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United States Federal Government
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Search results for "Government Resource"
Audiovisual > Audiovisual Presentation
Rockville, MD. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. June 2019.
Surveys are established mechanisms for organizational assessment of safety culture. This webinar provided an overview of the AHRQ Surveys on Patient Safety Culture. The presenters discussed the organizational characteristics required for successful web-based distribution of the survey and shared best practices for formatting, programming, and administering the surveys.
Veazie S, Peterson K, Bourne D. Washington, DC: Department of Veterans Affairs; May 2019.
This brief evaluated published accounts of frameworks for implementing high reliability organizations to examine which approaches have been most successful. The analysis identified five common implementation strategies: leadership development, data system utilization, quality improvement interventions, training and learning, and safety culture.
FDA identifies harm reported from sudden discontinuation of opioid pain medicines and requires label changes to guide prescribers on gradual, individualized tapering.
Silver Spring, MD: US Food and Drug Administration; April 9, 2019.
Efforts to address the opioid epidemic range from regulation to changes in pain management. This safety announcement raises awareness of potential harms associated with rapidly decreasing the dose of or discontinuing opioids for patients who may be physically dependent on the medication. It also announces a requirement regarding changes to prescribing information for opioids to provide expanded guidance on how to safely taper doses. Health care providers should discuss tapering plans with patients and provide ongoing monitoring and support.
Levinson DR. Washington, DC: US Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Inspector General; November 2018. Report No. OEI-06-14-00530.
Frail populations cared for in long-term care facilities are at high risk for adverse events. This report from the Office of the Inspector General (OIG) analyzed Medicare data from 2008 to 2016 to determine the prevalence of adverse events in long-term care facilities and the resultant harm to residents. Nearly half of patients experienced adverse events or temporary harm events. A significant proportion of these events were considered serious, meaning that they led to prolonged stay, transfer to acute care, provision of life-saving intervention, or resulted in permanent harm or death. More than half of these events were found to be preventable and were attributed either to error or substandard care. The OIG recommends that patient safety efforts undertaken by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality and the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services specifically address long-term care facilities. A past WebM&M commentary discussed safety and quality of long-term care.
Tools/Toolkit > Government Resource
Itasca, IL: American Academy of Pediatrics; 2018.
Diagnostic error prevention in primary care is a persistent challenge. This AHRQ-funded toolkit provides guidance for ambulatory care organizations that seek to improve the reliability of diagnosis in children. The material focuses on tactics to enhance how practices recognize, track, and follow up on adolescent depression, pediatric elevated blood pressure, and actionable laboratory results.
Tools/Toolkit > Fact Sheet/FAQs
Gray D, Azam I. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; October 2018. AHRQ Publication No. 18(19)-0033-4-EF.
The National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Reports review analysis specific to tracking patient safety challenges and improvements in areas of focus such as hospital-acquired infections. The most recent update documented more than two-thirds improvement in patient safety measures tracked. This set of tools includes summaries drawn from the reports for use in presentations to enhance distribution and application of the data.
Bethesda, MD: Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health. May 21, 2018. PA-18-790; PA-18-791.
Tools/Toolkit > Government Resource
Improving Your Office Testing Process: A Step by Step Guide for Rapid-Cycle Patient Safety and Quality Improvement.
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; January 2018.
This toolkit provides resources to help augment testing processes in ambulatory care settings, including tools for identifying areas of concern and measuring improvements.
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; November 2017.
Preventing surgical complications including surgical site infections are a worldwide target for improvement. This toolkit builds on the success of the Comprehensive Unit-based Safety Program to initiate change. The tools represent practical strategies that helped members of a large-scale collaborative to identify areas of weakness, design improvements, and track the impact of the interventions.
Web Resource > Course Material/Curriculum
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; September 2017.
Tools/Toolkit > Government Resource
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; 2017.
Both organizational culture and the physical environment affect the safety of care delivery. This toolkit provides resources to help organizations assess hazards related to the design of their facilities. The toolkit focuses on six areas of safety: infections, falls, medication errors, security, injuries of behavioral health, and patient handling.
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; April 2018.
Patient engagement in the process of care is important to improve safety in primary care. This guide includes case studies and highlights handoffs, teach-back, tools to prepare patients for appointments, and brown-bag medication management as strategies to encourage patients and caregivers to participate in safety.
