Narrow Results Clear All
- Communication Improvement 13
- Culture of Safety 17
- Education and Training 11
- Error Reporting and Analysis
- Human Factors Engineering 8
- Legal and Policy Approaches 10
- Logistical Approaches 4
- Quality Improvement Strategies 24
- Specialization of Care 1
- Teamwork 6
- Clinical Information Systems 3
- Transparency and Accountability 2
- Device-related Complications 2
- Diagnostic Errors 4
- Discontinuities, Gaps, and Hand-Off Problems 8
- Drug shortages 1
- Failure to rescue 1
- Identification Errors 1
- Medical Complications 10
- Medication Safety 24
- Nonsurgical Procedural Complications 1
- Overtreatment 1
- Psychological and Social Complications 5
- Surgical Complications 13
- Internal Medicine 12
- Nursing 2
- Pharmacy 7
- Family Members and Caregivers 2
- Health Care Executives and Administrators 93
Health Care Providers
- Nurses 2
Non-Health Care Professionals
- Media 1
- Patients 17
- Australia and New Zealand 1
- Europe 25
- Canada 7
- United States of America 84
Search results for "Book/Report"
- Error Analysis
Cullen A. Uitgeverij van Brug: The Hague, The Netherlands; 2019. ISBN: 9789065232236.
Patient stories offer important insights regarding the impact medical errors have on patients and their families. This book shares the author's experience with medical error and spotlights how lack of transparency in European health care can contribute to avoidable process failures that result in patient harm.
Boston, MA: Institute for Healthcare Improvement; 2019.
This toolkit provides access to nine key tools to help organizations improve teamwork, incident analysis, and communication as well as templates to support their use and instructions to begin associated processes. Featured tools include the Situation-Background-Assessment-Recommendation approach, huddle agendas, and failure modes and effects analysis.
Lim R, Semple S, Ellett LK, Roughead L. Canberra, Australia: Pharmaceutical Society of Australia; 2019.
Analyzing the evidence on medication errors in Australia, this report estimates the incidence of acute care admissions, emergency department use, ambulatory adverse events, and elderly patients affected by medication-related problems. Pharmacists are emphasized as pivotal to medication safety improvement efforts.
Levinson DR. Washington, DC: US Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Inspector General; November 2018. Report No. OEI-06-14-00530.
Frail populations cared for in long-term care facilities are at high risk for adverse events. This report from the Office of the Inspector General (OIG) analyzed Medicare data from 2008 to 2016 to determine the prevalence of adverse events in long-term care facilities and the resultant harm to residents. Nearly half of patients experienced adverse events or temporary harm events. A significant proportion of these events were considered serious, meaning that they led to prolonged stay, transfer to acute care, provision of life-saving intervention, or resulted in permanent harm or death. More than half of these events were found to be preventable and were attributed either to error or substandard care. The OIG recommends that patient safety efforts undertaken by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality and the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services specifically address long-term care facilities. A past WebM&M commentary discussed safety and quality of long-term care.
Opioid-Related Inpatient Stays and Emergency Department Visits Among Patients Aged 65 Years and Older, 2010 and 2015.
Weiss AJ, Heslin KC, Barrett ML, Izar R, Bierman IR. HCUP Statistical Brief #244. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; September 2018.
Polypharmacy, chronic conditions, and mental health needs can contribute to misuse of opioids. This data analysis from the AHRQ Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project found that opioid-related hospitalizations and emergency room visits for older Americans increased substantially between 2010 and 2015.
Understanding the knowledge gaps in whistleblowing and speaking up in health care: narrative reviews of the research literature and formal inquiries, a legal analysis and stakeholder interviews.
Mannion R, Blenkinsopp J, Powell M, et al. Health Services and Delivery Research. Southampton, UK: NIHR Journals Library; 2018.
Staff willingness to speak up about safety and process concerns enables organization and practice improvements that prevent patient harm. This review explores challenges to raising concerns in the National Health Service and discusses policies that support whistleblowers. Further research is needed to examine organizational failures when concerns are reported.
AHRQ National Scorecard on Hospital-Acquired Conditions Updated Baseline Rates and Preliminary Results 2014–2016.
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; June 2018.
Reducing hospital-acquired conditions (HACs) such as health care-associated infections has been a major focus of quality improvement efforts, motivated in part by Medicare nonpayment and reporting. According to the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), HAC rates decreased by just over 20% between 2010 and 2015. In this report, AHRQ estimates that between 2014 and 2016, HAC reduction efforts resulted in an 8% decrease in events, $2.9 billion dollars in savings, and the prevention of about 8,000 deaths. While infections and adverse drug events decreased, pressure ulcers increased and represent an opportunity for further improvement. Overall, this report suggests that HAC reduction efforts continue to be successful.
Swensen S, Strongwater S, Mohta NS. NEJM Catalyst: Insights Report. April 12, 2018.
Clinician burnout presents challenges to organizational and patient safety. This publication summarizes survey responses from clinical leadership, health care executives, and clinicians regarding the extent of the problem and solutions to reduce its prevalence in health care. Respondents considered organizations to be accountable for improvement and they reported self-care as important to manage the impact of burnout.
