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Perspectives on Safety > Interview
International Perspectives on Safety, May 2007
Sir Liam Donaldson, MD, MSc, is England's Chief Medical Officer, a post often referred to as "the Nation's Doctor" (similar to the role of the U.S. Surgeon General). Trained as a surgeon, Sir Liam has been an inspirational leader in public health and health care quality in the United Kingdom for two decades. He has also emerged as a world leader in the patient safety field, authoring or commissioning dozens of influential reports, and serving as the founding chair of the World Health Organization's World Alliance for Patient Safety. We spoke to him about patient safety from an international perspective.
Journal Article > Study
Error reduction and performance improvement in the emergency department through formal teamwork training: evaluation results of the MedTeams project.
Morey JC, Simon R, Jay GD, et al. Health Serv Res. 2002;37:1553-1581.
Using crew resource management (CRM), behavioral principles developed in aviation, this study reports on applying similar teamwork training in hospital emergency departments. After developing and implementing a modified training curriculum, investigators measured its effectiveness by addressing three outcomes: team behaviors, attitudes and opinions, and emergency department performance. The prospective study used physician-nurse teams for training and observation of a broadly defined range of clinical errors. Authors concluded that teamwork training based on CRM led to successful improvements in specific teamwork behaviors, reduced clinical errors, and enhanced staff attitudes toward teamwork.
Grant > Government Resource
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; June 2008.
This announcement describes the 19 projects funded by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality in 2006 that studies the potential of simulation to improve patient safety.
Journal Article > Review
Bowie P, Pope L, Lough M. J Eval Clin Pract. 2008;14:520-536.
This review assessed research on the benefits and disadvantages of significant event analysis and identified implementation barriers that involve teamwork, training, and leadership.