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- Communication Improvement 3
- Culture of Safety 1
- Education and Training 2
- Human Factors Engineering 4
- Legal and Policy Approaches 1
- Logistical Approaches 1
- Technologic Approaches
- Diagnostic Errors 1
- Discontinuities, Gaps, and Hand-Off Problems 1
- Interruptions and distractions 1
- Medication Safety 3
- Surgical Complications 1
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Cases & Commentaries
- Web M&M
Arpana Vidyarthi, MD; March 2004
Due to a series of incomplete signouts, information about a patient's post-operative leg pain and chest discomfort is not conveyed to the primary team. A PE is discovered post-mortem.
PA-PSRS Patient Saf Advis. September 2008;5:75-80.
This article analyzed reports of medication errors due to patient allergies and found that lack of patient or drug information contributed to many of these errors.
Journal Article > Commentary
Smetzer JL, Cohen MR. Hosp Pharm. 2008;43:869-872.
This monthly selection of error reports includes examples of confusion regarding medication delivery instructions and sound-alike mistakes involving epinephrine and ephedrine.
Journal Article > Study
Prewitt J, Schneider S, Horvath M, Hammond J, Jackson J, Ginsberg B. J Patient Saf. 2013;9:103-109.
Patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) devices were designed to provide safe administration of opiate analgesics, but PCA-related medication errors do still occur. Due to the dangers associated with opiate use, these errors can be fatal. This study provides a retrospective review of PCA adverse drug events at Duke University Hospital before and after implementation of clinical decision support with computerized provider order entry and PCA smart pump technology. The rate of adverse drug events per 1000 patient PCA days decreased from 5.3 (pre-intervention) to 4.2 (post-intervention). This modest but important improvement supports medical centers' investment in these strategies. A prior AHRQ WebM&M commentary discusses a case of a fatal PCA overdose.