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Search results for "Book/Report"
- Clinical Information Systems
Washington, DC: United States Government Accountability Office; January 2019. Publication GAO-19-197.
Record matching problems can have serious clinical impacts on patients. This report explores how to optimize demographic data integrity to improve patient record matching, as identifying information is increasingly integrated into shared record keeping systems. The investigation determined strategies to improve matching such as implementing standard data formats and disseminating best practices.
Jha AK, Iliff AR, Chaoui AA, Defossez S, Bombaugh MC, Miller YA. Waltham, MA: Massachusetts Medical Society, Massachusetts Health and Hospital Association, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, and Harvard Global Health Institute; 2019.
Clinician well-being affects the safety of the care environment. This publication suggests that the ramifications of physician burnout are a public health concern. The report provides an overview of the burnout crisis and recommends strategies to address the problem, including mental health initiatives, electronic health record enhancements, and appointment of chief wellness officers.
Horsham, PA: Institute for Safe Medication Practices; January 2019.
Inaccurate or incomplete data in electronic health records can limit the effectiveness of health information technology. This guideline focuses on improvements in how medication information is formatted to support safe medication delivery. Recommended approaches include avoidance of error-prone abbreviations, use of Tall Man lettering, and required use of metric measurements to reduce risks in electronic health records, barcoding systems, smart infusion devices, and other information technologies.
Strategy on Reducing Regulatory and Administrative Burden Relating to the Use of Health IT and EHRs.
Washington, DC: Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; November 28, 2018.
Clinician burnout is a persistent threat to patient safety, and electronic health records have been identified as a high-profile contributor to the problem. This call for public comments on a draft report seeks insights on specific goals and recommended strategies to address the issue. The approaches outlined focus on reducing the time burden associated with frontline electronic health record use. The option for submitting comments is closed.
Pronovost P, Johns MME, Palmer S, et al, eds. Washington, DC: National Academy of Medicine; 2018. ISBN: 9781947103122.
Although health information technology was implemented to improve safety, it has resulted in unintended consequences such as clinician burnout and perpetuation of incorrect information. This publication explores the barriers to achieving the interoperability needed to build a robust digital infrastructure that will seamlessly and reliably share information across the complex system of health care. The report advocates for adjusting purchasing behaviors to focus less on the price and features of each product and to instead look for interoperable technologies. The report outlines five action priorities to guide leadership decision-making around procurement, including championing systemwide interoperability and identifying goals and requirements. A PSNet interview discussed potential consequences of the digitization of health care.
Partnership for Health IT Patient Safety. Plymouth Meeting, PA: ECRI; August 2018.
Inadequate follow-up of test results can contribute to missed and delayed diagnoses. Developing optimal test result management systems is essential for closing the loop so that results can be acted upon in a timely manner. The Partnership for Health IT Patient Safety convened a working group to identify how technology can be used to facilitate improved communication and timely action regarding test results. This report summarizes the methods used by the working group and their findings. Recommendations include improving communication by standardizing the format of test results, including required timing for diagnostic testing responses, automating the notification process in electronic health records, and optimizing alerts to reduce alert fatigue. A past WebM&M commentary discussed a case involving ambulatory test result management.
Philadelphia, PA: Pew Charitable Trusts, American Medical Association, and Medstar Health; 2018.
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; April 2018. AHRQ Publication No. 18-0028-EF.
Health care has worked to enhance use of information technologies to improve efficiency and safety. This report highlights 151 AHRQ-funded projects focused on understanding how health care information technology can address clinician needs, support decision making, and increase patient access to electronic health records.
Institute for Healthcare Improvement, National Patient Safety Foundation. Cambridge, MA: Institute for Healthcare Improvement; 2017.
Missed and delayed diagnoses can stem from problems in the outpatient referral process. The Institute for Healthcare Improvement convened an expert panel aimed at addressing safety vulnerabilities in the current referral process. The report delineates nine steps in the referral process, starting from the primary care provider ordering the referral and ending with communication of the treatment plan to patients and families. Recommendations to improve this process include interoperability between primary care and subspecialty electronic health records, standardizing handoffs between providers, clear standards of accountability for patient follow-up, and use of evidence-based communication methods like teach-back with patients and families. The report concludes that prioritizing the safety of the referral process is important to reduce diagnostic errors.
