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Journal Article > Review
Dückers M, Faber M, Cruijsberg J, Grol R, Schoonhoven L, Wensing M. Med Care Res Rev. 2009;66(suppl 6):90S-119S.
Improving patient safety requires development of a culture of safety and transformation into a learning organization—one that has the capacity to rapidly address problems through information sharing and learning from past experience. In this systematic review, the authors characterize the published literature on organizational safety programs, and summarize published data on error detection methods (such as incident reporting systems), error analysis, and systems to mitigate and reduce specific errors (such as diagnostic errors and medication errors). The review is limited by publication bias (the preferential publication of studies with positive results) and the descriptive nature of most studies, reducing the generalizability of these studies for other organizations. An AHRQ WebM&M perspective discusses organizational approaches to safety improvement in academic and community settings.
Journal Article > Study
Improving patient safety in the ICU by prospective identification of missing safety barriers using the Bow-Tie prospective risk analysis model.
Kerckhoffs MC, van der Sluijs AF, Binnekade JM, Dongelmans DA. J Patient Saf. 2013;9:154-159.
Conceptually analogous to failure mode and effect analysis, the Bow-Tie method is used to prospectively detect safety hazards. In this study, the Bow-Tie method was used to identify latent safety hazards in intrahospital transport, risk factors for unintentional extubation, and contributors to poor interdisciplinary communication.