Administration; February 28, 2019.
This announcement seeks to raise awareness of the potential risks associated with the use of robotic-assisted surgical devices in mastectomies or cancer-related care. Recommendations for patients who may seek to have robotically assisted surgery include asking about their surgeon's experience with these procedures and discussing benefits, risks, and alternatives regarding available treatment options with their health care provider. Suggestions for health care providers include completing specialized training on procedures they perform. A WebM&M commentary described the challenges and benefits associated with robotic surgery.
Washington, DC: United States Government Accountability Office; January 2019. Publication GAO-19-197.
Record matching problems can have serious clinical impacts on patients. This report explores how to optimize demographic data integrity to improve patient record matching, as identifying information is increasingly integrated into shared record keeping systems. The investigation determined strategies to improve matching such as implementing standard data formats and disseminating best practices.
Journal Article > Government Resource
Scholl L, Seth P, Kariisa M, Wilson N, Baldwin G. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2019;67:1419-1427.
This Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report provides drug and opioid overdose death figures for 2016. The rate of overdose deaths continues to rise, with the largest increase due to synthetic opioids such as fentanyl. The report calls for enhancing prevention and response measures, including the use of naloxone.
Strategy on Reducing Regulatory and Administrative Burden Relating to the Use of Health IT and EHRs.
Washington, DC: Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; November 28, 2018.
Clinician burnout is a persistent threat to patient safety, and electronic health records have been identified as a high-profile contributor to the problem. This call for public comments on a draft report seeks insights on specific goals and recommended strategies to address the issue. The approaches outlined focus on reducing the time burden associated with frontline electronic health record use. The option for submitting comments is closed.
FDA Safety Communication: use caution with implanted pumps for intrathecal administration of medicines for pain management.
MedWatch Safety Alert. Silver Spring, MD: US Food and Drug Administration; November 14, 2018.
This safety announcement raises awareness of pump failures, dosing errors, and other potential safety issues associated with implanted pumps. Recommendations to enhance safety include review of medication labeling to select appropriate medicines and concentrations as well as open discussions with patients about risks associated with pump and medication options.
Tools/Toolkit > Government Resource
Itasca, IL: American Academy of Pediatrics; 2018.
Diagnostic error prevention in primary care is a persistent challenge. This AHRQ-funded toolkit provides guidance for ambulatory care organizations that seek to improve the reliability of diagnosis in children. The material focuses on tactics to enhance how practices recognize, track, and follow up on adolescent depression, pediatric elevated blood pressure, and actionable laboratory results.
Differences in strength expression on product labels of compounders and conventional manufacturers may lead to dosing errors.
Silver Spring, MD: US Food and Drug Administration; September 29, 2018.
Tools/Toolkit > Fact Sheet/FAQs
London, England: NHS Resolution; 2018.
Although victims of adverse events have clearly expressed their preferences for full error disclosure, most physicians remain uncomfortable with disclosing and apologizing for errors. This leaflet offers information to help clinicians understand the value of effective apologies along with tips for organizations to support open disclosure efforts.
Web Resource > Government Resource
QualityNet. Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services.
Eliminating hospital-acquired harm requires policy, organizational, and individual approaches to motivate the necessary changes. This website provides information and data collected from a Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services financial incentive program reducing reimbursements to hospitals with elevated rates of hospital-acquired conditions.
Opioid-Related Inpatient Stays and Emergency Department Visits Among Patients Aged 65 Years and Older, 2010 and 2015.
Weiss AJ, Heslin KC, Barrett ML, Izar R, Bierman IR. HCUP Statistical Brief #244. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; September 2018.
Polypharmacy, chronic conditions, and mental health needs can contribute to misuse of opioids. This data analysis from the AHRQ Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project found that opioid-related hospitalizations and emergency room visits for older Americans increased substantially between 2010 and 2015.
Audiovisual > Audiovisual Presentation
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. July 25, 2018.
Tracking the intersection of organizational culture with health information technology use can inform patient safety improvement efforts. This webinar introduced supplemental items to the AHRQ Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture and discussed the results of a pilot project integrating the items into assessment efforts. Featured speakers included Dr. Jeff Brady and Dr. Tejal Gandhi.