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- Error Reporting and Analysis 4
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- Quality Improvement Strategies 5
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- Device-related Complications 1
- Diagnostic Errors 1
- Fatigue and Sleep Deprivation 1
- Identification Errors 1
- Medical Complications 3
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Perspectives on Safety > Perspective
with commentary by Ashish K. Jha, MD, MPH, The Transformation of Patient Safety at the VA, September 2006
Five years after the landmark Crossing the Quality Chasm report by the Institute of Medicine (IOM), the quality and safety of health care in the United States remains far from ideal.(1) It is easy to feel pessimistic. Can health care organizations really...
Tools/Toolkit > Multi-use Website
National SCIP Partnership, Oklahoma Foundation for Medical Quality, 14000 Quail Springs Parkway, Suite 400, Oklahoma City, OK, 73134.
This initiative aims to build a national community of health care facilities that will work to collectively reduce surgical complications by 25% by the year 2010.
Web Resource > Multi-use Website
London, UK: The Health Foundation.
This program seeks to work with member acute care hospitals in the United Kingdom to build, sustain, and spread models of safety improvement developed during the Safer Patients Initiative.
Journal Article > Study
Public reporting of antibiotic timing in patients with pneumonia: lessons from a flawed performance measure.
Wachter RM, Flanders SA, Fee C, Pronovost PJ. Ann Intern Med. 2008;149:29-32.
Efforts to improve the quality and safety of care are being driven in part by a growing focus on public reporting. This commentary shares the potential for the unintended consequences of reporting on flawed performance measures, using time to first antibiotic dose (TFAD) in patients with pneumonia as an example. The authors discuss the background data for this particular quality measure, how it was translated into a performance standard, and the response it generated from emergency departments as well as payers, regulators, and professional societies. The authors conclude with a number of lessons learned from this case example, including the tension that results from having providers balance their desire to do the right thing with the public's view of their quality of care when they are in conflict with each other. A past AHRQ WebM&M commentary discussed the unintended consequences of achieving a good report card on such measures.
Journal Article > Study
Validity of selected AHRQ Patient Safety Indicators based on VA National Surgical Quality Improvement program data.
Romano PS, Mull HJ, Rivard PE, et al. Health Serv Res. 2009;44:182-204.
The AHRQ Patient Safety Indicators (PSIs) were originally developed as a means of screening administrative data to identify potential patient safety problems. However, they are increasingly being used for quality measurement and hospital comparison purposes. This study sought to evaluate the accuracy of surgical PSIs for identification of true safety issues, by comparing PSI-detected events to clinical data. The PSIs tested had only moderate sensitivity and specificity for detecting clinical adverse events, lending support to prior research, which concluded that PSIs should be used only for screening purposes. An AHRQ WebM&M commentary discusses the limitations of using PSIs for public reporting and hospital comparison purposes.
Journal Article > Study
Naessens J, Campbell CR, Shah N, et al. Am J Med Qual. 2012;27:48-57.
The epidemiology of adverse events on a population basis has been well studied, but how these data translate to risks for individual patients is not as clear. The likelihood of suffering an adverse event is directly tied to length of hospitalization, and this study sought to evaluate a complementary question: whether patients who are more severely ill at admission are at increased risk of preventable harm. By linking adverse event data from various sources—including Patient Safety Indicators, voluntary error reports, and infection control reports—to clinical databases, the authors were able to show that higher illness severity is associated with an increased risk of adverse events during hospitalization. These findings are supported by the fact that intensive care unit patients have consistently been shown to experience more adverse events. An AHRQ WebM&M commentary discusses a case of a medication error occurring in an acutely ill patient with multiple underlying comorbidities.
Journal Article > Commentary
Duty hours in emergency medicine: balancing patient safety, resident wellness, and the resident training experience: a consensus response to the 2008 Institute of Medicine resident duty hours recommendations.
Wagner MJ, Wolf S, Promes S, et al. J Emerg Med. 2010;39:348-355.
This commentary, by leaders in the emergency medicine field, discusses the implications of the Institute of Medicine's recommendations regarding resident work hours for emergency medicine residency training. Some, but not all, of the IOM's recommendations were included in the recently released duty hour proposal from the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education.
Bethesda, MD: Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health. May 21, 2018. PA-18-790; PA-18-791.