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Abelson R. New York Times. May 17, 2007;Business section:1.
This article reports on a Pennsylvania hospital system that offers a flat fee for bypass surgery and a guarantee for follow-up care should complications arise.
The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation. September 23, 2008.
Through his work, Peter Pronovost, a critical care physician and professor at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, has inspired culture change by devising evidence-based clinical practices that save lives and improve patient safety. The MacArthur Foundation has selected him as a 2008 Fellow and recipient of a $500,000 "genius grant."
Carbonara P. Fast Company. October 2008.
This magazine article describes how one health system is using an evidence-based, pay-for-performance program to reduce errors and improve outcomes in coronary-artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery.
Journal Article > Study
Adherence to Surgical Care Improvement Project measures and the association with postoperative infections.
Stulberg JJ, Delaney CP, Neuhauser DV, Aron DC, Fu P, Koroukian SM. JAMA. 2010;303:2479-2485.
Public reporting of quality measures is now widely used as a means of spurring hospitals to invest in patient safety and quality improvement efforts; however, it remains unclear if reported measures truly indicate a higher quality of care. In this study of more than 400,000 patients, researchers analyzed the relationship between adherence to recommended measures to prevent postoperative surgical infections and the subsequent development of such infections. They found that infection rates decreased only when all recommended interventions were carried out; performance of individual interventions did not seem to affect infection rates. Checklists—a relatively simple tool to ensure that all recommended steps of a process are carried out for every patient—initially gained fame as a means of preventing central line infections, and have subsequently been demonstrated to reduce surgical site infections.
Journal Article > Study
The business case for quality: economic analysis of the Michigan Keystone Patient Safety Program in ICUs.
Waters HR, Korn R Jr, Colantuoni E, et al. Am J Med Qual. 2011;26:333-339.
One of the seminal achievements in the patient safety field, the Keystone ICU project accomplished impressive short-term and long-term reductions in health care–associated infections in Michigan ICUs by implementing checklists and improving safety culture. This follow-up study also demonstrates the cost-effectiveness of the program, as the money saved by preventing infections greatly outweighed the cost of the intervention itself. Substantiating the business case for quality in this fashion will further stimulate wide dissemination of proven safety interventions.
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Health Care Innovations Exchange. May 18, 2016.