Famolaro T, Yount N, Hare, R, et al. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; March 2018. AHRQ Publication No. 18-0025-EF.
Establishing a culture of safety is a cornerstone of efforts to develop high reliability organizations that ensure patient safety. The AHRQ Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture is a validated survey that is widely used to assess safety culture. The survey examines organizational perceptions of 12 domains of culture ranging from communication about errors to teamwork within and across units. AHRQ has provided comparative benchmarking user data since 2007. The 2018 report includes data from 630 hospitals, 306 of which provided data for both the 2018 and 2016 databases. Notable changes since 2016 include improvement in the overall perception of safety, with most participating hospitals reporting positive perceptions of management support for safety, teamwork within units, and organizational responses to errors. In contrast, handoffs, staffing, and nonpunitive response to error remained patient safety concerns for nearly half of respondents, with little to no improvement since 2016. A PSNet interview with Professor Mary Dixon-Woods discussed the evolving understanding of safety culture and recent insights into mechanisms driving safety culture improvement.
Dusenbery M. New York, NY: HarperOne; 2018. ISBN: 9780062470805.
Implicit biases can affect diagnostic decision-making. This book discusses biases and cultural limitations that influence the safety of women's health care. Systemic problems are highlighted, such as lack of respect for patient concerns and insufficient biomedical research examining treatments and their effect on women.
St. Paul, MN: Minnesota Department of Health; March 2019.
The National Quality Forum has defined 29 never events—patient safety problems that should never occur, such as wrong-site surgery and patient falls. Since 2003, Minnesota hospitals have been required to report such incidents. The 2018 report summarizes information about 384 adverse events that were reported and found pressure ulcers and invasive procedure events increased, while fall-related deaths decreased. Reports from previous years are also available.
Elliott RA, Camacho E, Campbell F, et al. Policy Research Unit in Economic Evaluation of Health and Care Interventions. Sheffield, United Kingdom: University of Sheffield and University of York; 2018.
Medication errors represent a significant source of preventable patient harm. Prior research has shown that medication errors occur frequently and are associated with a longer hospital stay and increased costs. This report from the Policy Research Unit in Economic Evaluation of Health and Care Interventions synthesizes the evidence regarding the burden of medication errors in the England. The authors estimate that 237 million medication errors occur annually and that 66 million of these errors may be clinically significant. The majority of potentially harmful errors likely occur in the outpatient setting where most medications in the National Health Service are prescribed. Costs associated with errors seem to vary widely. A prior WebM&M commentary described a case in which a medication error led to serious patient harm.
Disability Law Center. Boston, MA: February 2018.
Patients with mental health concerns are vulnerable to harm from medication errors. This investigation report describes factors that contributed to the deaths of two psychiatric inpatients and identifies weaknesses in monitoring, polypharmacy review, and off-label medication use as primary concerns.
Weiss AJ, Freeman WJ, Heslin KC, Barrett ML. HCUP Statistical Brief #234. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; January 2018.
Adverse drug events (ADEs) are common and can result in patient harm. This report analyzes data from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project to compare characteristics of hospital inpatient stays involving an ADE from 2010 and 2014. Information revealed by the data include impacts on length of stay, average costs, and whether the ADE occurred in the hospital or prior to admission.
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. December 2017. AHRQ Publication No. 16(18)-0004-1-EF.
Large-scale collaboratives have achieved success in implementing patient safety improvements. This report describes the work and outcomes of a 3-year surgical safety program funded by AHRQ that involved more than 200 hospitals in the United States. The project employed models and tools to implement surgical site infection prevention strategies. Participants reported substantial reductions of surgical site infections in their facilities.
London, UK: Parliamentary and Health Service Ombudsman; 2017. ISBN: 9781528601344.
Patients with mental health conditions face particular safety challenges. This report describes incidents involving patients with eating disorders who experienced harm while receiving care in National Health Service organizations. Factors that contributed to the failures included poor care coordination, premature discharge, and lack of monitoring. The report discusses gaps in the investigations of these patient deaths and outlines areas of improvement.
Child Health Patient Safety Organization. Washington, DC: Children's Hospital Association; 2017.
Oakbrook Terrace, IL: Joint Commission Resources; 2017. ISBN: 9781599409849.
Root cause analysis has been widely adopted as a strategy to investigate events, despite questions regarding its effectiveness in health care. This book provides information about updated approaches to root cause analysis, including how this strategy enables design of proactive and reactive improvements.
Getting Ahead of Harm Before It Happens: A Guide About Proactive Analysis for Improving Surgical Care Safety.
Wiley K, Davies JM. Edmonton, AB: Canadian Patient Safety Institute; 2017.
Proactive analysis can help uncover process weaknesses and ensure improvements are implemented before patients experience harm. This guide provides insights for organizations who seek to implement proactive analysis strategies. Tools and models discussed include Reason's Swiss cheese model and Systems Engineering Initiative for Patient Safety.
Stahel PF, ed. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Education/Medical; 2017. ISBN: 9780071842631.
Surgical residency can be a stressful learning experience. This textbook provides an introduction to nontechnical aspects of safe surgical practice, a collection of case studies that illustrate technical challenges in the operating room, and insights regarding other elements of health care that can affect the safety of surgical care, such as health information technology.