Weiner J, Bao Y, Meisel Z. LDI/CHERISH Issue Brief. June 2017.
Health care has been exploring a variety of strategies to mitigate the opioid epidemic. Exploring the current state of prescription drug monitoring programs as one approach to reduce the misuse of prescribed opioids, this issue brief discusses the role of provider and patient behaviors, the potential for mandates to increase monitoring, and integration of monitoring systems into electronic health record technologies as avenues to support improvement.
Lowry SZ, Ramaiah M, Prettyman SS, et al. Gaithersburg, MD: National Institute of Standards and Technology, United States Department of Commerce; January 19, 2017. NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR)-8166.
Copying and pasting information in electronic health records can introduce risks. This report discusses a human factors study of the phenomenon to determine how the practice affects information distribution. The authors conclude that the problem does exist, describe its impact on situational awareness, and provide recommendations to improve safety associated with the copy-and-paste function.
Electronically Generated Medication Administration and Electronic Medication Administration Records for the Prevention of Medication Transcription Errors: Review of Clinical Effectiveness and Safety.
Ottawa, ON: Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health; 2016.
Rizk S, Oguntebi G, Graber ML, Johnston D. Research Triangle Park, NC: RTI International; 2016.
Standard term selection tools—like pick lists or drop-down menus—in information technology can create opportunities for user error due to human factors. This publication explores how mistakes such as selecting the wrong drug from an ordering pick list can occur in the ambulatory environment. The report includes recommendations and resources to help enhance medication safety when using these tools.
Goals and Priorities for Health Care Organizations to Improve Safety Using Health IT. Revised Report.
Graber ML, Bailey R, Johnston D. RTI International; Washington, DC: US Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; 2016.
Partnership for Health IT Patient Safety. Plymouth Meeting, PA: ECRI; February 2016.
Electronic health records have potential to improve health care, but they may also introduce unanticipated risks. This report describes the results of a group convened to explore strategies to enhance health IT safety. Focusing on copying and pasting health data from one record to another as the first area of concern, the report recommends enabling systems to identify what data has been copied in the electronic health record and where it came from, providing training to ensure the safe use of copy and paste, and regularly track and assess copying and pasting practices. The report includes tools to related to the recommendations. A WebM&M commentary explores the hazards associated with the use of copy and paste.
Computerized Prescriber Order Entry Medication Safety (CPOEMS): Uncovering and Learning From Issues and Errors.
Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Partners HealthCare. Silver Spring, MD: US Food and Drug Administration; December 15, 2015.
Electronic prescribing, considered an opportunity to reduce medication errors, has been linked to problems unique to technology use. This white paper discusses the results of a multi-hospital effort to develop a process and tools to collect and analyze data related to search, display, and workflow issues associated with computerized provider order entry. The authors offer recommendations to enhance the safety of electronic prescribing, including standardizing drug names, minimizing the number of alerts, and designing better search functions.
Technical Evaluation, Testing, and Validation of the Usability of Electronic Health Records: Empirically Based Use Cases for Validating Safety-Enhanced Usability and Guidelines for Standardization.
Lowry SZ, Ramaiah M, Taylor S, et al. Gaithersburg, MD: US Department of Commerce, National Institute of Standards and Technology; October 2015. NISTIR 7804-1.
Unintended consequences associated with usability of electronic health record (EHR) systems have the potential to negatively affect patient safety. This report outlines standards to enhance safety-related usability of EHRs by identifying root causes of use errors and addressing these weaknesses through human factors design.
Sittig DF, Singh H, eds. Waretown, NJ: Apple Academic Press; 2015. ISBN: 9781771881173.
Washington, DC: Leapfrog Group; March 2015.
National hospital quality reports aim to provide benchmarks on safety and other quality measures, though questions remain regarding their universal applicability to gauge improvement. This analysis of the 2014 Leapfrog Hospital Survey results found that while the majority of hospitals employed computerized provider order entry (CPOE), not all systems provided appropriate warnings to prevent potentially harmful orders, suggesting CPOE systems still need improvement to augment safety.
Bisantz AM, Burns CM, Fairbanks RJ, eds. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press; 2014. ISBN: 9781466587960.