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Search results for ""
Cases & Commentaries
- Web M&M
Bryan A. Liang, MD, PhD, JD; May 2004
Understanding that she may lose her life without it, a woman severely injured in a collision rejects a blood transfusion for religious reasons. However, her parents persuade the physicians otherwise, and the woman lives.
Perspectives on Safety > Perspective
Organizational Change in the Face of Highly Public Errors—I. The Dana-Farber Cancer Institute Experience
with commentary by James B. Conway; Saul N. Weingart, MD, PhD, Errors in the Media and Organizational Change, May 2005
A decade ago, two tragic medical errors rocked one of the world’s great cancer hospitals, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute (DFCI) in Boston, to its core. The errors led to considerable soul searching and, ultimately, a major change in institutional practices a...
Perspectives on Safety > Perspective
with commentary by Rosemary Gibson, MSc, The Patient's Role in Safety, March 2007
Patients have three roles in improving patient safety: helping to ensure their own safety, working with health care organizations to improve safety at the organization and unit level, and advocating as citizens for public reporting and accountability of hospital and health system performance. The following case illustrates how patients can help ensure their own safety.
Perspectives on Safety > Interview
The Patient's Role in Safety, March 2007
Sorrel King is the mother of Josie King, who died tragically in 2001 at age 18 months because of medical errors during a hospitalization at Johns Hopkins Hospital. She has subsequently become one of the nation’s foremost patient advocates for safety, forming an influential foundation (the Josie King Foundation) and partnering with Johns Hopkins to promote the field of patient safety around the world.
Wojcieszak D. Patient Safety Qual Healthc. May/June 2005;2:6, 8-9.
The author, who lost his brother to medical error, reflects on his family's frustrating experience with the hospital and legal system. He proposes that the medical profession can learn valuable lessons from the engineering safety culture.
Wolosin R, Vercler L, Matthews J. Patient Safety & Quality Healthcare. November/December 2005;2:40-44.
The authors examined patients' perceptions of safety in hospital settings and factors that affect their perceptions.
Klein A. The Washington Post. December 11, 2005:A01.
This article reports on the reuse of single-use medical instruments, discussing both the benefits and risks of the practice.
Kapadia R. Smart Money. October 2006;15:112-114.
This article provides tips for consumers to help keep their hospital care as safe and hassle-free as possible.
Zimmerman R. Wall Street Journal. February 6, 2007:A1.
This article reports on a mother's campaign to educate parents about kernicterus and to make bilirubin tests standard for all newborns.
Parker L. USA Today. December 19, 2006.
This article reports on the case of an elderly patient whose advance directive wasn't followed and discusses the impact of this omission.
Wisc Med J. 2006:105;1-86.
This special issue includes articles on programs and initiatives to improve the safety of health care. It also includes proceedings from a 2006 Wisconsin conference on patient safety.
Learning from Bristol: The Report of the Public Inquiry into Children's Heart Surgery at the Bristol Royal Infirmary 1984–1995.
London, England: The Stationery Office; July 2001.
In June 1998, the Secretary for Health announced to Parliament the organization of a formal Inquiry into children's heart surgery at the Bristol Royal Infirmary between 1984 and 1995. Their objectives included understanding what happened in Bristol, assessing the quality of care and system failures that contributed to deaths, and generating lessons that could be learned for the entire National Health Service (NHS) in the United Kingdom. The inquiry was independent and not held as a legal proceeding, but provided a comprehensive investigation with interviews, expert panels, and a goal of driving improvement efforts. Section one of the report outlines pediatric cardiac surgical services in Bristol while section two focuses on recommendations to ensure high quality care across the NHS. Several publications resulted from the learnings of the Bristol inquiry, including a discussion of cultural entrapment and lessons for quality improvement.
Landro L. Wall Street Journal (Eastern edition). May 30, 2007:D1.
This article describes several patient safety improvement efforts led by patients and families who have been affected by medical error.
Smerd J. Workforce Management. June 11, 2007;1, 16-19.
This article discusses the financial impact on employers when an employee is affected by medical error.
Greene L. St. Petersburg Times. August 19, 2008.
This article reports on recent apologies made by Florida hospital officials for medical errors.
Journal Article > Commentary
Boothman RC, Blackwell AC, Campbell, Jr. DA, Commiskey E, Anderson S. J Health Life Sci Law. 2009;2:125-159.
This legal discussion shares one hospital system's approach to addressing error and apology in a proactive and sensitive way—that also makes smart business sense.
Landro L. Wall Street Journal. August 25, 2009:D1.
This column shares the experience of hospitals and families whose involvement in open disclosure has resulted in improved care, reduced litigation costs, and patient partnerships.
Cohen E. Empowered Patient. CNN.com. November 13, 2009.
This news story describes an incident of patient misidentification and offers tips to help patients confirm their care during a hospitalization.
Journal Article > Commentary
Davis Giardina T, Singh H. JAMA. 2011;306:2502-2503.
This commentary discusses a federal proposal to provide patients with direct access to laboratory test results as a tactic to reduce errors.
Moss-Coane M, O'Connell K, Fishman N. Radio Times. April 28, 2011.
This radio program featured interviews with an infectious disease specialist and a patient who contracted a hospital-acquired infection, and discussed how patients and providers can reduce their occurrence.
Carroll AE. New York Times. June 1, 2015.
Reporting on trends associated with medical malpractice, how the same physicians tend to get sued, and reasons patients file claims, this newspaper article discusses better communication and physician behavior change as ways to reduce malpractice risk. The early resolution program at University of Michigan is highlighted as an effective model for improvement.
Graham J. Kaiser Health News. November 21, 2018.
Patients can identify errors in their medical records that health care providers may not recognize. This news article highlights the importance of patients correcting seemingly simple mistakes such as name misspellings and phone numbers as these errors can contribute to situations that result in patient harm.
Legislation/Regulation > Colorado Legislation
Pettersen B, Tate J, Tipper K, McKean H. Colorado Senate Bill 19-201.
Communication-and-resolution mechanisms are seen as important approaches to improving transparency and healing after an adverse event. This state bill, referred to as the "Colorado Candor Act," protects conversations between organizations, clinicians, patient, and families from legal discoverability and outlines criteria to guarantee that protection.
Canadian Patient Safety Institute and Health Standards Organization.
This draft 5-year framework aims to guide the activities in Canada to focus action, resources, and policy development on supporting care improvement. The document is structured around five goals: people-centered care, safe care, accessible care, appropriate care, and continuous care. The authors invited Canadian patients, families, clinicians, organization leaders, and policymakers to provide input on the material to ensure its applicability across the country.