Narrow Results Clear All
Search results for ""
Tools/Toolkit > Fact Sheet/FAQs
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; Revised December 2009. AHRQ Publication No. 10-M008.
This tip sheet provides 10 practical steps hospitals can undertake to improve patient safety, based on research funded by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. The tips can be grouped into three areas: 1) reducing health care-acquired infections and retained surgical instruments through use of specific clinical practices; 2) improving drug safety by ensuring access to accurate drug information; and 3) improving the culture of safety through appropriate staffing and work hours for nurses and residents. These tips are based on high-quality research studies documenting the effectiveness of these interventions at reducing errors and improving safety for a broad range of patients.
Journal Article > Study
Testing the association between Patient Safety Indicators and hospital structural characteristics in VA and nonfederal hospitals.
Rivard PE, Elixhauser A, Christiansen CL, Zhao S, Rosen AK. Med Care Res Rev. 2010;67:321-341.
This study found little correlation between the number of hospital beds and level of nurse staffing and the likelihood of AHRQ Patient Safety Indicators (PSI) events. On the other hand, it found that teaching hospitals were more likely to suffer certain PSIs. This study adds to prior evidence that there is relatively little correlation between structural features of hospitals and patient safety. That said, it is worth recalling that PSIs have not been shown to be highly reliable measures of safety.
Journal Article > Review
Shekelle PG. Ann Intern Med. 2013;158(5 Pt 2):404-409.
Higher nurse staffing levels appear to be associated with reduced inpatient mortality and adverse events, according to this AHRQ-funded systematic review published as part of a patient safety supplement in the Annals of Internal Medicine. However, implementation of this strategy is limited by the fact that no study yet has prospectively evaluated the effect of an intentional change in nurse–patient ratios.