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Education and Training
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Cases & Commentaries
- Web M&M
Arpana Vidyarthi, MD; March 2004
Due to a series of incomplete signouts, information about a patient's post-operative leg pain and chest discomfort is not conveyed to the primary team. A PE is discovered post-mortem.
Cases & Commentaries
- Web M&M
Darrell Campbell, Jr., MD; June 2004
Despite persuasion from a surgical resident that her mother's life was in danger, a patient's daughter refuses consent for surgery on her mother. This was wise, since the procedure was intended for a different patient with the same unusual surname.
Journal Article > Commentary
Medication errors in family practice, in hospitals and after discharge from the hospital: an ethical analysis.
Clark PA. J Law Med Ethics. 2004;32:349-357.
In this article, the author urges the medical community to universally apply the systems approach to safety toward the reduction of medical errors. The author calls for health care to take medication errors more seriously and for patients to help drive improvement.
Journal Article > Review
Neale G, Vincent C, Darzi SA. J R Soc Promot Health. 2007;127:87-94.
The authors discuss the history of quality and safety initiatives in the United Kingdom and offer suggestions on how to improve physician involvement in these initiatives.
Victoria Times Colonist. March 26, 2007.
This article reports on findings from an investigation into hospital-acquired infections in British Columbia.
Legislation/Regulation > Pennsylvania Legislation
General Assembly of Pennsylvania. SB968 (2007).
This bill requires that Pennsylvania hospitals and nursing homes implement an internal infection control plan and report hospital-acquired infections.
Pear R. New York Times. August 19, 2007.
This article reports on a new Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) rule mandating that Medicare will no longer pay for treating certain preventable errors starting in 2008, including some hospital-acquired infections, decubitus ulcers, and retained foreign bodies. The policy is generating considerable discussion in patient safety circles, with some expressing concerns regarding the economic impact on hospitals and the increased efforts it is likely to create for hospitals to document certain patient problems present at the time of admission.
Kowalczyk L. Boston Globe. September 17, 2007;Metro section:1A.
This article reports on how numerous Massachusetts hospitals have implemented policies to waive charges for the set of serious errors categorized as never events.
Lerner M. Star Tribune. September 18, 2007;News section:5B.
This article reports on Minnesota's adoption of a policy for hospitals to not charge patients or insurers for never events or consequent treatment.
Carpenter D. Hosp Health Netw. November 2007;81:34-38.
Levinson DR. Washington, DC: US Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Inspector General; January 2008. Report No. OEI-02-06-00310.
This report examines the operation and staffing of 109 physician-owned specialty hospitals and identifies shortcomings in the availability of emergency services.
Fuhrmans V. Wall Street Journal. January 15, 2008:D1.
This article reports on health insurance companies adopting the tactic of not paying for preventable errors, which parallels a similar federal decision.
Health-Care-Associated Infections in Hospitals: Leadership Needed from HHS to Prioritize Prevention Practices and Improve Data on these Infections.
Washington, DC: United States Government Accountability Office; March 31, 2008. Publication GAO-08-283.
This report examines US government standards, procedures, and data collection methods related to health-care-associated infections (HAI) and recommends increased integration across program databases.
O'Reilly KB. American Medical News. May 12, 2008.
This article reports that the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) has proposed expanding the list of hospital-acquired conditions that it will no longer cover.
NY Medicaid ups the ante: by refusing to pay for 14 'never events,' the nation's biggest Medicaid program could propel other states into action.
DerGurahian J. Mod Healthc. June 16, 2008;38:6.
Legislation/Regulation > Organizational Policy/Guidelines
Chicago, IL: American Hospital Association; February 12, 2008.
This quality advisory details principles adopted by the American Hospital Association Board of Trustees to guide the development of hospital no-charge policies.
More states shred bills for awful medical errors: patients in 23 states will no longer pay for certain mistakes, hospitals say.
Aleccia J. MSNBC News. August 12, 2008.
This article reports on the implementation and expansion of several states' non-payment policies for medical mistakes in light of similar policies set by Medicare and private insurance companies.
Ulmer C, Wolman DM, Johns MME, eds. Committee on Optimizing Graduate Medical Trainee (Resident) Hours and Work Schedule to Improve Patient Safety, Institute of Medicine. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press; 2008. ISBN: 9780309127721.
The 2003 regulations limiting housestaff work hours have had a profound impact on residency training. Although clinical outcomes appear to be unaffected, faculty and residents have expressed concern that education has been harmed, and the regulations' effect on patient safety remains unclear. The Institute of Medicine's report bases its recommendations on the growing body of research linking clinician fatigue and error, and recommends eliminating extended-duration shifts (defined as more than 16 hours), increasing days off, and improving sleep hygiene by reducing night duty and providing more scheduled sleep breaks. The report estimates that approximately $1.7 billion would be required to hire additional staff to allow residency programs to adhere to these recommendations. A related editorial discusses the balance between patient safety, resident safety, and resident education that was central to the development of these recommendations.
Journal Article > Commentary
Iglehart JK. N Engl J Med. 2008;359:2633-2635.
This editorial provides an overview of the 2008 Institute of Medicine recommendations for residency work hours, and discusses the relationship between duty hours and other important aspects of residency training such as supervision and patient handoffs. The article notes that the new recommendations represent a compromise between the sometimes competing objectives of improving patient safety, reducing resident workload and fatigue, and maintaining the quality of resident education.
Levinson DR. Washington, DC: US Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Inspector General; December 2008. Report No. OEI-06-07-00470.
The Tax Relief and Health Care Act of 2006 mandated that the Office of Inspector General (OIG) report to Congress the incidence of "never events" among Medicare beneficiaries, payment by Medicare for services in connection with such events, and the process used to identify events and deny payments. This report addresses that mandate by providing a descriptive analysis of the key issues to understanding hospital-based adverse events. The report is focused around discussion of seven critical issues that are explored in detail. Of note, OIG expanded the study of never events to the broader topic of adverse events in their analysis.