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Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. December 2017. AHRQ Publication No. 16(18)-0004-1-EF.
Large-scale collaboratives have achieved success in implementing patient safety improvements. This report describes the work and outcomes of a 3-year surgical safety program funded by AHRQ that involved more than 200 hospitals in the United States. The project employed models and tools to implement surgical site infection prevention strategies. Participants reported substantial reductions of surgical site infections in their facilities.
Getting Ahead of Harm Before It Happens: A Guide About Proactive Analysis for Improving Surgical Care Safety.
Wiley K, Davies JM. Edmonton, AB: Canadian Patient Safety Institute; 2017.
Proactive analysis can help uncover process weaknesses and ensure improvements are implemented before patients experience harm. This guide provides insights for organizations who seek to implement proactive analysis strategies. Tools and models discussed include Reason's Swiss cheese model and Systems Engineering Initiative for Patient Safety.
Stahel PF, ed. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Education/Medical; 2017. ISBN: 9780071842631.
Surgical residency can be a stressful learning experience. This textbook provides an introduction to nontechnical aspects of safe surgical practice, a collection of case studies that illustrate technical challenges in the operating room, and insights regarding other elements of health care that can affect the safety of surgical care, such as health information technology.
Hoyt DB, Ko CY, eds. Chicago, IL: American College of Surgeons; 2017. ISBN: 9780996826242.
Surgery is complex and involves a wide range of possibilities for error that can result in patient harm. This textbook explores both technical and organizational contributors to those factors. The authors provide context for how leaders can address weaknesses across all phases of surgical care to help improve safety. Topics covered include high reliability, teamwork, communication, and patient-centered culture.
US Senate Finance Committee. December 6, 2016.
The practice of scheduling concurrent surgeries has raised concerns about increased risks of surgeon distraction, procedure delay, and insufficient expertise available in the operating room. This United States Senate report summarizes findings of an inquiry that assessed insights from 17 hospitals regarding concurrent and overlapping surgical policies. Areas of concern identified by the investigation include a lack of available data on the patient outcomes associated with the practice and need for specific billing requirements.
Marsh H. New York, NY: Thomas Dunne Books; 2015. ISBN: 9781250065810.
This intensely personal memoir by the famed British neurosurgeon Henry Marsh is no hagiography or recitation of his many accomplishments. Instead, Marsh relates many errors he has committed or witnessed, and the personal toll these errors have taken on his patients and himself. He recreates these stories in vivid detail, acknowledging the effect that his own emotional state had on committing both cognitive and technical errors. Marsh was inspired to write this book in part by reading the work of Daniel Kahneman, the Nobel Prize–winning psychologist whose research established the mechanisms by which humans commit cognitive errors. Along with Atul Gawande's Complications, this book stands as an essential human perspective on error in medicine.
Reducing the Risks of Wrong-Site Surgery: Safety Practices from The Joint Commission Center for Transforming Healthcare Project.
Chicago, IL: American Hospital Association, Health Research and Educational Trust, and Joint Commission Center for Transforming Healthcare; 2014.
Wrong-site surgery is a never event, but still occurs at alarming rates. This report discusses risks related to wrong-site surgery, along with their root causes, and describes initiatives associated with a Joint Commission Center for Transforming Healthcare project. The authors highlight improvements in scheduling surgeries, preoperative processes, operating room preparations, and organizational culture that substantially reduced wrong-site surgeries in the eight hospitals participating in the program. A prior AHRQ WebM&M commentary by Dr. Charles Vincent discussed a case of a wrong-site procedure.
Improving the Measurement of Surgical Site Infection Risk Stratification/Outcome Detection: Final Contract Report.
Price CS, Savitz LA. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; March 2012. AHRQ Publication No. 12-0046-EF.
This report explores techniques to detect and monitor surgical site infections (SSIs), evaluates a computer-assisted algorithm to identify patients at risk for SSIs, and makes recommendations to investigate surgery-specific risk factors.