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Search results for "Government Resource"
- Government Resource
- Surgical Complications
US Food and Drug Administration. March 8, 2019.
Errors of commission during complex procedures can contribute to patient harm. Drawing from an analysis of medical device reports submitted to the Food and Drug Administration, this announcement seeks to raise awareness of common adverse events associated with surgical staplers and implantable staples. User-related problems include opening of the staple line, misapplied staples, and staple gun difficulties. Recommendations include ensuring availability of various staple sizes and avoiding use of staples on large blood vessels.
FDA Safety Communication: caution when using robotically-assisted surgical devices in women's health including mastectomy and other cancer-related surgeries.
MedWatch Safety Alert. Silver Spring, MD: US Food and Drug Administration; February 28, 2019.
This announcement seeks to raise awareness of the potential risks associated with the use of robotic-assisted surgical devices in mastectomies or cancer-related care. Recommendations for patients who may seek to have robotically assisted surgery include asking about their surgeon's experience with these procedures and discussing benefits, risks, and alternatives regarding available treatment options with their health care provider. Suggestions for health care providers include completing specialized training on procedures they perform. A WebM&M commentary described the challenges and benefits associated with robotic surgery.
AHRQ National Scorecard on Hospital-Acquired Conditions Updated Baseline Rates and Preliminary Results 2014–2016.
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; June 2018.
Reducing hospital-acquired conditions (HACs) such as health care-associated infections has been a major focus of quality improvement efforts, motivated in part by Medicare nonpayment and reporting. According to the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), HAC rates decreased by just over 20% between 2010 and 2015. In this report, AHRQ estimates that between 2014 and 2016, HAC reduction efforts resulted in an 8% decrease in events, $2.9 billion dollars in savings, and the prevention of about 8,000 deaths. While infections and adverse drug events decreased, pressure ulcers increased and represent an opportunity for further improvement. Overall, this report suggests that HAC reduction efforts continue to be successful.
MedWatch Safety Alert. Silver Spring, MD: US Food and Drug Administration. May 29, 2018.
Surgical fires can result in patient harm. This announcement provides information about causes of surgical fires and reviews FDA recommendations to prevent them, such as presurgery fire risk assessment, promoting team communication, and fire management planning. A WebM&M commentary discussed common sources of operating room fires and how to reduce risks.
St. Paul, MN: Minnesota Department of Health; March 2019.
The National Quality Forum has defined 29 never events—patient safety problems that should never occur, such as wrong-site surgery and patient falls. Since 2003, Minnesota hospitals have been required to report such incidents. The 2018 report summarizes information about 384 adverse events that were reported and found pressure ulcers and invasive procedure events increased, while fall-related deaths decreased. Reports from previous years are also available.
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. December 2017. AHRQ Publication No. 16(18)-0004-1-EF.
Large-scale collaboratives have achieved success in implementing patient safety improvements. This report describes the work and outcomes of a 3-year surgical safety program funded by AHRQ that involved more than 200 hospitals in the United States. The project employed models and tools to implement surgical site infection prevention strategies. Participants reported substantial reductions of surgical site infections in their facilities.
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; November 2017.
Preventing surgical complications including surgical site infections are a worldwide target for improvement. This toolkit builds on the success of the Comprehensive Unit-based Safety Program to initiate change. The tools represent practical strategies that helped members of a large-scale collaborative to identify areas of weakness, design improvements, and track the impact of the interventions.
Tools/Toolkit > Government Resource
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality: Rockville, MD.
US Senate Finance Committee. December 6, 2016.
The practice of scheduling concurrent surgeries has raised concerns about increased risks of surgeon distraction, procedure delay, and insufficient expertise available in the operating room. This United States Senate report summarizes findings of an inquiry that assessed insights from 17 hospitals regarding concurrent and overlapping surgical policies. Areas of concern identified by the investigation include a lack of available data on the patient outcomes associated with the practice and need for specific billing requirements.
Safer delivery of surgical services: a programme of controlled before-and-after intervention studies with pre-planned pooled data analysis.
McCulloch P, Morgan L, Flynn L, et al. Health Services and Delivery Research. Southampton, UK: NIHR Journals Library; 2016.
This publication reports five British hospitals' experiences with teamwork interventions in surgical teams. Although teamwork training alone improved how teams functioned, it did not always enhance clinical performance. The investigators found that integrated training that combines technical and social improvements, such as Lean, resulted in more effective improvements.
Boston, MA: Betsy Lehman Center for Patient Safety and Medical Error Reduction; 2016.
NHS England Patient Safety Domain, National Safety Standards for Invasive Procedures Group. London, UK: National Health Service; 2015.
Patients face risks when undergoing invasive procedures. This report provides recommendations developed by multidisciplinary consensus and outlines how organizations can implement the standards to improve safety of invasive procedures.
Audiovisual > Audiovisual Presentation
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. July 15, 2015.
Ambulatory surgery centers have been the focus of patient safety concerns due to high-profile incidents of harm. This webinar highlighted the AHRQ Ambulatory Surgery Center Survey on Patient Safety Culture, results of its pilot test, and insights from hospitals using the survey.
Tools/Toolkit > Government Resource
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; March 2019.
Ambulatory surgery centers are increasingly being used to provide surgical care. This survey seeks opinions from the field regarding safety culture in the ambulatory surgical center environment. The survey is presented with additional resources to help organizations assess their safety culture, including the results of a pilot program testing the survey and a user's guide. Ambulatory surgery centers that have used the survey can submit their data to the database from June 3–July 22.
Office of Health Care Quality. Baltimore, MD: Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene; 2018.
This annual report summarizes never events in Maryland hospitals over the previous year. From July 2016--June 2017, reported patient falls and pressure ulcers increased. The authors recommend several corrective actions to build on training and policy changes to guide improvement work, including improving use of hospital data to proactively manage risk and engaging hospital and departmental leaders in root cause analysis.
NHS England Never Events Taskforce. London, UK: NHS England; February 27, 2014.
Examining risks in surgical care such as deviation in practice, this report outlines strategies to improve outcomes, including better adoption of care standards, determining organizational safety policies, and multidisciplinary training initiatives.
Tools/Toolkit > Fact Sheet/FAQs
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; October 2012. AHRQ Publication No. 01-0040d.
This AHRQ brochure provides practical advice for patients facing non-emergent surgery, to help them be generally informed about the procedure, aware of the risks, and prepared to contribute to the safety of their experience.
Improving the Measurement of Surgical Site Infection Risk Stratification/Outcome Detection: Final Contract Report.
Price CS, Savitz LA. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; March 2012. AHRQ Publication No. 12-0046-EF.
This report explores techniques to detect and monitor surgical site infections (SSIs), evaluates a computer-assisted algorithm to identify patients at risk for SSIs, and makes recommendations to investigate surgery-specific risk factors.
Grant > Government Resource
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; September 2011.
This AHRQ announcement lists projects funded in 2011 to evaluate how simulation can improve patient safety and health care quality.
Tools/Toolkit > Fact Sheet/FAQs
Patient Fact Sheet. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; September 2011. AHRQ Publication No. 11-0089.
This fact sheet for patients provides recommendations to help them prevent medical errors when taking medications, during a hospital stay, and prior to having surgery.