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Search results for "Government Resource"
- Government Resource
US Food and Drug Administration. March 8, 2019.
Errors of commission during complex procedures can contribute to patient harm. Drawing from an analysis of medical device reports submitted to the Food and Drug Administration, this announcement seeks to raise awareness of common adverse events associated with surgical staplers and implantable staples. User-related problems include opening of the staple line, misapplied staples, and staple gun difficulties. Recommendations include ensuring availability of various staple sizes and avoiding use of staples on large blood vessels.
FDA Safety Communication: caution when using robotically-assisted surgical devices in women's health including mastectomy and other cancer-related surgeries.
MedWatch Safety Alert. Silver Spring, MD: US Food and Drug Administration; February 28, 2019.
This announcement seeks to raise awareness of the potential risks associated with the use of robotic-assisted surgical devices in mastectomies or cancer-related care. Recommendations for patients who may seek to have robotically assisted surgery include asking about their surgeon's experience with these procedures and discussing benefits, risks, and alternatives regarding available treatment options with their health care provider. Suggestions for health care providers include completing specialized training on procedures they perform. A WebM&M commentary described the challenges and benefits associated with robotic surgery.
FDA Safety Communication: use caution with implanted pumps for intrathecal administration of medicines for pain management.
MedWatch Safety Alert. Silver Spring, MD: US Food and Drug Administration; November 14, 2018.
This safety announcement raises awareness of pump failures, dosing errors, and other potential safety issues associated with implanted pumps. Recommendations to enhance safety include review of medication labeling to select appropriate medicines and concentrations as well as open discussions with patients about risks associated with pump and medication options.
AHRQ National Scorecard on Hospital-Acquired Conditions Updated Baseline Rates and Preliminary Results 2014–2016.
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; June 2018.
Reducing hospital-acquired conditions (HACs) such as health care-associated infections has been a major focus of quality improvement efforts, motivated in part by Medicare nonpayment and reporting. According to the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), HAC rates decreased by just over 20% between 2010 and 2015. In this report, AHRQ estimates that between 2014 and 2016, HAC reduction efforts resulted in an 8% decrease in events, $2.9 billion dollars in savings, and the prevention of about 8,000 deaths. While infections and adverse drug events decreased, pressure ulcers increased and represent an opportunity for further improvement. Overall, this report suggests that HAC reduction efforts continue to be successful.
MedWatch Safety Alert. Silver Spring, MD: US Food and Drug Administration. May 29, 2018.
Surgical fires can result in patient harm. This announcement provides information about causes of surgical fires and reviews FDA recommendations to prevent them, such as presurgery fire risk assessment, promoting team communication, and fire management planning. A WebM&M commentary discussed common sources of operating room fires and how to reduce risks.
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. December 2017. AHRQ Publication No. 16(18)-0004-1-EF.
Large-scale collaboratives have achieved success in implementing patient safety improvements. This report describes the work and outcomes of a 3-year surgical safety program funded by AHRQ that involved more than 200 hospitals in the United States. The project employed models and tools to implement surgical site infection prevention strategies. Participants reported substantial reductions of surgical site infections in their facilities.
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; November 2017.
Preventing surgical complications including surgical site infections are a worldwide target for improvement. This toolkit builds on the success of the Comprehensive Unit-based Safety Program to initiate change. The tools represent practical strategies that helped members of a large-scale collaborative to identify areas of weakness, design improvements, and track the impact of the interventions.
Tools/Toolkit > Government Resource
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality: Rockville, MD.
US Senate Finance Committee. December 6, 2016.
The practice of scheduling concurrent surgeries has raised concerns about increased risks of surgeon distraction, procedure delay, and insufficient expertise available in the operating room. This United States Senate report summarizes findings of an inquiry that assessed insights from 17 hospitals regarding concurrent and overlapping surgical policies. Areas of concern identified by the investigation include a lack of available data on the patient outcomes associated with the practice and need for specific billing requirements.
Safer delivery of surgical services: a programme of controlled before-and-after intervention studies with pre-planned pooled data analysis.
McCulloch P, Morgan L, Flynn L, et al. Health Services and Delivery Research. Southampton, UK: NIHR Journals Library; 2016.
This publication reports five British hospitals' experiences with teamwork interventions in surgical teams. Although teamwork training alone improved how teams functioned, it did not always enhance clinical performance. The investigators found that integrated training that combines technical and social improvements, such as Lean, resulted in more effective improvements.
Famolaro T, Yount ND, Hare R, Thornton S, Sorra J. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; May 2016. AHRQ Publication No. 16-0028-EF.
For more than a decade, the Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture has been used in hospitals to evaluate aspects of local organizational culture that affect patient safety. Improved patient safety culture scores have been associated with reduced adverse events and better patient outcomes. The Medical Office Survey on Patient Safety Culture expands this widely used tool for application in the medical office setting. The 2016 User Comparative Database includes data from more than 25,000 respondents across 1,528 medical offices that completed the survey between 2013 and 2015. As with similar databases for hospitals and pharmacies, this resource serves as a tool for benchmarking performance and identifying potential areas for improvement. Teamwork and patient care tracking received the strongest positive scores, whereas work pressure and pace was identified as the area with the most potential for improvement. A prior PSNet perspective discussed establishing a safety culture.
Improving Patient Safety in Ambulatory Surgery Centers: A Resource List for Users of the AHRQ Ambulatory Surgery Center Survey on Patient Safety Culture.
Rockville, MD; Agency for Healthcare Quality and Research; March 2016.
Boston, MA: Betsy Lehman Center for Patient Safety and Medical Error Reduction; 2016.
NHS England Patient Safety Domain, National Safety Standards for Invasive Procedures Group. London, UK: National Health Service; 2015.
Patients face risks when undergoing invasive procedures. This report provides recommendations developed by multidisciplinary consensus and outlines how organizations can implement the standards to improve safety of invasive procedures.
Audiovisual > Audiovisual Presentation
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. July 15, 2015.
Ambulatory surgery centers have been the focus of patient safety concerns due to high-profile incidents of harm. This webinar highlighted the AHRQ Ambulatory Surgery Center Survey on Patient Safety Culture, results of its pilot test, and insights from hospitals using the survey.
Tools/Toolkit > Government Resource
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; March 2019.
Ambulatory surgery centers are increasingly being used to provide surgical care. This survey seeks opinions from the field regarding safety culture in the ambulatory surgical center environment. The survey is presented with additional resources to help organizations assess their safety culture, including the results of a pilot program testing the survey and a user's guide. Ambulatory surgery centers that have used the survey can submit their data to the database from June 3–July 22.
NHS England Never Events Taskforce. London, UK: NHS England; February 27, 2014.
Examining risks in surgical care such as deviation in practice, this report outlines strategies to improve outcomes, including better adoption of care standards, determining organizational safety policies, and multidisciplinary training initiatives.
Journal Article > Government Resource
de Boer M, Boeker EB, Ramrattan MA, et al. Int J Clin Pharm. 2013;35:744-752.
Journal Article > Government Resource
Schechter MA, O'Brien PJ, Cox MW. J Vasc Surg. 2013;57:276-281.
This review article characterizes the types of clinical issues that can occur when an intravascular device becomes malpositioned or damaged. A case of a broken peripherally inserted central venous catheter (PICC) that required surgical removal is discussed in an AHRQ WebM&M commentary.
Tools/Toolkit > Fact Sheet/FAQs
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; October 2012. AHRQ Publication No. 01-0040d.
This AHRQ brochure provides practical advice for patients facing non-emergent surgery, to help them be generally informed about the procedure, aware of the risks, and prepared to contribute to the safety of their experience.