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Search results for "Government Resource"
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- Medication Errors/Preventable Adverse Drug Events
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Weiss AJ, Freeman WJ, Heslin KC, Barrett ML. HCUP Statistical Brief #234. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; January 2018.
Adverse drug events (ADEs) are common and can result in patient harm. This report analyzes data from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project to compare characteristics of hospital inpatient stays involving an ADE from 2010 and 2014. Information revealed by the data include impacts on length of stay, average costs, and whether the ADE occurred in the hospital or prior to admission.
Journal Article > Government Resource
Characteristics of initial prescription episodes and likelihood of long-term opioid use—United States, 2006–2015.
Shah A, Hayes CJ, Martin BC. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2017;66:265-269.
Opioid use has become a growing patient safety concern. Recent studies have documented wide variation in opioid prescribing for acute pain and a significant rate of chronic opioid use after patients receive a first prescription for an acute indication. This retrospective medical record review study identified risk factors for remaining on an opioid medication for more than 1 year following their initial prescription. Older, female, and publicly or self-insured patients were more likely to remain on an opioid compared with younger, male, and privately insured patients. Patients started on higher doses (cumulative dose ≥ 700 mg morphine equivalent), provided prescriptions with longer duration (more than 10 days), or given 3 or more prescriptions for opioids were most likely to continue to use opioid medications 1 year later. The authors recommend prescribing fewer than 7 days of opioids for acute pain and adhering to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention guideline for opioid use to improve prescribing practices.
Grissinger M. PA-PSRS Patient Saf Advis. December 2016;13:137-148.
Drawing from reports of medication errors submitted over a 7-year period to the Pennsylvania Patient Safety Authority, this analysis found that common problems included drug incompatibility and drug–drug interaction. The article cautions against relying on drug ordering alerts as the sole strategy for preventing potentially harmful prescribing.
Rider BB, Gaunt MJ, Grissinger M. PA-PSRS Patient Saf Advis. September 2016;13:81-91.
Washington, DC: Department of Veterans Affairs, Office of Inspector General; October 23, 2013. Report No. 13-00505-348.
Tools/Toolkit > Government Resource
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; July 2018.
This survey and accompanying toolkit were developed to collect opinions of community pharmacy staff on the safety culture at their pharmacies. The data collection process for the latest national comparison is now closed.
Tools/Toolkit > Fact Sheet/FAQs
FDA Consumer Health Information. Rockville, MD: US Food and Drug Administration; February 20, 2009.
This fact sheet discusses the role of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in reducing medication errors and describes examples of such errors for consumers.
PA-PSRS Patient Saf Advis. May 2007;4(suppl 2):1-8.
This article shares findings from a workgroup that assessed the efficacy of pharmacy computer systems in detecting unsafe medication orders. The 30 Pennsylvania hospitals that participated in the workgroup found that their systems were not catching all unsafe orders.
Journal Article > Government Resource
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2006;55:1016-1017.
This article reports on an investigation into clusters of mistakes involving the misadministration of a vaccine.
In: On the State of the Public Health: Annual Report of the Chief Medical Officer 2004. London, England: Department of Health; 2005.
This chapter analyzes compliance with National Health Service patient safety alerts, as outlined in An Organization with a Memory, in four risk areas and makes recommendations for improving compliance.