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Cases & Commentaries
- Spotlight Case
- Web M&M
Chase Coffey, MD, MS; November 2010
A man returns to the emergency department 11 days after hospital discharge in worsening condition. With no follow-up on a urine culture and sensitivity sent during his hospitalization, the patient had been taking the wrong antibiotic for a UTI.
Perspectives on Safety > Perspective
with commentary by Nancy C. Elder, MD, MSPH, Outpatient Safety, May 2006
Dr. Jones was sure he had increased Mr. H's cholesterol-lowering medication to 80 mg 6 months ago, but, at his visit today, his pill bottle still says 40 mg. In reviewing Ms. B's chart in preparation for performing a well-woman examination, Dr. Smith find...
Perspectives on Safety > Perspective
with commentary by David P. Sklar, MD; Cameron Crandall, MD, Patient Safety in Emergency Medicine, June 2010
Emergency medicine has evolved from a location, with variably trained and experienced providers ("the ER"), to a discipline with a well-defined knowledge base and skill set that focus on the diagnosis and care of undifferentiated acute problems.(1) The importance of rapid diagnosis and treatment of serious conditions (e.g., myocardial infarction, stroke, trauma, and sepsis) has made timeliness not simply a determinant of patient satisfaction but also a significant safety and quality concern—delays in care can be deadly.(2) Emergency physicians (EPs) have identified delays caused by crowding from boarding of admitted patients as their most significant safety problem.(3) We present a model for understanding emergency department (ED) patient safety and identify solutions by deconstructing care into three realms: individual provider, patient, and environmental system (Table).
Journal Article > Study
Elston Lafata J, Simpkins J, Kaatz S, et al. Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf. 2007;33:395-400.
Drug–drug interactions resulting in adverse drug events are common causes of preventable harm to patients. This study used retrospective medical record review to assess if physicians were aware of potential drug–drug interactions, and if so, if patient education was provided. Although physicians generally documented medication lists appropriately, patient education on the potential for drug interactions and their symptoms was generally not documented. Though lack of documentation does not always indicate lack of knowledge or inappropriate management, the study results raise the concern that patients may be left unaware of the risks of polypharmacy.
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. June 20, 2007.
This podcast discusses the importance of handwashing to reduce infections in hospitals as well as how consumers can help improve clinician compliance.
ISMP Medication Safety Alert! Acute Care Edition. January 14, 2010;15:1-4.
This newsletter article details findings of an ISMP survey on how the economy is affecting patient safety efforts in United States hospitals. Many respondents reported that medication safety initiatives have been scaled back since the economic downturn.
Famolaro T, Yount ND, Hare R, et al. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; April 2019. AHRQ Publication No. 19-0033.
The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality conducts safety culture surveys in a wide variety of clinical settings and makes the results publicly available on a regular basis. This report contains responses to the Community Pharmacy Survey on Patient Safety Culture from 331 participating pharmacies, most of which were chain drugstores or pharmacies within integrated health systems. The areas of strength were similar to the 2015 report, with most community pharmacies scoring well for patient counseling and openness of communication regarding unsafe situations. Inadequate staffing and production pressures were the commonly identified barriers to safety. A PSNet perspective explored safety issues in the community pharmacy setting in detail.