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- Culture of Safety
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- Legal and Policy Approaches 1
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- Transparency and Accountability 1
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Perspectives on Safety > Perspective
with commentary by Ashish K. Jha, MD, MPH, The Transformation of Patient Safety at the VA, September 2006
Five years after the landmark Crossing the Quality Chasm report by the Institute of Medicine (IOM), the quality and safety of health care in the United States remains far from ideal.(1) It is easy to feel pessimistic. Can health care organizations really...
Bernhard B. The Orange County Register. April 19, 2006.
This article reports on an Anaheim anesthesiologist's pre-surgery checklist, inspired by similar checklists used in the aviation industry.
Blum A. Business Week. August 15, 2006.
This article discusses how hospital design, including standardized operating rooms, better ventilation systems, and green design can improve patient safety and decrease costs.
Journal Article > Study
Seiden SC, Barach P. Arch Surg. 2006;141:931-939.
Although instances of wrong-site, wrong-procedure, and wrong-patient adverse events (WSPEs) have been widely publicized, the true incidence of such errors remains unclear. A prior study indicated a rate of approximately 1 case per 112,000 surgeries, but WSPEs may occur in the outpatient setting or in ambulatory surgery as well. In this study, the authors reviewed four databases to determine the incidence of all WSPEs, including procedures performed outside the operating room. Data from both mandatory and voluntary reporting systems indicates that approximately 1300 to 2700 WSPEs occur yearly, with many occurring during outpatient procedures. The authors argue that all WSPEs should be considered preventable, and recommend reporting and prevention standards for reducing such errors.
PA-PSRS Patient Saf Advis. June 2007;4:29, 32-45.
This article discusses reports of wrong-site surgery submitted to the PA-PSRS, compares them with results of other studies, and provides suggestions to reduce this type of error.
Gulliver D. Herald Tribune. September 3, 2007.
This article describes how the culture around medical errors is evolving to include disclosure and transparency, illustrated by a physician's willingness to discuss a wrong-site surgery.
National Priorities Partnership. Washington, DC: National Quality Forum; 2008. ISBN: 1933875194.
This report resulted from a consensus program involving 28 national organizations that sought to outline goals for improving the US health care system and share examples of such efforts in patient safety and other identified areas.
Journal Article > Study
Frey B, Ersch J, Bernet V, Baenziger O, Enderli L, Doell C. Qual Saf Health Care. 2009;18:446-449.
Parents of hospitalized children feel personally responsible for their children's safety, and efforts are being made to engage parents in safety efforts. This retrospective review of incident reports found more than 100 cases in a 5-year period in which parents were directly involved in adverse events in a pediatric intensive care unit. These included cases where parents detected an adverse event as well as cases where the parents caused the adverse event (for example, by accidentally disconnecting equipment). The authors advocate for development of a safety culture that encourages parents to report concerns, a goal that is a major focus of the Josie King Foundation.
Rojas-Burke J. The Oregonian. May 25, 2011.