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Perspectives on Safety > Perspective
Organizational Change in the Face of Highly Public Errors—I. The Dana-Farber Cancer Institute Experience
with commentary by James B. Conway; Saul N. Weingart, MD, PhD, Errors in the Media and Organizational Change, May 2005
A decade ago, two tragic medical errors rocked one of the world’s great cancer hospitals, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute (DFCI) in Boston, to its core. The errors led to considerable soul searching and, ultimately, a major change in institutional practices a...
Legislation/Regulation > Federal Legislation
S 1337, 109th Cong, 1st Sess (Mt 2005).
This bill was introduced in the U.S. Senate to encourage alternatives to the current medical malpractice system (by creating a "health care court") and to promote early disclosure and resolution of medical errors.
Wolosin R, Vercler L, Matthews J. Patient Safety & Quality Healthcare. November/December 2005;2:40-44.
The authors examined patients' perceptions of safety in hospital settings and factors that affect their perceptions.
Journal Article > Commentary
Clinton HR, Obama B. N Engl J Med. 2006;354:2205-2208.
This commentary is written by Senators Hillary Rodham Clinton (D-NY) and Barack Obama (D-IL), who coauthored the National Medical Error Disclosure and Compensation (MEDiC) Act. Providing context for the bill, the senators advocate for necessary improvements in patient safety and the medical liability environment through a series of important and interdependent strategies. These include reducing the rates of preventable patient injuries, promoting open communication between physicians and patients, ensuring patients' access to fair compensation for legitimate medical injuries, and reducing liability insurance premiums for providers. The senators further discuss the implications of each approach and specifically outline the major provisions of the bill, including how it will foster and promote the necessary improvement efforts.
Journal Article > Study
Stebbing C, Kaushal R, Bates DW. Pediatrics. 2006;117:1907-1914.
This study analyzed newspaper coverage of pediatric medication errors and adverse drug events in five countries to demonstrate increased interest in the topic over the past decade. Investigators examined the number of articles and the types of events covered and assessed the overall themes presented and framed by the media. The majority of articles published covered patient incidents followed by policy and then research in decreasing order of frequency. Despite the occasional occurrence of sensational reporting on errors, more than 70% of articles that were deemed to be negatively associated with patient safety were covered in a neutral manner.
Scobie S, Minghella E, Dale C, Thomson R, Lelliott P, Hill K. London, UK: National Patient Safety Agency; July 2006.
This report, the second in a series from the United Kingdom's National Patient Safety Agency, analyzes nearly 45,000 patient safety incidents relating to mental health that were reported to a nationwide incident reporting system. The majority of reported incidents were from inpatient mental health facilities, primarily involving patient accidents (including falls), disruptive or aggressive behavior, self-harming behavior, and missing (absconding) patients. The report summarizes existing initiatives to improve patient safety in mental health, makes specific recommendations for mental health providers, and identifies priority areas for future research.