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Journal Article > Study
Volpp KG, Rosen AK, Rosenbaum PR, et al. J Gen Intern Med. 2009;10:1149-1155.
The safety impact of the ACGME trainee work hour restrictions remains controversial due to contrasting findings that have suggested benefit, harm, and no significant impact. This observational study analyzed all Medicare patients admitted to acute care facilities with a predefined set of primary diagnoses to estimate the 30-day mortality among high-severity medical admissions and the failure to rescue in postoperative surgical admissions. Investigators found no significant harm or benefit to patients with higher-severity illness compared with those with lower risk among both the medical and surgical patients. A past AHRQ WebM&M perspective discussed the impact of fatigue and extended shifts among trainees on the incidence of medical errors.
Journal Article > Study
Improving follow-up of abnormal cancer screens using electronic health records: trust but verify test result communication.
Singh H, Wilson L, Petersen LA, et al. BMC Med Inform Decis Mak. 2009;9:49.
Technical problems with an electronic reminder system resulted in failure to follow up many abnormal fecal occult blood test results.
Legislation/Regulation > Government Resource
Safety considerations to mitigate the risks of misconnections with small-bore connectors intended for enteral applications.
Rockville, MD: Center for Devices and Radiological Health, US Food and Drug Administration; February 11, 2015.
Design of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) duodenoscopes may impede effective cleaning.
FDA Safety Communication. Silver Spring, MD: US Food and Drug Administration; February 23, 2015.
Design limitations and production pressure may contribute to insufficient sterilization of complicated medical devices between uses. This announcement raises awareness of risks associated with inadequate cleaning of duodenoscopes that surfaced after a cluster of nosocomial infections at Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center.
Preventable tragedies: superbugs and how ineffective monitoring of medical device safety fails patients.
US Senate Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions Committee. January 13, 2016.
Insufficient sterilization of duodenoscopes and other medical equipment has been linked to health care–associated infection outbreaks. This report summarizes findings from a government investigation into existing methods for monitoring and reporting device problems and provides recommendations for Congress, hospitals, and the Food and Drug Administration to augment identification and prevention of safety issues associated with medical devices.