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Search results for "Audiovisual"
Oakbrook Terrace, IL: Joint Commission Center for Transforming Health Care. Chicago, IL: American College of Surgeons. November 2012.
Some of the most prominent successes in the patient safety field have been achieved in preventing health care–associated infections. Sponsored by The Joint Commission Center for Transforming Healthcare and the American College of Surgeons, this effort used rigorous quality improvement methodology and a collaborative approach across seven participating hospitals to tackle the problem of surgical site infections (SSIs) in patients undergoing colorectal surgery. The project was a remarkable success, achieving a 32% reduction in SSIs during the study period. The Center for Transforming Healthcare is also sponsoring efforts to prevent wrong-site surgery and improve hand hygiene and handoff communications.
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; September 10, 2012.
The near elimination of central line–associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) in intensive care units (ICUs) in Michigan stands as one of the landmark accomplishments of the patient safety field. Although the checklist for CLABSI prevention has been widely publicized, equally important components of the intervention included the comprehensive unit-based safety program (CUSP) and interventions to improve safety culture in participating ICUs. The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality subsequently sponsored an effort to extend the success of the Michigan initiative nationwide, centered around implementation of the CUSP. The initial results, presented in this press release, indicate another remarkable success, with CLABSI rates being reduced by 40% across 1100 participating ICUs. It is notable that these reductions were accomplished even though the baseline rate of CLABSI was already lower than in prior studies. The developer of CUSP, Dr. Peter Pronovost, was interviewed by AHRQ WebM&M in 2010.
Audiovisual > Slideset
Beating the weekend trend: increased mortality in older adult traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients admitted on weekends.
Schneider EB, Hirani SA, Hambridge HL, et al. J Surg Res. 2012;177:295-300.
Being admitted to the hospital on a weekend is potentially dangerous, as studies have shown that preventable complications and mortality are increased across a range of common diagnoses for weekend admissions compared with weekdays. One exception appears to be trauma, as a prior study found equal outcomes in patients with traumatic injuries regardless of the day of admission, a finding ascribed to the protocolized and closely supervised nature of trauma care. However, this study of older adults admitted with traumatic brain injury did find increased mortality for those patients admitted on the weekend, despite the fact that patients admitted on the weekend were less severely injured. A limitation of this study is that the authors were not able to analyze outcomes for patients cared for at specialized trauma centers. Nevertheless, the study adds to the considerable body of research documenting the dangers of weekend hospital admission.
Woodall A. Oakland Tribune. September 27, 2011.
This newspaper article reports how a medical error, which occurred during a nursing strike, resulted in a patient's death.
Collaborative cohort study of an intervention to reduce ventilator-associated pneumonia in the intensive care unit.
Berenholtz SM, Pham JC, Thompson DA, et al. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2011;32:305-314.
The landmark Keystone ICU project, a statewide quality improvement initiative that used interventions grounded in safety culture and human factors engineering to improve safety in the intensive care unit, stands as one of the seminal achievements of the patient safety field. The success of the Keystone ICU project at reducing central line–associated bloodstream infections has been widely publicized, and this study reports a similar success in reducing rates of ventilator-associated pneumonia. As with the prior results, this article emphasizes that the success of the study was attributable to the multifaceted quality improvement approach used and the cultural change it engendered in participating ICUs.
Bogdanich W. New York Times. January 24, 2010:A1.
First in a series on medical radiation, this news feature and accompanying video investigate patient deaths and injuries following mistakes related to radiation treatment. The journalists discuss the number of radiation therapy errors in New York and reveal that state law does not require public reporting of such mistakes.
Fillo KT. Bureau of Health Care Safety and Quality, Department of Public Health. Boston, MA: Commonwealth of Massachusetts; July 2018.
This report compiles patient safety data documented by Massachusetts hospitals. The latest numbers represent a modest decrease in serious reportable events recorded in acute care hospitals, from 1012 the previous year to 922. This presentation also includes events from ambulatory surgery centers. Previous years reports are also available.