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Journal Article > Commentary
Disclosure of medical errors: ethical considerations for the development of a facility policy and organizational culture change.
Henry LL. Policy Polit Nurs Pract. 2005;6:127-134.
The author discusses the history of error disclosure, the role that respect for patient autonomy plays in developing disclosure policies, and the culture change that must occur to implement such a policy.
Wojcieszak D. Patient Safety Qual Healthc. May/June 2005;2:6, 8-9.
The author, who lost his brother to medical error, reflects on his family's frustrating experience with the hospital and legal system. He proposes that the medical profession can learn valuable lessons from the engineering safety culture.
Journal Article > Study
Error or "act of God"? A study of patients' and operating room team members' perceptions of error definition, reporting, and disclosure.
Espin S, Levinson W, Regehr G, Baker GR, Lingard L. Surgery. 2006;139:6-14.
This study discovered both similarities and differences in the way surgeons, nurses, anesthesiologists, and patients responded to four scripted clinical error scenarios. Findings suggested that all groups incorporated a negative outcome or a deviation from standard of practice into their error definition rather than analyzing the event independent of those factors. In addition, noted differences existed between patients who supported reporting for all negative events and nurses who believed in selective reporting. Similarly, persistent gaps existed between the full disclosure patients expect and the partial disclosure health professionals believe should occur. While the study represents a small sample size from two tertiary institutions, it does emphasize the importance of a safety culture and the need to redefine errors as opportunities for learning and improvement rather than individual or isolated events.
Grant > Government Resource
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; June 2008.
This announcement describes the 19 projects funded by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality in 2006 that studies the potential of simulation to improve patient safety.
Miller K. Daily Circuit. Minnesota Public Radio. January 30, 2013.
Goldman B. TEDxToronto. November 2011.
In this video, a physician describes his own mistakes and explains how a culture of blame inhibits error disclosure. He advocates redefining medical culture so clinicians can learn from errors.
Park A. Time Magazine. January 24, 2019.
This news article reports on the documentary To Err Is Human, which was produced and directed by the son of patient safety leader Dr. John M. Eisenberg. The film is structured around patient safety advocate Sue Sheridan's experience with diagnostic errors that resulted in harm for both her son and husband. It features a wide range of experts who discuss the impact of error on all involved, the role of culture in facilitating both mistakes and progress, and why continued work in health care safety is needed.