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Journal Article > Study
Prewitt J, Schneider S, Horvath M, Hammond J, Jackson J, Ginsberg B. J Patient Saf. 2013;9:103-109.
Patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) devices were designed to provide safe administration of opiate analgesics, but PCA-related medication errors do still occur. Due to the dangers associated with opiate use, these errors can be fatal. This study provides a retrospective review of PCA adverse drug events at Duke University Hospital before and after implementation of clinical decision support with computerized provider order entry and PCA smart pump technology. The rate of adverse drug events per 1000 patient PCA days decreased from 5.3 (pre-intervention) to 4.2 (post-intervention). This modest but important improvement supports medical centers' investment in these strategies. A prior AHRQ WebM&M commentary discusses a case of a fatal PCA overdose.
Web Resource > Government Resource
Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology.
Overdoses of opioid medications are considered an epidemic in the United States. This website provides access to various resources for hospitals and clinicians to help them address this patient safety concern. Sections include guidelines, clinical decision support, electronic prescribing, and prescription drug monitoring programs.