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- Communication Improvement 1
- Culture of Safety 1
- Education and Training 1
- Error Reporting and Analysis
- Legal and Policy Approaches 1
- Quality Improvement Strategies
- Clinical Information Systems 2
- Discontinuities, Gaps, and Hand-Off Problems 1
- Identification Errors 1
- Medical Complications
- Medication Safety 1
- Surgical Complications 2
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Perspectives on Safety > Perspective
with commentary by Ashish K. Jha, MD, MPH, The Transformation of Patient Safety at the VA, September 2006
Five years after the landmark Crossing the Quality Chasm report by the Institute of Medicine (IOM), the quality and safety of health care in the United States remains far from ideal.(1) It is easy to feel pessimistic. Can health care organizations really...
Journal Article > Study
Fry DE, Pine M, Jones BL, Meimban RJ. Arch Surg. 2010;145:148-151.
The term never event was originally coined to describe rare, devastating, and preventable events like wrong-site surgery or fatal medication errors. This definition has expanded over time to include a variety of serious adverse events; for some of them (i.e., certain health care–associated infections), the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services denies additional reimbursement. This article sought to determine if eight never events (mostly infectious complications of surgery) are truly preventable, by examining whether baseline patient characteristics could predict which patients would experience a never event. The authors found that incidence of most of these complications could be predicted on the basis of preexisting conditions or the specific surgical procedure performed, calling into question whether these events are truly preventable. This study exemplifies research into the "basic science" of patient safety; a prior commentary called for studies focusing on identifying truly preventable harm and developing accurate, reliable measurement standards.
Journal Article > Review
Taub N, Baker R, Khunti K, et al. Diabet Med. 2010;27:1322-1326.
This study found little research on safety improvement methods in the primary care of diabetes.
Wetzel TG. Health Data Manage. 2011 Feb;19:86, 88, 90 passim.
This article discusses how several health care organizations used health information technology to improve organizational transparency.
Journal Article > Study
Lipczak H, Knudsen JL, Nissen A. BMJ Qual Saf. 2011;20:1052-1056.
A comprehensive view of patient safety hazards requires identifying safety issues through multiple data sources. This Danish study analyzed safety problems in oncology care through voluntary error reports, retrospective chart review using the Global Trigger Tool, and patient reports. While each data source revealed unique hazards, common problems in this patient population included treatment-related harm (from chemotherapy and other procedures), health care–associated infections, and problems related to communication between providers. An AHRQ WebM&M commentary discusses a preventable complication in a patient receiving outpatient chemotherapy.