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Bootman JL, Harrison DL, Cox E. Arch Intern Med. 1997;157:2089-2096.
This study discusses a statistical model to estimate costs associated with drug-related problems in nursing facilities. Using decision analysis techniques and an expert panel of physicians and pharmacists, investigators designed conditional probabilities attributable to drug therapy. Their findings suggest that, for every dollar spent on drug therapy, nearly $1.33 in health care resources are consumed in the treatment of drug-related problems. The authors conclude that improved collaboration among physicians and pharmacists in the nursing home population is likely to reduce the economic impact of drug-related adverse events.
Committee on the Work Environment for Nurses and Patient Safety, Board on Health Care Services, Page A, ed. Washington, DC: National Academies Press; 2004.
This AHRQ-funded Institute of Medicine study identifies solutions to problems in hospital, nursing home, and other health care organization work environments that threaten patient safety in nursing care. The report provides a blueprint of actions for all health care organizations that rely on nurses. The report's findings and recommendations address the related issues of management practices, workforce capability, work design, and organizational safety culture.