Narrow Results Clear All
Search results for "Book/Report"
Utilizing a Systems and Design Thinking Approach for Improving Well-Being Within Health Professional Education and Health Care.
Kreitzer MJ, Carter K, Coffey DS, et al. NAM Perspectives. Washington, DC: National Academy of Medicine; 2019.
Burnout can diminish the safety of clinicians, students, health care workers, and patients. This report suggests institutions apply design thinking and systems thinking methods to develop interventions to reduce burnout and stress. A past Annual Perspective covered the impact of burnout on patient safety.
Washington, DC: Association of American Medical Colleges; 2014.
Studies have revealed a gap between what residents are expected to know and how prepared new interns are when they begin residency training, raising concern about patient safety during this period. These guides provide information for both faculty and students about key competencies that should be expected of new residents on their first day.
Boston, MA: Lucian Leape Institute at the National Patient Safety Foundation; March 2010.
Medical schools face an urgent need to transform their curricula to emphasize patient safety, according to this report from the Lucian Leape Institute at the National Patient Safety Foundation. Based on a roundtable discussion among leading medical education and patient safety experts, this report concludes that the traditional curricular focus on medical knowledge and technical expertise must shift to incorporate key concepts in systems analysis and patient-centered care. The piece includes specific recommendations for medical school and academic medical center leadership to develop rigorous safety curricula and evaluation methods. The report also emphasizes the importance of a culture of safety in teaching hospitals, stressing that unprofessional behavior and authority gradients prevent students from reporting and learning from errors.
Elstein AS. Boston, MA: Harvard University Press; 1978.
Clinical reasoning lies at the heart of formulating diagnoses and selecting treatments. The results of these medical decisions determine a substantial portion of the dollars spent on health care. Considering the fundamental importance of clinical reasoning, the topic has received surprisingly little systematic study. Even with the widespread interest in medical error and patient safety in recent years, diagnostic errors and other errors in clinical reasoning have received little attention. This classic collection of empiric studies on clinical reasoning in action thus remains highly relevant more than 25 years after its original publication. One finding of particular relevance for those interested in patient safety and quality improvement is that competence may be problem specific; thus, there is no generic approach to clinical problem solving that, when followed, ensures excellent, or even competent, performance in a variety of domains within a field. The authors also provide an excellent overview of theoretic models relevant to the study of clinical reasoning.