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Web Resource > Multi-use Website
Harvard School of Public Health.
This Web site provides resources for the Safe Surgery initiative to implement the World Health Organization surgical safety checklist in every US hospital by 2015.
Maxfield D, Grenny J, Lavandero R, Groah L. Provo, UT: VitalSmarts; 2011.
Silence Kills was a 2005 report that highlighted communication failures that contribute to patient harm. These included broken rules, poor teamwork, and disruptive behaviors. This report builds on those findings based on a survey of more than 6500 nurses and nurse managers. Key findings suggested that existing safety tools, such as checklists, are not in themselves solutions to these communication failures. Nurses identified dangerous shortcuts, incompetence, and disrespect as three concerns that undermine systems designed to provide safer care. A past AHRQ WebM&M perspective and interview discuss the role of checklists in health care settings.
Tools/Toolkit > Government Resource
Washington, DC: US Department of Defense, Patient Safety Program.
Tools/Toolkit > Multi-use Website
Geneva, Switzerland: WHO World Alliance for Patient Safety; June 25, 2008.
This initiative provides a surgical safety checklist and related educational and training materials to encourage international adoption of a core set of safety standards. Implementation of this World Health Organization's checklist has resulted in dramatic reductions in surgical mortality and complications across diverse international hospitals. Surgical checklists have now become one of the clearest success stories in the patient safety movement, although some have described challenges to effective implementation. Dr. Atul Gawande discussed the history of checklists as a quality and safety tool in his book, The Checklist Manifesto: How to Get Things Right.