Grant > Fact Sheet/FAQs
Partnership for Patients and the Hospital Improvement Innovation Networks: Continuing Forward Momentum on Reducing Patient Harm.
Fact Sheets. Baltimore, MD: Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services; September 29, 2016.
The Partnership for Patients program is credited with supporting harm reduction in hospitalized patients across the United States through the Hospital Engagement Networks (HEN). This fact sheet summarizes the next round of funding that will build on HEN accomplishments to support innovation with a goal of reducing hospital-acquired conditions and preventable readmissions by 2019.
Grant > Government Resource
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. PA-14-002.
This funding program will support research demonstration projects that explore systemic strategies to enhance medication safety. The submission process for the program is now closed.
Designing and Delivering Whole-Person Transitional Care: Hospital Guide to Reducing Medicaid Readmissions.
Boutwell A, Bourgoin A , Maxwell J, DeAngelis K, Genetti S, Savuto M, Snow J. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; September 2016. AHRQ Publication No.16-0047-EF.
This toolkit provides information for hospitals to help reduce preventable readmissions among Medicaid patients. Building on hospital experience with utilizing the materials since 2014, this updated guide explains how to determine root causes for readmissions, evaluate existing interventions, develop a set of improvement strategies, and optimize care transition processes.
Journal Article > Government Resource
Vital signs: epidemiology of sepsis: prevalence of health care factors and opportunities for prevention.
Novosad SA, Sapiano MR, Grigg C, et al. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2016;65:864-869.
Sepsis has been a significant focus of quality improvement initiatives. In this retrospective review, researchers sought to identify patient characteristics, risk factors, and infections that might inform sepsis diagnosis, treatment, and prevention efforts. The medical records of a random sample of 246 adult and 79 pediatric patients with codes for severe sepsis or septic shock across 4 New York hospitals were reviewed. Investigators found that 72% of patients had exposure to at least one health care factor during the 30 days prior to being admitted for sepsis or a medical condition requiring frequent health care contact. Pneumonia was the most frequently documented infection causing sepsis. They concluded that reducing sepsis will require an ongoing focus on infection prevention.
Levinson DR. Washington, DC: US Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Inspector General; July 2016. Report No. OEI-06-14-00110.
The Office of the Inspector General (OIG) has issued a series of reports analyzing the incidence and preventability of adverse events among Medicare beneficiaries receiving care in acute care hospitals and skilled nursing facilities. This report used similar methodology based on trigger tools to determine adverse event incidence among patients in rehabilitation hospitals—post-acute care facilities that provide intensive rehabilitation to patients recovering from hospitalization for an acute illness or injury. The study found that 29% of patients experienced an adverse event during their stay, a proportion nearly identical to rates at acute care hospitals and skilled nursing facilities. Nearly half of the events were considered preventable, with the most common types of events including pressure ulcers, delirium, and medication errors. Nearly one-fourth of patients who had an adverse event required transfer to an acute care hospital for diagnosis or management, leading to a large increase in costs of care. Based on these data, the OIG has recommended that the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality and Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services disseminate information about patient harms in the rehabilitation setting and work to improve safety at rehabilitation hospitals. A previous WebM&M commentary discussed an adverse event at a rehabilitation facility.
Audiovisual > Audiovisual Presentation
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; July 2016.
This toolkit provides resources to help hospitals to augment safety. The updated toolkit represents adjustments made to the AHRQ Quality Indicators to support the transition from ICD-9 to ICD-10, experience from testing in hospitals, and materials targeted to inform leadership of the program. The toolkit is structured around enhancing multidisciplinary teamwork by completing a series of steps such as assessing the organizational readiness for a change initiative, implementing improvements, and determining the return on investment of the programs.
Simmons S, Schnelle J, Slagle J, et al. Technical Brief No. 24. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; May 2016. AHRQ Publication No. 16-EHC022-EF.
Efforts to maintain patient autonomy can detract from ensuring residents' safety in nursing homes. Common safety issues in nursing homes are medication errors, falls, and inappropriate use of restraints. This technical brief discusses gaps in the research base that hinder understanding of the safety hazards in the residential care environment.
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Health Care Innovations Exchange. May 18, 2016.